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Planning and Optimization Guideline for

Multi Sector Project


(Standard Operation Procedure)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Contents

Introduction to the Multi-sector Solution


Multi-Sector Planning Guideline for
Candidate Site Selection
Multi-Sector Planning Guideline for RF design
Multi Sector Network Optimization

Introduction to the Multi-sector Solution

Introduction to the Multi-sector Solution


The continuous growth in UMTS users and service traffic requires network expansion when
code resources, power resources, and other air interface resources are limited. The multi-sector
solution allows sector splitting, increasing site and region capacity and thereby facilitating network
Operators
are
challenged
by:radio
expansion. This solution is implemented by using high-gain antennas
with
a focused,
narrow
Limited spectrum resources: Network
wave beam width. Figure shows sector splitting.

expansion through carrier addition is


impossible.
Difficult site acquisition: No proper site can
be acquired to cover hotspots. Deploying a
new Node B takes a long period and
requires high costs.

The multi-sector solution eliminates the


need to add sites, simplifies network
expansion, and reduces the workload,
allowing easy and efficient UMTS network
expansion. For existing networks with large
sites deployed or long inter-site distances, the
multi-sector solution increases capacity and
improves coverage. For new or swapped
networks, the multi-sector solution increases
coverage by about 40% or decreases the
number of sites by 25%, and therefore
decreases overall construction costs.

Introduction to the Multi-sector Solution

Multi-Sector RF Flow

Site Multi-Sector Scenario Analysis Site Survey Planning & Design Phase ImplementationNetwork Optimization
Acceptance

Huawei

Data Collection
Scenario Analysis base on DT
and OMC

Review Site
survey
reports

Site/Sectors Selection

Solution Output: Antenna


solution, RRU solution, TX
Solution
Network Simulation:
Engineering parameter, Power
mapping result, Capacity plan
result
Load new site standard
parameters
Features activation
synchronize with old sectors
RNO/PSC/Neighbor(2G/3G/4G)
Parameters design (Include
Inter-RAT)

Review DT report
and Submission
Multi-Sector
implementation:
On-site
Engineering
OMC Operations
Alarms, Services
and Performance
Monitoring

SBC
Customer

1. Review the master plan


2. Response matrix confirm
3. Main work flow agreement
4. Provide detailed
engineering parameters

N
Trouble shooting
andO
RF

YES

Receive
Acceptance

optimization

Pre-DT
3day
Pre Drive
s
Test
befo
Report
On-site Servicere
Verification
Post
1day
DT
Post DTafter
1day
Report

Sites Survey:
Environment,
Antenna,
Cable, BBU,
etc.

after

1. Planning rules confirm


2. Acceptance standard
agreement

Performa
nce OK?

Site Multi Sector


Acceptance Report

Site Multi Sector Design


Report

DT Log/DT Report
OMC Data

OSS/DT
Performance
Comparison

N
O

Approve
?

YES N
O

Approv
e?

YES

Perfor
mance
OK?

N
O YES

Acceptance
Approval

Multi-Sector Design Planning (candidate


selection)

Multi-Sector Design Planning

Site Multi-Sector Scenario Analysis

Site Multi-Sector Scenario Analysis :


Information collection, obtain site information used for multi-sector construction on the existing network.
The information to be collected includes hotspots and their DT data, engineering parameters, site and antenna
sharing information, electronic map, configurations, performance data statistics, and measurement reports
(MRs).In scenario discovery, identify sites suitable for sector splitting based on the performance data statistics,
DT data, and traffic map.

Multiple Sector Design Guideline :

Already F3
Total Power Utilization >70%;
HSDPA User Number > 16 user (BBC6)
HSDPA User Number > 24 (other)
Not cover highway or high rise building
Site antenna height not more than 35m
Split Antenna with good quality

Need consider IUB, CE, CNBAP expansion


proposal:

Split 1 sector 20% increment ,


Split 2 sector 40% increment
Split 3 sector 60% increment
Need to check WBBP group vs cell number

Output for Scenario Discovery :


Then, site survey can be performed according to the scenario discovery outputs to determine
and adjust the sector splitting list or solution, antenna type selection prediction, and initial
engineering parameter planning table. The multi-sector solution also adds benefits of capacity
expansion, and therefore the baseband and transmission resources needs to be checked and
replanned. After the scenario discovery and preliminary confirmation of the sector-split solution,
evaluate/estimate whether the baseband/transmission resources are sufficient. If not sufficient,

Multi-Sector Design Planning

Planning & Design Phase

The Restricted Area For Multiple- Sector


Deployment
1 Highway, Flyover

2 The site from main load is less than 50m

50m

50m

Complex scenario
3 Unbalanced traffic between the two
split sector

Check with traffic


map

4 Hotspot in building

Check with Site Survey


Report

Multi-Sector Design Planning

Site Survey

Engineering Survey for Capacity Expansion:


1.Baseband modules
Verify the site type (3800 series or 3900 series, indoor or outdoor).
Verify configurations of WMPT, WBBP, and UTRP. If new boards are required, check available slots and slot adjustment necessity. If a new
NodeB is required,
verify the following items: Installation space on the existing subrack for new BBUs
Installation position of the new subrack (if no installation space on the existing subrack),Power supply for new BBUs (circuit breakers and
capacity),Cascading between two BBUs (type and length of the cascading cable),Transmission solution for new BBUs (interface type and
quantity, and cable length)
2. RF modules
Verify the type of RF modules: RFU or RRU (specific models and power amplifier specifications).
Verify installation position for RF modules of new sectors: available slots for RFUs and installation mode of RRUs (pole-mounting or wallmounting).
Verify power supply for new RF modules: location, capacity, cable model, and cable length.
Verify grounding mode of new RF modules, type and length of the cable for grounding.
Photograph RF survey sites for archiving. Draw equipment room layout plan and antenna installation platform sketch if necessary.
3. Cable Routing between baseband and RF modules
Verify cable connection mode (RRU cascading or direct connection between WBBP and RRU).
Verify the type, quantity, and length of the cable.
4.Antennas
Verify whether inter-RAT co-antenna is in use. If different RATs sharing one antenna system are connected to different antenna ports, multisector reconstruction is more difficult.
Verify current antenna parameters: model, azimuth, mechanical downtilt, electrical downtilt, installation height, and remote electrical
adjustment devices.
Verify whether there is enough installation room for new antennas.
Determine installation location(longitude, latitude) and coordinates of antennas.
Verify the type and length of power cable and data cable for remote antenna electrical adjustment devices.
Check whether the pole bearing capacity meets the requirement (split antennas are heavier than common antennas).
Photograph the area covered by antennas and the antenna installation platform. Photograph the area around the site. Take a photo every
45clockwise starting from the true north (8 photos in total).
5.Feeders

Multi-Sector Design Planning (RF design)

Multi-Sector Design Planning

Planning & Design Phase

Multi Sector sectorization Design


Standard Order of sectorization for site Multi sector from Clockwise 1,4,2,5,3,6

Note :
Make sure that existing
jumper
connected to YY
port on new antenna and
New Jumper ( New Sector )
on Y port of new antenna to
minimize the Cross feeder
and please do it antenna
per antenna

Multi-Sector Design Planning

Planning & Design Phase

Multi-sector Azimuth Planning Guideline

More than 10

Rule 1:

Opposite

Antenna can not face to


face, the minimum angle
of them should more than
10 degrees;

Overlap no opposite

More than 10

Rule 2: The overlap can


not opposite, the minimum
angle of them should more
than 10 degrees;

Angle between Antennas larger than 90


Less than 90

Rule 3: The angle between 65


antenna and split antenna

more than 90

should be more than 90


degrees between the split
antenna should be more than
100 degree

Multi-Sector Design Planning

Planning & Design Phase

Multi Sector sectorization Design --1


Before Condition Antenna

Site Name

Antenna Type
Ant 1

Ant 2

K742215

K742215

TBSIMATUPANGMW

Antenna Type
Ant 1

Ant 2

Huawei AMB4520R0

K742215

Antenna Azimuth
Sec
Sec
Sec
Ant3
1
2
3
30
150
300
Sec
Sec
Sec
K742215
4
5
6

After Condition Antenna


Antenna Azimuth
Sec
Sec
Sec
Ant 3
1
2
3
0
150
270
Sec
Sec
Sec
Huawei AMB4520R0
4
5
6
60

330

30
deg
ree

30

e
gre
e
d

A1

A2

Antenna Heigth
Ant
Ant
Ant
1
2
3
31

31

31

Antenna Heigth
Ant
Ant
1
2
Ant3
31

31

31

Tilt Mec
Ant
Ant
Ant
1
2
3
4

Tilt Mec
Ant
Ant
1
2
Ant3
4

Tilt Elec
Sec
Sec
Sec
1
2
3
4
2
4
Sec
Sec
Sec
4
5
6

Tilt Elec
Sec
Sec
Sec
1
2
3
4
2
4
Sec
Sec
Sec
4
5
6
4

A3

Multi sector standard sectorization sequence follow Clockwise


1,4,2,5,3,6

For example, Site TBSIMATUPANGMW upgrade to multi sector from 3 sector to 5 sector,
The sector name and direction as below
A1: Split to 2 sector, original: sector 1:30 degree; after: sector 1: 0 degree, sector 4:60deg
A2: not split,
original: sector 2:150 degree; after: no change
A3: Split to 2 sector, original: sector 3:300 degree; after: sector 3: 270degree, sector
6:330degree
1 Physical
split antenna with 2 beam inside which can connect to 2sector
Beam 1 is -30 degree interval compare with physical antenna direction
Beam 2 is 30 degree interval compare with physical antenna direction
E.g. Huawei split antenna (physical antenna )direction is 0 degree
Sector 1 (beam1 ) direction is 330 degree
Sector 2 (beam2 ) direction is 30 degree

Multi-Sector Design Planning

Planning & Design Phase

Multi-sector Tilt Planning


Normally, we keep the dual beam total tilt as before,
E-tilt as higher priority.
If original tilt >10
E-tilt = 8and M-tilt = original tilt - 8
Else
M-tilt = 2 and E-tilt = original tilt 2
For different beam of one antenna the M-tilt should be
same.
E.g.:
Original

Plan

M-tilt

E-tilt

Total

M-tilt

E-tilt

Total

10

10

10Electric tilt

10Mechanical tilt

Using E-tilt can control the side lobe


interference more efficiently.

Multi-Sector Design Planning

Planning & Design Phase

Antenna Huawei Multi Sector Overview


Antenna View from Bottom

right

Antenna
Direction

Above Image Picture is the


sample for antenna 1 from
the Bottom view.
Port
antenna Y and YY is very
importance to know, a lot
of problem Cross Feeder is
coming from this

Remote Electrical Tilt (RET)

yy

Actu
al E
Tilt

Huawei antenna (Huawei AMB4520R0) is RCU ( Remote Control


Unit ) inside,
Then we can not adjust E-Tilting by manually( Rigger)
Need AIGS cable to connect between antenna and RRU NodeB to
support Re-mote E-Tilitng (RET) by RNC MML command
To check the set E-tilting, We can pull the pole under antenna until
can not drag, this number is E-Tilting Value

Left

Multi-Sector Design Planning

Planning & Design Phase

MML Command U2000

Check Current E tilt

LST RETSUBUNIT ( Node B Level)

Check Current Max Transmit Power

LST UCELL ( RNC Level)

Check Current CPICH

LST UPCPICH ( RNC Level)

Sample CR for Modify RET

Sector 2
E Tilt Before : 7
E Tilt After : 1

Sector 5
E Tilt Before : 9
E Tilt After : 7

Multi-Sector Design Planning

Planning & Design Phase

Step 1_ Power on RET Port

// checking Port RET status


LST RETPORT:;

// Switch on Power RET port


MOD RETPORT:CN=0,SRN=80,SN=0,PWRSWITCH=ON,THRESHOLDTYPE=UER_SELF_DEFINE,UOTHD=20,UCTHD=30,OOTHD=300,OCTHD=260;
MOD RETPORT:CN=0,SRN=81,SN=0,PWRSWITCH=ON,THRESHOLDTYPE=UER_SELF_DEFINE,UOTHD=20,UCTHD=30,OOTHD=300,OCTHD=260;
MOD RETPORT:CN=0,SRN=82,SN=0,PWRSWITCH=ON,THRESHOLDTYPE=UER_SELF_DEFINE,UOTHD=20,UCTHD=30,OOTHD=300,OCTHD=260;

//scan ALD to get serial Number of ALD


SCN ALD:;

Step 2_ Add RET and Calibrate

//Add RET and Defind by Serial number


ADD
RET:DEVICENO=1,DEVICENAME="SEC1",CTRLCN=0,CTRLSRN=80,CTRLSN=0,RETTYPE=SINGLE_RET,POLARTYPE=DUAL,SCENARIO=DAISY_CHAIN,VENDORCODE="HW",SERIALNO="M1433E800MA22
218y";
ADD
RET:DEVICENO=2,DEVICENAME="SEC2",CTRLCN=0,CTRLSRN=81,CTRLSN=0,RETTYPE=SINGLE_RET,POLARTYPE=DUAL,SCENARIO=DAISY_CHAIN,VENDORCODE="HW",SERIALNO="M1433E800NP66
462y";
ADD
RET:DEVICENO=3,DEVICENAME="SEC3",CTRLCN=0,CTRLSRN=82,CTRLSN=0,RETTYPE=SINGLE_RET,POLARTYPE=DUAL,SCENARIO=DAISY_CHAIN,VENDORCODE="HW",SERIALNO="M1433E800R674
739y";
ADD
RET:DEVICENO=4,DEVICENAME="SEC4",CTRLCN=0,CTRLSRN=80,CTRLSN=0,RETTYPE=SINGLE_RET,POLARTYPE=DUAL,SCENARIO=DAISY_CHAIN,VENDORCODE="HW",SERIALNO="M1433E800MB90
50yy";
ADD
RET:DEVICENO=5,DEVICENAME="SEC5",CTRLCN=0,CTRLSRN=81,CTRLSN=0,RETTYPE=SINGLE_RET,POLARTYPE=DUAL,SCENARIO=DAISY_CHAIN,VENDORCODE="HW",SERIALNO="M1433E800NQ79
79yy";
ADD
RET:DEVICENO=6,DEVICENAME="SEC6",CTRLCN=0,CTRLSRN=82,CTRLSN=0,RETTYPE=SINGLE_RET,POLARTYPE=DUAL,SCENARIO=DAISY_CHAIN,VENDORCODE="HW",SERIALNO="M1433E800R775
//SET
32yy";Electrical tilt base on RNP Plan
MOD RETTILT:RETCLASS=RET,OPMODE=DEVICENO,DEVICENO=1,TILT=0;
MOD RETTILT:RETCLASS=RET,OPMODE=DEVICENO,DEVICENO=2,TILT=0;
MOD RETTILT:RETCLASS=RET,OPMODE=DEVICENO,DEVICENO=3,TILT=0;
// Calibrate
MOD
RETTILT:RETCLASS=RET,OPMODE=DEVICENO,DEVICENO=4,TILT=0;
RET
CLB RET:OPMODE=SITE;
MOD
RETTILT:RETCLASS=RET,OPMODE=DEVICENO,DEVICENO=5,TILT=0;
MOD RETTILT:RETCLASS=RET,OPMODE=DEVICENO,DEVICENO=6,TILT=0;

Step 3_ SET Electrical Tilting

//Display RET Setting Result


DSP RETSUBUNIT:;

Multi-Sector Design Planning

Planning & Design Phase

Power Specification :
the power specification refers to the maximum
transmit power of the cell and the power ratio refers to
the ratio of pilot power. In live network, the pilot power
needs to be adjusted to meet the onsite requirement.
For example, in a coverage-driven scenario, the pilot
power needs to be increased. In a capacity-driven
scenario, the pilot power needs to be decreased to
provide more power for more services.
If a three-sector network is reconstructed into a
multi-sector network, the network capacity is improved
significantly. In this case, the pilot power can be
increased to achieve better coverage without
remarkable degradation of network capacity. The
capacity decrease and the coverage increase need to
be calculated through the RNP simulation. For
simulation procedures, see Gain Evaluation.

Total Power configuration before split

27W

2.7W

Total Power configuration After split


40W

2.7W

Neighboring Cell Planning Principles:


The sector splitting requires reconfiguration and
optimization of original neighboring cells. The number of
neighboring cells may exceed the upper limit which can be
configured. Neighboring cells for three-sector networks need to
be reconfigured after splitting. With the increase of sectors, the
number of neighboring cells will reach or approximate to the
upper limit. Currently, in RAN14.0, a single cell supports a
maximum of 63 intra-frequency neighboring cells (thirty-one
real neighboring cells and thirty-two virtual neighboring cells).
However, in RAN13.0 and earlier versions, a cell supports only
thirty-one intra-frequency neighboring cells. Therefore, an
appropriate method is required for configuration of neighboring
cells.
For new multi-sector networks, the neighboring cell
planning is the same as that of three-sector networks. For
networks to be expanded or reconstructed, the neighboring cell
planning can be performed by using scattered capacity
expansion method. If the number of neighboring cells to be
configured for a multi-sector cell does not exceed the upper
limit, increase the number of neighboring cells. If the number of
neighboring cells to be configured for a multi-sector exceeds
the upper limit, optimize the multi-sector in terms of
neighboring cells. Enable the neighboring cell reverse algorithm
to automatically configure neighboring cells of the site to be
reconstructed. After the network is stable, disable the
algorithm. After the neighboring cell planning is complete, the

Multi-Sector Network Optimization

Multi-Sector Network Optimizationoptimization flow


A

Start
DT Before and
Implementatio
n
Parameter
mapping
Proper
Neighb
or/No
Missing

Check
Performance
Site Included
TP

NO

Add/Rmv Nbr
KPI
Maintaine
d

YES
Power
setting is
followed
BOQ as
agreed with
TELKOMSEL

No

Prepare CR
Mod

NO

NO

SHO OH
& Traffic
Improve

DT After with
Complete route
for acceptance
Follow up to
project team

DT Result
Improve
compare
with
Before
YES

Reporting

Finish

YES

DT
Verification
YES

NO

YES

Yes

XFeed
er

OPTIMIZATION
included Tilt
M/E suggestion

NO

Note :
Neighboring relation

Check Neighbor relation between new


cell and nbr existing cell
Check the neighbor between
2G/3G/4G

Power MAX TXPWR and UPCPICH


Make sure MaxTXPwr and UPCPICH is
follow BOQ as agreed with Telkomsel
TELKOMSEL agreed that all site if go
to multi sector , will upgrade to
40w/carrier (include the not split
sector also will go to 40w/carrier)

Checking Xfeeder
Pattern for cells antenna Multi sector
from clockwise 1,4,2,5,3,6,

How to improve SHO OH


Check TP for each cell to avoid
overshoot problem and trigger high
Overhead
Check M/E tilt for each antenna sector
compere with before and also analysis
SHO cell to cell

Traffic management

Check
balance
for each cell in
Parameter mapping for the
newTraffic
add
sector

antenna
1: execute the standard parameterone
which
used for new site on air
2: cell admission, handover, re-selection parameter
3: all the feature

Multi-Sector Network Optimization Implementation


Single Site Verification
Objective:
Use Scanner and UE to verify coverage (RSCP & Ec/Io) and scrambling codes, detect
installation errors, and make test calls.

Preparation:
Check the following items before a DT:
Checking for alarms: Usually, the product support engineer troubleshoots alarms problems.
It is important for the optimization engineer and the product support engineer to check
related alarms (especially intermittent ones) before a DT.
Checking cell status: Usually, the product support engineer troubleshoots cell status
problems. It is important for the optimization engineer and the product support engineer to
check the cell status before a DT.
Checking RAN parameters: The version of equipment needs to be checked to ensure that
parameter configurations (scrambling codes, power configurations, neighboring cell list,
and handover parameters) are correct and consistent with the configuration plan. Both
intra-frequency and inter-frequency neighboring cells in the neighboring cell list (NCL) need
to be checked.

Site Verification:
Service functions need to be checked before optimization to ensure that basic services
function properly. The signal strength, feeder wiring, LA/RA update, PS attach and detach,
voice call setup, PDP activation, intra-frequency handovers, GSM-UMTS handovers, and GSMUMTS cell reselection are to be checked. If feeders (or transceiver antennas, or receive
diversity antennas) are found to be inversely connected or the signal quality is poor,
optimization engineers will request to fix them.