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The history of film began in the 1890s, when motion picture cameras were invented
and film production companies started to be established. Because of the limits of
technology, films of the 1890s were under a minute long and until 1927 motion pictures
were produced without sound. The first decade of motion picture saw film moving from a
novelty to an established large-scale entertainment industry. The films became several
minutes long consisting of several shots. The first rotating camera for taking panning shots
was built in 1898.

The first public cinema projection of a

film by the Lumire Brothers device, takes
place on 28 December 1895 in Paris salon
Indian restaurant "Grand Cafe" Boulevard
des Capucines. The film is titled designed
Sortie de l'usine Lumire At Lyon (Lyon
Lumire Exiting plants).

-Cinmatographe Lumire at the Institut

Lumire in Lyon, France-

The first eleven years of motion pictures show the cinema moving from a novelty to
an established large-scale entertainment industry. The films represent a movement
from films consisting of one shot, completely made by one person with a few
assistants, towards films several minutes long consisting of several shots, which were
made by large companies in something like industrial conditions.
The year 1900 conveniently marks the emergence of the first motion pictures that
can be considered as 'films' at this point, film-makers begin to introduce basic editing
techniques and film narrative.

During late 1927, Warners released The Jazz Singer, which
was mostly silent but contained what is generally regarded as
the first synchronized dialogue (and singing) in a feature film;
but this process was actually accomplished first by Charles
Taze Russell in 1914 with the lengthy film The Photo-Drama
of Creation. This drama consisted of picture slides and
moving pictures synchronized with phonograph records of
talks and music.


-A production scene from the 1950 Hollywood film Julius

Caesar starring Charlton Heston.-

During the 1960s, the studio system in Hollywood
declined, because many films were now being made on
location in other countries, or using studio facilities abroad,
such as Pinewood in the UK and Cinecitt in Rome.
"Hollywood" films were still largely aimed at family audiences,
and it was often the more old-fashioned films that produced
the studios' biggest successes. Productions like Mary
Poppins (1964), My Fair Lady (1964) and The Sound of
Music (1965) were among the biggest money-makers of the

The New Hollywood was the period following the decline
of the studio system during the 1950s and 1960s and the end
of the production code, (which was replaced in 1968 by the
MPAA film rating system). During the 1970s, filmmakers
showed gunfight and battle scenes that included graphic
images of bloody deaths a good example of this is Wes
Craven's The Last House on the Left (1972).

The early 1990s saw the development of a commercially
successful independent cinema in the United States.
Although cinema was increasingly dominated by specialeffects films such as Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991),
Jurassic Park (1993) and Titanic (1997), the latter of which
became the highest-grossing film of all time at the time up.

As of 2010, the largest film industries by number of
feature films produced are those of India, the United States,
China, Nigeria and Japan.