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O S H

M A N A G E M E N T

OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEAL


TH MANAGEMENT

O S H

M A N A G E M E N T

What is an OSH Management


System
An OSH management system

rs

Components: PDCA
Purpose:
To ensure safety, health and welfare
To comply with regulation

*PDCA = Plan-Do-Check-Act

of worke

OSH-MS Components
Preventive
Preventive
and
and corrective
corrective
action,
action,
Continual
Continual
improvement
improvement

Polic
y

Act
Performance
measurement
; Accident /
incident
investigation;
Auditing

System
System
planning,
planning, OSH
OSH
objectives,
objectives,
development
development
and
and
implementati
implementati
on
on

Plan
Components

Chec
k

Do

Responsibility
Responsibility
and
and
accountability
accountability
;; Competence
Competence
and
and training,
training,
Hazard
Hazard
control
control
system
system

Existing OSH Management


System
OHSAS 18001

(Occupation Health and Safety Assessment Series )

This standard was established in 1999


Widely used and certifiable

WORK
PROCESS/FLOW

MS 1722
This standard was published in 2003
This is a guidance standard

Back to
school

OH&S Policy

Planning
Implementation and
operation
Checking and
corrective
action

OHSAS
18001
Model

Management
review
Continual
improvement

MS1722:2003 Management System Model

CONTINUAL
POLICY

IMPROVEMENT

ACTION

EVALUATION

ORGANIZING

PLANNING &
IMPLEMENT

O S H

M A N A G E M E N T

Why Do You Need a System


A system is useful when there are:
Many activities have to be managed together
A system provides order, structure, and

focuses on the purpose and objective of activities


Complex information that are changing have to be t
aken into account at all times

O S H

M A N A G E M E N T

JAWATANKUASA KESELAMATAN
& KESIHATAN
KEHENDAK PERUNDANGAN
Seksyen 30- OSHA 94:majikan yang mempunyai 40
(atau lebih) orang pekerja , atau majikan yang
diarahkan oleh Ketua Pengarah Jabatan
Keselamatan dan Kesihatan Pekerjaan
(DOSH), untuk menubuhkan satu Jawatankuasa
Keselamatan dan Kesihatan di tempat kerja yang
berkenaan.

O S H

M A N A G E M E N T

OBJEKTIF
Untuk meningkatkan kerjasama dan permesyuarahan di
antara majikan dan pekerja didalam meningkatkan
keselamatan dan kesihatan di tempat kerja
Untuk mengadakan saluran komunikasi dua-hala yang
menyalurkan maklumat yang bersangkutan keselamatan
dan kesihatan pekerjaan
Untuk meningkatkan minat dan motivasi semua
kumpulan pengurusan dan pekerja didalam isu
berkenaan keselamatan dan kesihatan pekerjaan

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O S H

M A N A G E M E N T

SAFETY AND HEALTH


COMMITTEE
Duty of employer to set up a safety
committee if more than 40 workers
are employed
Composition of the committee
CHAIRMAN

SECRETARY

WORKERS
REPS

MANAGEMENT
REPS

LESS THAN 100 EMPLOYEES : MINIMUM 2 REPS EACH


MORE THAN 100 EMPLOYEES : MINIMUM 4 REPS EACH
LET ALL SECTIONS BE REPRESENTED, INCLUDING WORKSHOP.
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O S H

M A N A G E ME N T

APPOINTMENT OF CHAIRMAN AND SECRE


TARY OF COMMITTEE
CHAIRMAN an employer or his authorized mana

ger

SECRETARY safety and health officer or appointe

d by the chairman or appointed among the memb


ers

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O S H

M A N A G E M E N T

APPOINTMENT OF OTHER MEMBERS OF C


OMMITTEE
EMPLOYER REPRESENTATIVES appointed by empl

oyer

EMPLOYEES REPRESENTATIVES selected by worker

s or appointed by employer

Note: Employer shall not penalize a member of the comm


ittee in any manner for being absent from his normal d
uties at work while carrying out the functions of the co
mmittee

O S H

M A N A G E M E N T

FUNCTIONS OF COMMITTEE
Review the S&H policies at the place of work a

nd make recommendations to the employer fo


r any revision of such policies
Inspect the workplace at least once in every 3
months and recommended preventive and cor
rective measures
Discuss reports and matters from safety office
r, enforcement officers, etc.
Practices and recommend corrective actions
Assist to organize promotional activities

O S H

M A N A G E M E N T

FUNCTIONS OF COMMITTEE
Early circulation of agenda and discussion papers
Minutes circulated soon, not later than 2 weeks af

ter meeting

Minutes kept for 7 years for purposes of inspectio

n by an OSH officer

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O S H

M A N A G E M E N T

EFFECTIVE MANAGEMENT OF OSH


Management commitment
Policy, Plans & Procedures (PDCA)
Consultation
Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment and Contr

ol (HIRARC)
Training

O S H

M A N A G E M E N T

SAFE SYSTEM OF WORK


PTW (PERMIT TO WORK)
SOP (STANDARD OPERATION PROCEDURE)
Flow Chart / Check list
Audit / Workplace inspection

O S H

M A N A G E M E N T

PERMIT KERJA (PERMIT TO WORK)


Permit Untuk Bekerja sentiasa diperlukan untuk menjalankan kerja-kerja
ditempat tertentu bagi mengelakkan kemalangan dari berlaku yang boleh
mengganggu operasi loji.
Permit Utama (Panas/ sejuk) Hot/ Cold Work
- Sijil kelulusan kerja diperlukan untuk sebarang kerja yang hendak
dilakukan di kawasan tersebut
Sijil Sokongan
- Untuk kerja yang berbahaya kerja yang memerlukan peraturan
dan pengawalan khas yang lebih ketat tidak cukup dengan hanya
permit
kelulusan kerja; ia perlu disokong oleh sijil tambahan yang diluluskan
terlebih dahulu oleh pihak yang berkenaan selain dari penyelia tempat
kerja tersebut.
- Misalnya permit untuk hazard/api (ruang terkurung, kerja panas),
permit untuk mengorek, permit untuk kerja radiasi, permit untuk
membaiki jalan, permit untuk kerja elektrik dll

O S H

M A N A G E M E N T

PERATURAN KERJA SELAMAT


(SOP)
SOP adalah merupakan satu kaedah
pentadbiran yang menyediakan
panduan dan cara yang selamat
untuk melakukan sesuatu kerja dan
mencegah dari perlakuan yang tidak
selamat.

SOP memberi panduan menyeluruh


bagi setiap langkah, bagaimana
hendak melaksanakan kerja /
menggunakan alat tertentu dengan
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O S H

M A N A G E M E N T

CONTOH SOP

CARA MENGGUNAKAN PANCUTAN AIR TEKANAN TINGGI

1 Pastikan sambungan paip kuat dan tidak mudah tanggal.


2. Jangan tinggalkan mesin (pump) semasa ia masih berjalan/berope
rasi.
3. Operator pump menghidupkan enjin hanya setelah diarah oleh op
erator pancutan.
4. Pastikan alat pancutan dalam keadaan baik dan tidak bengkok, se
belum digunakan.
5. Jangan pijak paip dan alat-alat lain.
6. Perhatikan hazad yang boleh menjatuhkan seperti sesuatu yang b
oleh tersepak atau tersangkut kaki, ditempat kerja tersebut.
7. Gunakan cara mengangkat yang betul untuk memindahkan peralat
an.
8. Setelah digunakan, mesin hendaklah dicuci bersih.
9. Pastikan semua injap keselamatan (dead man shut-off valves) berf
ungsi dengan baik.
10. Elakkan mesin berat menghimpit paip pancutan.
11. Jangan arahkan paip pancutan ke arah tempat orang lain bekerja.
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12. Pastikan rantai keselamatan di ikat pada tempatnya
.

O S H

M A N A G E M E N T

PEMERIKSAAN DI TEMPAT
KERJA

PERATURAN JAWATANKUASA
KESELAMATAN DAN KESIHATAN
MENGHENDAKI PEMERIKSAAN
KESELAMATAN DAN KESIHATAN DI
TEMPAT KERJA PERLU DILAKUKAN
SETIAP TIGA BULAN SEKALI

O S H

M A N A G E M E N T

PEMERIKSAAN DI TEMPAT
SIAPA PERLU MELAKUKANNYA ?
KERJA

Ahli Jawatankuasa Keselamatan, Pegawai


Keselamatan, Pasukan Pemeriksa Khas

BAGAIMANA? :
Gunakan senarai semak yang disediakan khas
untuk tujuan tersebut
KEKERAPAN?:
Sekurang-kurang nya sekali setiap tiga bulan
LAPORAN?:
Mesti disediakan dan diserahkan kepada
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pengurusan

O S H

M A N A G E M E N T

Assessing Training Needs


Begin the assessment by establishing:
Aims and objectives of training
Time scale
Level at which training is required
Conduct a training needs analysis:
Identify job to be done and skill required
Analyse skill which individuals already have
Identify skills gaps
Train to cover the shortfall
Training is required and has to be planned to be effective.
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O S H

M A N A G E M E N T

Levels Of Training
Awareness
General
Specific
Skills
Competencies