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vitami

ns
BY
T.S H IV A K U M A R
B .P H A R M (S H IVA .P H A R M A C IS T@ G M A IL.C O
M)

H ISTO RY
In ancient days vitamins are known

as vitamines i.e viatal amino acids.


But later they realised that all the
vitamins are not aminoacids.
Some vitamins are amino acids but
all the amino acids are not
viatamins.

Each vitamin has its own significant

historical background.
H.J. funk has coined the term
vitamns.
Even though vitamins are very less
in requirement but they play very
significant role in our body growth ,
and regulation of different metabolic
functions.

Introduction
Vitamins are the organic compounds

which enhance the metabolism of


protiens, carbohydrates and fats.
Without vitamins the breakdown of
food could not occur.
Certain vitamins are participate in
the formation of blood cells
hormones nervous system and
genetic material

Classifi
cation ofvitam ins
Based on the solubility. Vitamins

are devided into two types.


# fat soluble
# water soluble

W ATER SO LU BLE VITAM IN S


These are the vitamins, which are

soluble In the water and almost all


the water soluble vitamins are
available in water based food
materials(source)
The vitamins are
Vitamin-B
Vitamin-C

Fat soluble vitam ins


All the fat soluble vitamins are

available in fat containing food


materials and some vegetables.
(source).
The fat soluble vitamins are
Vitamin-A
Vitamin-D
Vitamin-E
Vitamin-K

The follow ing slides explains


about
1-synonym (chemical/scientific

name)
2-source

3-deficiency diseases.

FAT SO LU BLE VITAM IN S


Vitam in-A
1.Retinol,anti xerophtholmic vitamin.
2.codliver oil,fish,carrots.
3.nyctalopia(night
blindness),xeroptholmia.

Vitam in-D
1.calciferol, sunshine vitamin.
2.egg,soyabeans,codliver
oil,sunlight(partial).

3.rickets,osteomalacia.

Vitam in-E
1.Tocopherol,.
2.meat,tomatoes,sunflower
oil,vegetables

3.Mild haemolytic anaemia

Vitam in-K
1.anti sterity vitamin, Anti

haemorragic vitamin
2.spinach,egg yolk,liver.
3.Impaired Blood Clotting,sterility

W ATER SO LU BLE VITAM IN S


VITAM IN -C
1.ascorbic acid
2.All Citrous Fruits
3.scurvey

Vitam in-B
Vitamin b is usually called as b-

complex because ther are many subvitamins in vitamin B.


Another reason is the chemical
structure of b-vitamins are very
complicated to explain and their
complex nature brought the name as
b-complex(this is the well known
theory but there is no official
recognition of this reason just an

Vitam in-B1
1.thiamin
2.whole garains and legumes
3.beri-beri

Vitam in-B2
1.riboflavin
2.cheese,eggs,milk,yogurt.
3.fissures in the corners of the

mouth,inflammation of the tongue.

Vitam in-B3
1.niacin,nicotinic acid
2.peanuts,cereals,legulmes
3.pellagra,skin infections

Vitam in-B5
1.pantothenic acid
2.liver,kildney,dairy products.
3.parasthesia

Vitam in-B6
1.pyridoxine
2.banana,vegetables,fruits
3.convulsions in

infants,anaemia(because vit-b6 plays


an important role in the formation of
haemoglobin)

Vitam in-B7
1.biotin
2.raw eggs,egg yolk.
3.dermatitis,enteritis.

Vitam in-B9
1.folic acid
.fruits,green leafy vegetables
3.megaloblastic anaemia, birth

defects in new born babies(neural


tube defects)

Vitam in-B12
1.cyanacobalamine
2.liver and heart of ruminant animals
3.perinicious anaemia, megaloblastic

anaemia.

TH AK YO U

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