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SPSS

Statistical Package for the Social


Sciences

10/1/16

Workshop on RM & SPSS

SPSS Introduction (Data View


Window)
Menu Bar

Tools Bar

Cells

Rows
(Represents
cases or
observations)

10/1/16

Workshop on RM & SPSS

SPSS Introduction (Data View


Window)
The Data View window is a grid with rows and
columns.
The
rows
represent
subjects
(cases
or
observations) and columns represent variables
whose names should appear at the top of the
columns.
In the grid, the intersection between a row and a
column is known as a cell. A cell will therefore
contain the score of a particular subject (or case)
on one particular variable.
This window displays the contents of data file. You
create new data files or modify existing ones in
this window. ThisWorkshop
window
opens automatically
on RM & SPSS
10/1/16

Source: http://www.ncl.ac.uk/media/sites/servicesites/itservice/communicationcollaborationandresearch/dataanalysis/SPSS
%20for%20beginners.pdf

SPSS Introduction (Variable View


Window)

10/1/16

Workshop on RM & SPSS

SPSS Introduction (Variable


View Window)
The Variable View window is also a simple grid with rows
and columns. This window contains descriptions of the
attributes of each variable that make up your data set.
In this window, rows are variables and columns are
variable attributes. You can make changes to variable
attributes in this window such as add, delete and modify
attributes of variables.
There are eleven columns altogether namely: Name,
Type, Width, Decimal, Label, Value, Missing, Columns,
Align, Measure and Role. The number of rows in the
Variable view window corresponds to the number of
columns in the Data view window.

10/1/16

Source: http://www.ncl.ac.uk/media/sites/servicesites/itservice/communicationcollaborationandresearch/dataanalysis/SPSS
%20for%20beginners.pdf

Workshop on RM & SPSS

SPSS Introduction (Variable


output Window)

10/1/16

Workshop on RM & SPSS

Descriptive StatisticsIntroduction
Find the mean, median, mode, and range for
the following list of values:
13, 18, 13, 14, 13, 16, 14, 21, 13
The mean is the usual average, so:
(13 + 18 + 13 + 14 + 13 + 16 + 14 + 21 + 13) 9
= 15
Note that the mean isn't a value from the original
list. This is a common result. You should not
assume that your mean will be one of your
original numbers.
The median is the middle value, so I'll have to
rewrite the list in order:
10/1/16
Workshop on RM & SPSS
13, 13, 13, 13, 14, 14, 16, 18, 21

Source:
https://www.purplemath.com/modules/meanmode.htm

There are nine numbers in the list, so the middle one will be
the(9 + 1) 2 = 10 2 = 5th number:
13, 13, 13, 13,14,14, 16, 18, 21
So the median is14.Copyright Elizabeth Stapel 20042011 All Rights Reserved
The mode is the number that is repeated more often than
any other, so13is the mode.
The largest value in the list is21, and the smallest is13, so
the range is21 13 = 8.
mean:15
median:14
mode:13
range:8
Source:
https://www.purplemath.com/modules/meanmode.htm

10/1/16

Workshop on RM & SPSS

Descriptive StatisticsIntroduction
Instatistics, thestandard deviation(SD, also
represented by the Greek letter sigma,for the
population standard deviation orsfor the sample
standard deviation) is a measure that is used to
quantify the amount of variation or dispersionof a
set of data values.
A standard deviation close to 0 indicates that the
data points tend to be very close to themean(also
called the expected value) of the set, while a high
standard deviation indicates that the data points
are spread out over a wider range of values.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Standard_devi
ation

10/1/16

Workshop on RM & SPSS

Descriptive StatisticsIntroduction

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Standard_devi
ation

10/1/16

Workshop on RM & SPSS

Reliability Analysis

10/1/16

Workshop on RM & SPSS