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Kaizen

Presentation by :
Syed Amir Ali
150123

Quality
Subjective meaning depends on
who
is
defining
it.(highperformance, long-life)
Competitive priority - focus on the
dimensions , customers consider
important.
Quality as a competitive priority:
-High-performance design.
-Goods and service consistency.

Product

design

quality

and

Kaizen
Implemented in several Japanese businesses
during the country's recovery after World War
II.
Carrying out small improvements in large
numbers with total employee involvement, on a
continuous basis.
Kai means change, and Zen means good
( for the better ). Basically kaizen is for small
improvements, but carried out on a continual
basis and involve all people in the organization.

Kaizen
A Kaizen is a small improvement that is made
by those who do the work.
It is a small, low-cost, low-risk improvement that
can be easily implemented.
Kaizen is an ongoing methodology and
philosophy for challenging and empowering
everyone in the organization to use their
creative ideas to improve their daily work.
Kaizen is about changing the way things are. If you assume that
things are all right the way they are, you cant do Kaizen. So
change something! Taiichi Ohno
Co-creator of the Toyota Production System

Kaizen-contd.
Kaizen is opposite to big spectacular
innovations.
The principle behind is that a very large
number of small improvements are more
effective
in
an
organizational
environment than a few improvements of
large value.
This pillar is aimed at reducing losses in
the workplace that affect our efficiencies.

Hierarchy in Kaizen

Pillars of Kaizen
M. Imai says the tree pillars of Kaizen
are:
Housekeeping.
Waste elimination.
Standardization.

House keeping- Five S


GEMBA the real place where each
employee works, the place where we
add value indeed.
Five S first letters of Japanese
words, five practises leading to a
clean and manageable work area.
Seiri, Seiton, Seiso, Seiketsu and
Shitsuke.
Organisation,
tidiness,
purity,
cleanliness, discipline

5-S

MUDA

MUDA/Waste elimination
Over-production Waste - occurs when products are
produced at a faster rate than is required. Causes may be a
lack of communication, anticipating demand, poor
scheduling, and production management.
Excessive Inventory Waste is any inventory that is
more than what the customer ordered. Inventory that sits
in storage areas waiting for an order is a waste of material,
money tied up, and the use of valuable factory space.
Transportation Wastes such as unnecessary handling
or movement of materials, numerous storage areas, and
excessive moving equipment.

Time Delays Waste - machine wait time or human


wait time contributes to waste within a company.
Processing Errors - are wastes that occur during
the process manufacturing stage. They can be human
error, machine-caused defects or quality problems.
Corrections/Defects/Rework Waste - the time it
takes to correct, inspect, scrap or rework is a major
waste that must be avoided.
Excess Motion Waste - any unnecessary human
bending, reaching, walking or
movement during a
manufacturing process is a waste such as looking for
tools and material too far from work areas.

Standardization
Set by management but should
change when environment changes.
Companies can achiever dramatic
improvements by reviewing the
standards periodically. Collecting and
analysing data on defects, and
encouraging the teams to conductproblem solving activities.

PlanDoStudyAct Cycle
Describes activities a company needs to
perform
in
order
to
incorporate
continuous improvement in its operation.
Shewhart cycle or the Deming wheel.
A never-ending process.
Note that this is a cycle; the next step is
to plan again. After we have acted, we
need to continue evaluating the process,
planning, and repeating the cycle again.

PDSA cycle
Plan Managers must evaluate the current process and make
plans based on any problems they find. They need to document
all current procedures, collect data, and identify problems.
Do -The next step in the cycle is implementing the plan (do).
Document all changes made and collect data for evaluation.
Study -the data collected in the previous phase. The data are
evaluated to see whether the plan is achieving the goals
established in the plan phase.
Act - on the basis of the results of the first three phases. The best
way to accomplish this is to communicate the results to other
members of the company and then implement the new procedure
if it has been successful.

Five golden rules of the Kaizen


management
When a problem first occurs, go to
GEMBA.
Check GEMBATSU unconformable
product.
Take temporary measure on the spot.
Find the main cause (use the five-W
Questions).
Standardize to prevent reoccurrence.

Kaizens Event Purpose


The purpose for holding a Kaizen event is
basically to identify waste in a
manufacturing
process
and
to
eliminate
it,
thereby
improving
production.
A Kaizen event is Team Oriented, as it
gathers the managers, operators, and
owners of a process in a specific place to
analyse, and map out the existing
methods of the operation.

Once the event has been completed, it is the team leaders


responsibility to:
put the hard copy of the final presentation together and to
circulate it to team members, management, and anyone else who
requires a copy.
The follow-up to the event - He or she should organize a meeting
where all team members and other concerned parties may review
the results of the Kaizen and discuss further changes that can
improve a future Kaizen blitz.
The team leader must prepare a personal report, outlining his or her
experiences for the Kaizen including successes and failures.
This report should be made available to any future Kaizen Team
Leaders for review before they embark on Kaizen journeys.

Implementation
Identify specific point for improvement in ones own work
area.
Analyse the root cause of the problem and develop
solution.
Implement the kaizen and quantify benefits.
Standardise the improvement through proper
documentation.
See if there is scope for horizontal deployment. Deploy
horizontally if applicable.
Fill in the improvements in the standard format and
submit for evaluation.