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ABILITY & ATTITUDE

Name : Kamesh
Roll. No: 63
MBA 1 st SEM, 1 st
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Year

Contents
Ability
Meaning
Classification

Attitud
e
Definition
Components
Functions

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ABILITY

Meaning & Definition:


Possession of the means or skill to do something.
Talent, skill, or proficiency in a particular area.
Ability refers to an individuals capacity to perform the various
tasks in a job.
An acquired or naturalcapacityortalentthat
enables anindividualto perform a
particularjobortasksuccessfully.
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Classification of
An individual's overall
abilities are
ABILITIES
essentially made up of the following
factors:
1. Intellectual Abilities,
..and..
2. Physical Abilities.
Intellectual Abilities are those that are needed to perform
mental activities.
Mental activities can be measured by intelligent quotient (IQ) tests,
that are designed to ascertain one's general Mental abilities.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Number Aptitude (Mathematics),


Verbal Comprehension (English),
Perceptual Speed,
Reasoning,
Deductive Reasoning,
Spatial Visualization,
Memory
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PHYSICAL ABILITIES
To the same degree that intellectual
abilities play a larger role in complex jobs with
demanding information-processing requirements,
specific physical abilities gain importance for
successfully doing less skilled and more standardized
jobs. For example, jobs in which success demands
stamina, manual dexterity, leg strength, or similar
talents require management to identify an employee's
physical capabilities.

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ATTITUD
E
A settled way of thinking or feeling about something.
A tendency to respond positively or negatively towards a
certain idea, object, person, or situation.
Attitude influences an individual's choice of action, and
responses to challenges, incentives, and rewards
(together called stimuli).
Truculent or uncooperative behavior. - INFORMAL

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COMPONENTS
:

Cognitive Component of Attitude refers to opinion or belief part of


attitude. When you form your opinion or judgment on the basis of
available information and decide whether you have a favorable or
unfavorable opinion on that, it the cognitive part of attitude we are
talking about.
Conative Component of Attitude refers to the emotional aspect of
attitude. This is perhaps the most often referred part of attitude and
decides mostly the desirable or undesirable aspect attitude.
Affective Component of Attitude refers to the behavioral part of
attitude. If we have a positive attitude for a particular object, it is
likely to be translated into a particular type of behavior, such as
buying or procuring that object.

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FUNCTIONS OF
ATTITTUDE:
The Adjustment Function. Attitudes often help people to adjust
to their work environment.
Ego-Defensive Function. Attitudes help people to retain their
dignity and self- image.
The Value-Expressive Function. Attitudes provide individuals
with a basis for expressing their values.
The Knowledge Function. Attitudes provide standards and
frames of reference that allow people to understand and perceive
the world around him.

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ABILITY VS. ATTITUDE?

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