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Quality Tool

Cause and Effect


Diagrams
A method for the identification of the root cause of a problem.

Fishbone Diagram
Purpose: Graphical representation of the trail leading to the root cause
of a problem
How is it done?
Decide which quality characteristic, outcome or effect you want to
examine
Backbone draw straight line
Ribs categories
Medium size bones secondary causes
Small bones root causes

Cause And Effect Layout:


Method

Man
Sub-Cause

Sub-Cause

Sub-Cause
Effect
Sub-Cause
Materials

Sub-Cause
Machines

Sub-Cause

Cause & Effect


Diagrams
Benefits:
Breaks problems down into bite-size pieces to
find root cause
Fosters team work
Common understanding of factors causing the
problem
Road map to verify picture of the process

Cause & Effect Diagrams Example


Materials

Manpower
Typos

Source info incorrect


Wrong source info

Didnt follow proc.


Po
t
or

Wrong purchase order

g
in
in
ra

Dyslexic
Transposition

Glare on display

Temp.
Environment

No training

Corrupt data

No procedure

No communications
Software problem
Methods

Machine

Keyboard sticks

Incorrect
shipping
documents