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ELEMENTS OF

URBAN DESIGN
ARCH 433

PLANNING 02

FUNDAMENTALS OF URBAN AND COMMUNITY ARCHITECTURE

ACOSTA, JOHN ELLIS A.


AGUILAR, JANELLE ANN T.
ALA, RUSSEL LOWELL C.
BABON, KIO ZAMANTHA C.
BS ARCHITECTURE 4A

WHAT IS URBAN DESIGN?

Urban design is concerned with the arrangement,


appearance and function of our suburbs, towns and cities.

It is both a process and an outcome of creating localities in


which people live, engage with each other, and engage
with the physical place around them.

Itinvolves the design and coordination of all that makes up


cities and towns.

ELEMENTS OF URBAN DESIGN

BUILDINGS

PUBLIC SPACES

STREETS

TRANSPORT

LANDSCAPE

#ELEMENTSOFURBANDESIGN

BUILDINGS

#ELEMENTSOFURBANDESIGN

BUILDINGS
Buildings are the most
pronounced elements of
urban design

BUILDINGS
they shape and articulate space
by forming the street walls of the
city.

Well-designed buildings and groups of buildings


work together to create a sense of place.

examples

RESIDENTIAL Bldgs.
these are structures where people dwell.

COMMMERCIAL BLDGS.
Asiatown IT Park, Cebu City
Calyx Centre (left) and RMDA Office Building
(right)

INSTITUTIONAL BLDG.
Chong Hua Hospital, Cebu City

EDUCATIONAL BLDG.
University of San Carlos Main Campus, Cebu
City

GOVERNMENT bldg.
One example is the Tacloban City Hall, the
administrative building of the city.

INDUSTRIAL BLDG.

#ELEMENTSOFURBANDESIGN

PUBLIC SPACES

#ELEMENTSOFURBANDESIGN

PUBLIC SPACES
Great public spaces are the
living room of the city - the place
where people come together to
enjoy the city and each other.

PUBLIC SPACEs

Public

spaces make high quality life in the city


possible - they form the stage and backdrop to
the drama of life.

Public

spaces range from grand central plazas


and squares, to small, local neighborhood parks.

examples

ST. PETER SQUARE


Located directly in front of St. Peters Basilica in
Vatican City.

TIMES SQUARE
New Yorks famous city square, Times Square is
located at the junction of Broadway and Seventh
Avenue and stretching from West 42nd to West
47th Streets.

PLAZA MAYOR
The best known plaza in Madrid, Spain, this
impressive city square is one of the main
stops on any tourist visit.

MANILA BAYWALK
Located at Roxas Boulevard, this baywalk
catches the beautiful view of the sunset.

STREETS

#ELEMENTSOFURBANDESIGN

#ELEMENTSOFURBANDESIGN

STREETS
These are the connections
between spaces and places, as
well as being spaces
themselves.
They are defined by their physical
dimension and character as well as
the size, scale, and character of the
buildings that line them.

STREETS

The pattern of the street


network is part of what defines
a city and what makes each city
unique.

examples

STREETS
EXAMPLES

Main street
It is usually a focal point forshopsand retailers in the central business
district, and is most often used in reference to retailing and socializing.
The term is commonly used in Scotland and the United States, and less often
in Canada, Australia and Ireland.

STREETS
EXAMPLES

HIGH street
Frequently used for thestreet name of the primary businessstreet
oftownsorcities, especially in theUnited Kingdom andCommonwealth of
Nations.

STREETS
EXAMPLES

FORE street
Often used for the mainSTREETof a town or village. Usage is almost entirely
confined to the SOUTH WEST OF ENGLND. There is also a Fore Street
inPORTLAND, MAINE, UNITED STATES, presumably named by colonists from
SW England.

STREETS
EXAMPLES

OVERPASS
In the US, anoverpass is normally a bridge for motor
vehicles to pass over other road or rail traffic.

STREETS
EXAMPLES

OVERPASS
It would introduce confusion to call a pedestrian bridge or
footbridge an overpass.

STREETS
EXAMPLES

ANOTHER EXAMPLE OF OVERPASS

STREETS
EXAMPLES

SKYWAY
Skywayis usually used in the US for long or high bridges
for traffic.

STREETS
EXAMPLES

SKYWAY
Example of skyway

STREETS
EXAMPLES

freeway

STREETS

BOULEVARD
a type of large ROAD, usually running through a city.

STREETS

boulevard
Multilanearterial thoroughfare, divided with a median down the center, and
perhaps with roadways along each side designed as slow travel and parking
lanes and for bicycle and pedestrian usage, often with an above-average
quality oflandscapingand scenery.

STREETS

BOULEVARD

STREETS

avenue

is traditionally a straight route with a line oftreesor largeshrubsru


along each side

STREETS

ESPLANADE
Anesplanadeis a long, open, level area, usually next to a river or large body
of water, where people may walk.
InNORTH AMERICA, anesplanademay often refer to aMEDIAN or the strip
of raised land dividing a roadway or boulevard.

STREETS

alley

a narrow passageway between or behind


buildings.

alley

A narrow street between the fronts of houses or


businesses. This type of alley is found in the older
parts of many cities, including American cities
likePHILADELPHIA AND BOSTON.

STREETS

alley

It can refer to a narrow, usually paved, pedestrian


path, often between the walls of buildings in towns
and cities.

#ELEMENTSOFURBANDESIGN

TRANSPORT

TRANSPORT

Transport systems connect the parts of cities and help


shape them, and enable movement throughout the city.

They include road, rail, bicycle, and pedestrian networks,


and together form the total movement system of a city.

TRANSPORT
The balance of these various transport systems is
what helps define the quality and character of
cities, and makes them either friendly or hostile to
pedestrians.

TRANSPORT
The best cities are the ones that elevate
the experience of the pedestrian while
minimizing the dominance of the private
automobile.

examples

Train
A train is a form of rail transport consisting of a series of vehicles that
usually runs along a rail track to transport cargo or passengers
although magnetic levitation trains that float above the track exist too.

Train station
Nichols station in Taguig City

Bus
A bus is a road vehicle designed to carry many passengers. Buses have
utilitarian fittings designed for efficient movement of large numbers of
people, and often have multiple doors

Bus station
EXAMPLE

Bus station
Victory Liner, Inc. has grown as one of the largest bus
transportation business groups in the Philippines

jeepneys
Jeepney Bus Manila Philippines. pimped out Jeepney one of the
many forms of public transportation

taxi
A taxi is an automobile that carries passengers for a fare usually
determined by the distance traveled

tricycle
a tricycle is a public utility vehicle consisting of a motorcycle and an
attached passenger sidecar

PRIVATE AUTOMOBILES

BICYCLE

BICYCLE lane

sidewalks
Sidewalks are also considered transport since it allows pedestrian
to go to other places.

LANDSCAPE
#ELEMENTSOFURBANDESIGN

#ELEMENTSOFURBANDESIGN

LANDSCAPE
It is the green part of the city
that weaves throughout, in
the form of urban parks,
street trees, plants, flowers,
and water in many forms.

LANDSCAPE
The landscape helps
define the character
and beauty of a city
and creates soft,
contrasting spaces and
elements.

Green spaces in cities range from grand parks to


small intimate pocket parks.

examples

landscape

CENTRAL PARK
Central Park is one of those places that make New York such a great
place to live. The huge park, 341 hectare large (843 acres), is
located in the center of Manhattan. Its design has served as an
example for city parks around the world.

STREETS

CENTRAL PARK
The park boasts several lakes, theaters, ice rinks, fountains, tennis courts,
baseball fields, many playgrounds and other facilities. It is also home to the
Central Park Zoo and the METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART. Especially during the
weekends, when cars are not allowed into the park, Central Park is a welcome
oasis in this hectic city.

STREETS

POCKET PARK
It is a small park accessible to the general public. Pocket parks
are frequently created on a single vacant building lot or on small,
irregular pieces of land. They also may be created as a
component of the public space requirement of large building
projects.

STREETS

Trees along boulevard


Bradford pear trees along Wilson Boulevard in
Rochester, New York

STREETS

Planters along the sidewalk

STREETS

walkways

RECAP
ELEMENTS OF URBAN DESIGN

BUILDINGS

PUBLIC SPACES

STREETS

TRANSPORT

LANDSCAPE

Urban Designweaves together these


elements into a coherent, organized
design structure.
Which will be discussed by next group.

END

THANK YOU AND GOD BLESS.