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Indira Gandhi Institute of Technology, sarang

AUDIO SPOTLIGHTING

Guided by;

Seminar by:

Mr.Binay kumar nayak

Abinash Sahoo

Mr.Aditya kumar pati

Roll-32225
Regd No-1301105158

CONTENT
INTRODUCTION
TECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW
RANGE OF HEARING
WORKING
BEAM DISPERSION
ARCHITECTURE
MODES OF LISTENING
ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES
APPLICATIONS
CONCLUSION

What is Audio Spotlighting????


Audio spot lighting is a very recent technology
that creates focused beams of sound similar to light beams coming
out of a flashlight. Specific listeners
can be targeted with sound without others nearby hearing it.
It makes use of non-linearity property of air.
Uses ultrasonic energy to create extremely narrow beams of
sound that behaves like beam of light.
Audio spot light is developed by American Technology
Corporation.

TECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW
Audio spot lighting works by emitting
harmless high frequency ultrasonic tones
that human ear cannot hear.
To produce highly focused audio signal
we use loud speakers with larger
aperture size

TECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW
Parametric array employs the non linearity
of the air to create audible by products From
inaudible ultrasonic sound , resulting in extremely
directive and beamlike sound.
As the beam moves through the air gradual
distortion takes place in a predictable way. This
give rise to audible components that can be
accurately predicted and precisely controlled.

RANGE OF HEARING
Human ear - 20 Hz to20,000Hz.
No single loud speaker can operate efficiently
over such wide range of frequencies.
By using this technology it is possible to design
a perfect transducer which can work over a wide
range of frequency which is audible to the human
ear.

WORKING
The original low frequency sound wave such as
human speech or music is applied into an audio
spotlight emitter device.
This low frequency signal is frequency
modulated with ultrasonic frequencies range with
wave length of few millimeters.
Since the wavelength is smaller the beam angle
will be around 3 degree, as a result the sound beam
will be a narrow one with a small dispersion.

FIG:- F.JOSEPH POMPEI AT THE MEDIA LAB OF THE MASSACHUSETTS


INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRATES HOW INVISIBLE
ULTRASONIC WAVES, AS ILLUSTRATED HERE, COULD HELP "STEER"
SOUND. (ABCNEWS.COM)

WORKING.

Fig: AUDIO SPOTLIGHTING EMITTER

WORKING.
Due to the nonlinearity property of air new sounds are
formed within the wave.
The new frequencies (sounds) will be added into the
sound wave by the air itself.
The new sound signal generated will be corresponding to
the original information signal with a frequency in the
range of 20 Hz to 20 KHz .
Since we cannot here the ultrasonic sound, we only hear
the new sounds that are formed by the nonlinear action of
the air

COMPONENTS OF
AUDIO SPOTLIGHTING SYSTEM
Power Supply.
Frequency oscillator.
Modulator.
Audio signal processor
Microcontroller.
Ultrasonic amplifier.
Transducer.

1. Power Supply: works off DC, ultra sonic amplifier


requires 48v for working and low voltage for other
components.
2. Frequency oscillator: generates ultra sonic
frequency signals (21,000 Hz to 28,000Hz).
3. Modulator : convert the source information
into ultrasonic signals. In addition, error
correction is needed to reduce distortion without
loss of energy.

4. Microcontroller: takes care of the functional


management of the system.
5. Audio signal processor: The audio signal is sent to
an electronic signal processor circuit where
equalization, dynamic range control, distortion control
and precise modulation are performed to produce
a good quality sound signal.
6. Ultrasonic amplifier: High- efficiency ultrasonic power
amplifies the frequency modulated wave in
order to match the impedance of the integrated
transducers. So that the output of the emitter will be more
powerful and can cover more distance.

7. Transducer : It is1.27 cm thick and17diameter.Produces


audibility up to 200 meters with better clarity of sound.
Has the ability of real time sound reproduction with
zero lag.
These transducers are arranged in form of an
array called parametric array in order to
propagate the ultrasonic signals from the emitter and
thereby to exploit the nonlinearity property of air.

MODES OF LISTENING

Direct Mode:
Requires a clear line of approach from the
sound system unit to the point where the listener can hear
the audio. To restrict the audio in a specific area this method
is appropriate.
Projected or Virtual mode:
For this mode of operation the sound beam from an emitter
is made to reflect from a reflecting surface.
A virtual sound source creates an illusion of sound source
that emanates from a surface.
This method is appropriate when we want to
send the information to a large number of people.

ADVANTAGES
Small size
Single source
Ultimate control in audio placement
Minimizes noise pollution
Ease of installation
Lowest maintenance cost

ADVANTAGES
DISADVANTAGES
Small size
Lack of mass production. i.e, each unit must be hand
Single source
made.
Ultimate
control in
audio
placementis clipping.

The
most common
form
of distortion
An LED on top of the Audio spotlight system reports
Minimizes
clipping,
whichnoise
is alsopollution
perceptible to the listener as a kind
of a 'chirping' effect. If any signal produces distortion, the
Ease
input
levelofofinstallation
the source is reduced
until perceptible distortion is eliminated.
Lowest maintenance cost
Reduced feedback

APPLICATIONS
Automobiles
Beam alert signals can be directly propagated from
an announcement device in the dashboard to the
driver. Presently Mercedes-Benz buses are fitted
with audio spotlighting speakers so that individual
travellers can enjoy the music of there on interest.

2.Retail sales: Provide targeted advertising directly at the point of


purchase.

4.Public Announcement: Highly focused announcement in noisy environments


such as subways, airports, amusement parks, traffic intersections etc.

5.Entertainment system: In home theatre system rear speakers can be eliminated


by the implementation of audio spotlighting and the properties of sound can be
improved

6.Military applications: Ship to ship communications and shipboard announcements.

7.Museums: In museums audio spotlighting can be used to describe about a particular


object to a person standing in front it, so that the other person standing in front of
another object will not be able to hear the description.

CONCLUSION
Audio spotlighting is really going to make a revolution in
sound transmission and the user
can decide the path in which audio signal
should propagate. Due to the unidirectional
propagation it finds application in large number of
fields. Audio spotlighting system is
going to shape the future of sound and will serve our ears
with magical experience..

REFERENCES
1. www.thinkdigit.com
2. www.holosonics.com
3. www.spie.org
4.
www.houstuffworks.co
m
5. www. Tec alone .com

Thank You