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ENTERING THE REALM

OF ANIMATION &
MULTIMEDIA

What is animation?
From Dictionary.com A motion
picture made by photographing
successive positions of inanimate
objects same as puppets or
mechanical parts.

ANIMATION TOOLS
Zoetrope invent in China, 180 AD
by Ting Huan, series of sequential
images in a revolving drum) A
zoetrope is a spinning device that
demonstrates how a series of
individual pictures, glimpsed by the
eye, are perceived as a fluid motion
picture.

Thaumatrope comes from the


Greek roots "Thauma" means magic
in Greek and "trope" refers to
something that turns. The
thaumatrope is somewhat magical
because it creates illusions
dependent on persistence of vision.

Phenakistoscope - The Spinning


Wonder, invented in 1831
simultaneously by Austrian Simon
von Stampfer and Belgian Joseph
Plateau. Includes simple drawings
moving simultaneously give the
effect of animation. As you spin the
Thaumatrope disc, you can see each
picture long enough to have two
images merge into one.

Flipbook - patented in 1868 by

John Linnet. It is a series of


sequential pictures which when
flipped at high speed creates an
illusion of motion.

Praxinoscope a more complicated


version of zoetrope invented by
Charles-Emile Reynaud which
included steady mirrors inside.

Magic lantern is considered as

the classic projector which


includes a simple lamp and
translucent oil painting which
projects larger image on a flat
surface

FORMS OF ANIMATIONS USED


TODAY

1. TRADITIONAL ANIMATION (also


called cel animation or handdrawn animation). The individual
frames of a traditionally animated
film are photographs of drawings,
which are first drawn on paper.

FORMS OF ANIMATIONS USED


TODAY

II. STOP ANIMATION - Used to describe


animation created by physically
manipulating real-world objects and
photographing them one frame of film at
a time to create the illusion of movement.
There are many different types of stopmotion animation, usually named after the
type of media used to create the
animation. Computer software is widely
available to create this type of animation.

FORMS OF ANIMATIONS USED


TODAY

III. Computer animation or cgI (computer


generated imagery)
Computer animation encompasses a variety of
techniques, the unifying factor being that the animation is
created digitally on a computer.
Computer Animation Category
2D
Utilized for image manipulation to create motion
3D
Usually applied to virtual world such as those created in
the movies Avatar, Toy Story and Beowulf. Involves the
desire to create places, animals and people as close to
real life as possible.

quiz

1. This was
made in China
by Ting Huan.

2. It was a toy
during the
Victorian era.

3. It was a technique
created before the
creation of the cartoon
based pictures

4. Is considered
as the classic
projector

5. It is a more
complicated version
of zoetrope invented
by Charles-Emile
Reynauld

6. This is an animation
technique wherein
objects are
photographed one
frame at a time by
changing its location
or action.

7. It is the technique of
creating animation or
moving images with
the use of computers.

8. This is usually
utilized for image
manipulation to
create motion.

9. Involves the desire


to create places,
animals and people
as close to real life

10. What is
animation?