31 views

Uploaded by Michael Damian

MATH

- Definitions and Graphs of Trigonometric Functions
- resultant of coplanar forces
- 92811589 Mechanical and Metal Trades Handbook
- Jee Main 2013 Question Paper with solution.pdf
- WJEC 2014 C4 Maths
- + Exact sin cos values in increments of 3 degrees
- Trigonometry
- Cape Unit 1 Pure Math Past Exam Papers (2003)
- 9801_AEA_Maths_rep_20090820_UA021532.pdf
- IBM Computation Seminar Dec49
- Math Assessment 1
- Trigonometry
- Triogonometry Class XI
- Trignometry Basic
- May_2009.pdf
- 2009 Annual
- Trigonometry Part 1
- Trigo Prob
- ch2_112_115
- Sample Qs

You are on page 1of 62

Chance favors

only the prepared

mind

Louis Pasteur (1822 - 1895)

Trigonometry

1.1 Plane Angle & Angle Measurements

1.2 Solution to Right Triangles

1.3 The Six Trigonometric Functions

1.4 Solution to Oblique Triangles

1.5 Area of Triangles

1.6 Trigonometric Identities

1.7 Inverse Trigonometric Functions

1.8 Spherical Trigonometry

A plane angle is determined by rotating a ray (half-line)

about its endpoint called vertex.

Conversion Factors:

1 revolution = 360 degrees

= 2 radians

= 400 gradians

= 6400 mils

Types of Angles

counterclockwise is

A. -835

C. -810

B. 805

D. 810

Conversion Factors:

1 revolution = 360 degrees

= 2 radians

= 400 gradians

= 6400 mils

Q-2

4800 mils

__________degrees.

is

equivalent

A. 135

C. 235

B. 270

D. 142

Conversion Factors:

1 revolution = 360 degrees

= 2 radians

= 400 gradians

= 6400 mils

to

circumference of a circle is called:

A. degree

C. radian

B. mil

D. grad

Conversion Factors:

1 revolution = 360 degrees

= 2 radians

= 400 gradians

= 6400 mils

supplement is 152.

A. 28

C. 118

B. 62

D. 38

the supplement. Find the angle. [ECE Board

Nov.2002]

A. 67.5 degrees

C. 135 degrees

B. 108 degrees

D. 58.5 degrees

coterminal angle , respectively of 135.

A. -45, -225

B. -45, 225

C. 45, 225

D. 45, -225

that have the same absolute

values for their trigonometric

functions. The acute angle is the

reference angle.

Ex. 20, 160, 200, 340

Right Triangles

In a right triangle, the square of the length

of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of

the squares of the lengths of the legs

c 2 = a2 + b2

Note:

In any triangle, the sum of any two sides must be

greater than the third side; otherwise no triangle can

be formed.

If,

c 2 a2 b2 The triangle is obtuse

c 2 a2 b2 The triangle is acute

Trigonometric Functions

opposite

o

hypotenuse h

adjacent

a

cos

hypotenuse h

opposite

o

tan

adjacent

a

sin

SOH-CAH-TOA

adjacent

a

opposite

o

hypotenuse h

sec

adjacent

a

hypotenuse h

csc

opposite

o

c ot

Sine Functions

sin

opposite

o

hypotenuse h

180 m and 190 m. This lot is to be divided by a

line bisecting the longest side and drawn from

the opposite vertex. Find the length of this line.

median

A. 120 m

1

2 side 2 2side 2 opposite 2

2

B. 130 m

C. 122 m

D. 125 m

Angle Bisector bisects angle

(Intersection: INCENTER)

tower from a point 40 m. from its base is the

complement of the angle of elevation of the

same tower at a point 120 m. from it. What is

the height of the tower?

A. 59.7

C. 69.3

B. 28.5

D. 47.6

90

the hypotenuse is 10 cm longer that the other

leg. Find the length of the hypotenuse.

A. 10

C. 25

B. 15

D. 20

top of a tower to be 30 degrees. He walks 85

m nearer the tower and finds its angle of

elevation to be 60 degrees. What is the height

of the tower ? [ECE Board Apr. 1998]

A. 76.31 m

C. 73.16 m

B. 73.31 m

D. 73.61 m

30

30

60

Oblique Triangles

The Sine Law

a

b

c

When to use Sine Law:

Given two angles and any side.

Given two sides and an angle opposite one of them .

S tandard Form :

F a b c 2bc CosA

2

F b2 a2 c 2 2ac CosB

F c 2 b2 c 2 2bc cosC

Alternative Form :

b2 c 2 a2

cos A

2bc

a2 c 2 b2

cosB

2ac

a2 b2 c 2

cosC

2ab

Given three sides

Given two sides and their included angle

Q-11

In a triangle, find the side c if

angle C = 100 , side b = 20 and side a =

15

A. 28

C. 29

B. 27

D. 26

a straight highway running east and west. From

A , the bearing of a tower C is 32 degrees W of N

and from B the bearing of C is 26 degrees N of E

. Approximate the shortest distance of tower C to

the highway. [ECE Board Apr. 1998:]

A. 364 m

C. 394 m

B. 374 m

D. 384 m

level plane . The angles of depression of the top

and bottom of the monument viewed from the

top of the

PLDT tower are 13 and 35

respectively. The height of the tower is 50 m.

Find the height of the monument.

A. 33.51 m

C. 47.30 m

B. 7.58 m

D. 30.57 m

13

35

50

Area of Triangles

right angle. BC = 4 and the altitude to the

hypotenuse is 1 unit. Find the area of the

triangle. ECE Board Apr.2001:

A. 2.0654 sq. u.

C.1.0654 sq. u.

B. 3.0654 sq. u.

D.4.0654 sq. u.

34, side a is 29 cm, and side b is 40 cm.

Solve for the area of the triangle.

A. 324.332 cm2

B. 344.146 cm2

C. 317.15 cm2

D. 343.44 cm2

that one side of the triangle is the diameter of a

circle. If one of the acute angles of the triangle

measures 60 degrees and the side opposite that

angle has length 15, what is the area of the

circle? ECE Board Nov. 2002

A. 175.15

C. 235.62

B. 223.73

D. 228.61

and 14 cm. Determine the radius of the

inscribed and circumscribing circle.

A. 3.45, 7.14

C. 2.45, 8.14

B. 2.45, 7.14

D. 3.45, 8.14

altitude of one triangle is 3 cm more than its base

while the altitude of the other is 3 cm less than its

base. Find the length of the longer altitude if the

areas of the triangle differ by 21 square

centimeters.

A. 10

C. 14

B. 20

D. 15

Reciprocal relation :

1

? sin u

?

csc u

cos u

1

sec u

tanu

Trigonometric Identities

Quotient relation

?

tanu

sin u

cos u

Pythagorean relation

?

sin2 u cos2 u 1

? sin u v sin u cos v cos u sin v

?

? tan u v

tan u tan v

1 mtanu tan v

? sin 2u 2 sinu cos u

?

cos 2u 2 cos 2 u 1

tan 2u

2 tanu

1 tan2 u

1

cot u

The Inverse Sine Function

y = arc sin x iff sin y = x

The Inverse Cosine Function

y = arc cos x iff cos y = x

The Inverse Tangent Function

y = arc tan x iff tan y = x

angle A in degrees

A. 5 degrees

C. 3 degrees

B. 6 degrees

D. 7 degrees

COFUNCTION RELATIONS

cos sin(90o )

sec csc 90

o

SOLUTION:

1

sec 2 A

sin13 A

1

1

cos 2 A sin13 A

sin13 A cos 2 A

cofunction

sin13 A sin 90 2 A

13 A 90 2 A

A6

Simplify the expression

4 cos y sin y (1 2 sin2y).

A. sec 2y

C. tan 4y

B. cos 2y

D. sin 4y

2 tan

tan 2

1 tan 2

cos 2 cos 2 sin 2 1 2sin 2 2 cos 2 1

4 cos y sin y 1 2sin 2 y

2sin 2 y cos 2 y

sin 4 y

If sin A = 2.511x , cos A = 3.06x and sin 2A

= 3.939x , find the value of x?

A. 0.265

C. 0.562

B. 0.256

D. 0.625

Q-22

Solve for x if tan 3x = 5 tanx

A. 20.705

C. 15.705

B. 30.705

D. 35.705

3 tan tan 3

tan 3

1 3 tan 2

tan 3 x 5 tan x

3 tan x tan 3 x

5 tan x

2

1 3 tan x

3 tan x tan 3 x 5 tan x 15 tan 3 x

14 tan 2 x 2 tan x

2

2

tan x

14

x 20.705

what is the value of x?

ECE Nov. 2003

A. 1/6

C.1/5

B. 1/3

D.1/4

arctan 2 x arctan 3 x 45

let , tan A 2 x; tan B 3 x

SUBSTITUTE

arctan tan A arctan tan B 45

A B 45

tan A B 45

tan A B tan 45

tan A tan B

tan 45

1 tan A tan B

SUBSTITUTE

2 x 3x

1

1 2 x 3x

6 x2 5x 1 0

x 0.1666 & 1

Spherical Trigonometry

The study of properties of spherical triangles

and their measurements.

Conversion Factors

1 minute of arc 1 nautical mile

1 nautical mile 6080 ft.

1 nautical mile 1.1516 statue mile

1 statue mile 5280 ft.

1 knot 1 nautical mile per hour

The Terrestrial

Sphere

Spherical Triangle

A spherical triangle is the triangle enclosed by arcs of three great

circles of a sphere.

Sum of Three vertex angle :

A B C 180

A B C 540

Sum of any two sides :

bc a

ac b

ab c

Sum of three sides :

0 a b c 360

Spherical Excess :

E A B C 180

Spherical Defect :

D 360 a b c

SPHERICAL TRIANGLES:

Law of sines:

Law of cosines (FOR SIDES):

cos b cos a cos c sin a sin c cos B

cos c cos a cos b sin a sin b cos C

50, c = 80, and an angle C = 90. Find the

third side b of the triangle in degrees.

A. 75.33 degrees

C. 74.33 degrees

B. 77.25 degrees

D. 73.44 degrees

cos 80 cos 50 cos b sin 50 sin b cos 90

0.1736 0.6428cos b 0

b 74.33

A=B=64 degrees, and side b=81 degrees .

What is the value of angle C?

A. 144

26 '

B. 135 10 '

C. 120 15'

D. 150

25'

cos B cos A cos C sin A sin C cos b

cos C cos A cos B sin A sin B cos c

cos B cos A cos C sin A sin C cos b

cos 64 cos(64) cos C sin 64sin C cos81

0.4384 0.4384 cos C 0.1406sin C

SUBSTITUTE

0.4384 0.4384 cos(144o26 ') 0.1406sin 144o26 '

0.4384 0.4384

END...

- Definitions and Graphs of Trigonometric FunctionsUploaded byJonathan Jontarciego Santos
- resultant of coplanar forcesUploaded byapi-248483124
- 92811589 Mechanical and Metal Trades HandbookUploaded byHiban Achmad
- Jee Main 2013 Question Paper with solution.pdfUploaded byFirdosh Khan
- WJEC 2014 C4 MathsUploaded byphilgiddyboy
- + Exact sin cos values in increments of 3 degreesUploaded bynorbeck
- TrigonometryUploaded byfast_jack
- Cape Unit 1 Pure Math Past Exam Papers (2003)Uploaded byKandice Fyffe
- 9801_AEA_Maths_rep_20090820_UA021532.pdfUploaded byHAC83
- IBM Computation Seminar Dec49Uploaded bykgrhoads
- Math Assessment 1Uploaded byJohn-Michael Kuczynski
- TrigonometryUploaded bynaddy noh
- Triogonometry Class XIUploaded byMukeshGupta
- Trignometry BasicUploaded byRAJENDRA GAJULA
- May_2009.pdfUploaded byPrudhvi Vuda
- 2009 AnnualUploaded byasees_abid
- Trigonometry Part 1Uploaded byOO O OO
- Trigo ProbUploaded byRaymund
- ch2_112_115Uploaded byMichael Wong
- Sample QsUploaded byBalaji
- Trigonometry Lecture Notes_part2Uploaded byY D Amon Ganzon
- 04.docxUploaded byAnonymous 4Xra9m
- M1271-TrigLimits_000Uploaded byfoxyweb
- 29 chapter29 530-545Uploaded byapi-258749062
- 2012.1Uploaded byTrivedi Kinchit
- 4037_s10_qp_13Uploaded bymstudy123456
- out_6Uploaded byeka
- Add_forces_par_law.pdfUploaded byJam Ul Gee
- seno de 18°.pdfUploaded byAngel Leandro
- Fourier ConvergenceUploaded bysantosh_raju

- Combinations and ProbabilityUploaded byMichael Damian
- Physics - 01Uploaded byMichael Damian
- algebra 2.docxUploaded byMichael Damian
- ALgebra TipqcUploaded byMichael Damian
- Differential Calculus 2Uploaded byAnonymous ktESLM3Td
- algebra 4.docxUploaded byMichael Damian
- algebra 5.docxUploaded byMichael Damian
- algebra 3Uploaded byMichael Damian
- Integral CalculusUploaded byMichael Damian
- Analytic GeometryUploaded byMichael Damian
- Plane GeometryUploaded byMichael Damian
- Differential EquationsUploaded byMichael Damian
- Differential CalculusUploaded byMichael Damian
- Prayer For Board ExamUploaded byMichael Damian
- Solid GeometryUploaded byMichael Damian
- Spherical TrigonometryUploaded byMichael Damian
- How to Pass ECE Board ExamUploaded byMichael Damian
- 3G LAWSUploaded byMichael Damian
- ChemistryUploaded byMichael Damian
- algebra 1Uploaded byMichael Damian
- Advance MathUploaded byMichael Damian
- Resonance and FiltersUploaded byMichael Damian
- Electronic NoiseUploaded byMichael Damian
- writing-guidelines.docxUploaded byMichael Damian

- Resource for Gender EqualityUploaded byTeachers Without Borders
- The Holy Quran on the Frontal InterlopeUploaded byhaitham
- Notable QuotationsUploaded byPhilip A. Senessie
- Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder: Case StudyUploaded byMahnoor Shah Bukhari
- 48965800 Orthognathic Surgery Oral SurgeryUploaded byMariam Tariq
- The Final Proposal of Rabindranath Tagore Env Thinking2_26!6!2015Uploaded byNayeem Sazzad
- Random Walk 1-D and 2-DUploaded byAndri 'xflash' Rahmadhani
- Jessica Elgersma Research ReportUploaded byJessica Elgersma
- Top 10 Inner Game Sticking Points with Women -- And How to Overcome Them - AMP (Authentic Man Program)Uploaded bybbayer
- avantUploaded bytonywai
- PedoUploaded byAndrea Law
- Cogan, Mordechai-Imperialism and Religion_ Assyria, Judah and Israel in the 8th and 7th Centuries B.C.-Society of Biblical Literature and.pdfUploaded byPaul Haegeman
- chicagobbUploaded byjpnietols
- JMA9900 Instruction ManualUploaded byAndres Santiago Pulla Mendieta
- OverTheOverflow WorkbookUploaded byBlaga MIhai Raul
- Experiment 2 Lab Report CorrectedUploaded byLydia Bumm
- Agrarian Week 1 DigestsUploaded byEmmanuel Ortega
- 0018 Ipm Pro Pu Vlp GenerationUploaded byRahul Saraf
- 03-echu03eUploaded bySyafaruddin Marpaung
- Second Language Acquisition and Sociolinguistic VariationUploaded bynoblemien
- AssymptoteUploaded bysanand11
- Consenso ADA EASDUploaded byManuel Guerrero Gutierrez
- The Five Mindfulness TrainingsUploaded byKanneryBosch
- narnia essay notesUploaded bybouliay
- AUSS 2002 1001-V40-02__B.pdfUploaded byJared Nun Barrenechea Baca
- Cost Management Chapter 11 SolutionUploaded byMarcel Rivaldy
- Boredom in the ClassroomUploaded byAudrey Dela Cruz
- CVAKUploaded byajayaksingh_au
- post observation reflection elm 375Uploaded byapi-355029253
- Effect of Drying Conditions and Plasticizer Type on Some Physical and Mechanical Properties of Amaranth Flour Films 2013 LWT Food Science and TechnoloUploaded byAnonymous vVsidh3n