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Calculation Techniques

in Numbers

8
=
NUMBER

MATHEMATICS

AND
OPERATION

5
7
3- +

Why it

is
important

Analysis UPSR Mathematics Paper

Topic

The number of questions according to year.


2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
Paper

1
2
Whole Number
1
Opr. + -
Mixed Operation 1
5
Fractions
3
Decimal
6
Money
2
Time
3
Length
1
Mass
Volume of Liquid 2
6
Shape & Space
2
Average
3
Percentage
3
Data Handling
40
Total

Paper

2
1
3
2
1
1
1
2
3
5
2
5
1
5
2
2
2
1
1
1
2
2
6
1
2
1
3
3
20 40

Paper

2
1
2
2
2
2
1
3
2
3
2
4
1
4
3
3
1
3
1
3
1
2
2
4
1
2
1
3
2
20 40

Paper

1
2
3
2
1
3
3
2
3
2
2
2
1
1
4
1
4
1
4
1
3
1
5
2
1
3
1
4
20 40

Paper Paper

2
1
2
1
2
2
1
2
4
4
1
3
2
5
1
4
1
4
2
2
1
3
2
4
1 2
2
2
20 40

2
2
1
2
2
1
3
1
2
1
2
1
2
20

1
2
2
3
3
3
5
3
3
3
3
4
1
2
3
40

2
1
1
3
1
2
2
3
1
3
1
2
20

Paper
1
1
3
1
4
3
4
3
1
2
4
5
2
4
3
40

2
1
2
2
1
1
2
1
2
3
2
3
20

NUMBER

1. Read numbers
Million
(1 digit)

Example :

Thousand
(3 Digits)

1
M

3
T

Ordinary
(3 Digits)

One million two hundred thirty-four thousand


five hundred and sixty-seven.

NUMBER

2. Write numbers
a)

In words

Example :

3 209 640
M

b)

Three million two hun


nine thousand six hun
and

In numeral

Example : Five million eleven thousand


and seventy.
Step 1 :

5
M

11
T

70
O

Step 2 :

011

070

3. Value of Number
a)

NUMBER

Place value
3 209 640
O

M
HTh
TTh

Th
b)

Digit value
3094857

3 000 000

50
800

0
90 000
4000

4. PARTITION

NUMBER

Example :3 094 257


Partition the number

a) 3 000 000 + 90 000 + 4000 + 200 + 50 + 7


b) 7 + 50 + 200 + 4000 + 90 000 + 3 000 000
c) 4000 + 7 + 3 000 000 + 50 + 200 + 90 000
Write the number in extended notation

3 million + 9 ten thousands + 4 thousands


+ 2 hundreds + 5 tens + 7 ones

5. Form the Number

NUMBER

The biggest number


9

Write the biggest digit first.

The smallest number


2

If there is the zero digit, put


it after the first bigger number
than Zero.

6. Arrange the Number

NUMBER

Example : 4 567, 5 764, 7 546, 6 754


Ascending order
( 4 567, 5 764, 6 754 , 7 546 )
Descending order
( 7 546, 6 754, 5 764, 4 567 )

7. Same Value

NUMBER

Example :
16 tens = 160 (ten has one zero)
121 hundreds = 12100
(hundred has two zeroes)

8. Compare the Number

Example :

35 965 and 35 659


35 965 > 35 659
More than
35 959 < 35 965
Less than

NUMBER

NUMBER

Example :
Round off 23 654 to the nearest thousand
Step 1
State the thousand place value
Step 2
23 654 is near to 4000
or 3000
Step 3
23 654 is near to
24 000

23 654
4 000
23 654
3 000
24 000

Round off to the nearest hundred

457
7
457
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
458

00
1
28
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
00

NUMBER

Near

Far

Round off to the nearest ten thousand

1350000
51
52
53
54
55
56
1357492
58
59
1360000

NUMBER

Far

Near

7
+
2
9=
4

ets have fun with the number

ADDITION

BASIC FACT - ADDITION

6+7=
1

6 + 4 + 3 = 13

3
2

6 + 6 + 1 = 13

Count on

ADDITION

56 + 79 =
1

56
+ 79
135
56
+ 79
15
+ 12
135

50 6
+ 70 + 9
120 +15
83
64
+ 79
16
+ 21
226

120
+ 15
135
129
+ 683
12
10
+ 07
812

128
4
+ 263
0311
+ 08
391
4534
726
+ 8382
15 12
+ 1213
13642

ADDITION
123456
7890
12325
+ 925647
0521 18
+ 1017 20
1069318

Find the Pairs of Ten

ADDITION

1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 + 7 + 8 + 9 + 10
+ 11+ 12 + 13 + 14 + 15 + 16 + 17
+ 18 + 19 + 20 = 210

Find the Pairs of Ten


2

3 3 3 2 2

2 356 709
647 935
768 171
1 452 355
+ 84 953
5 310 123

ADDITION

CUTTING SYSTEM
3 4

43
79
68
37
65
+ 38
330

ADDITION
1 2 33 13

1 1 2

42532
1458
91457
+ 700324
8 35771

785634
65938
186639
9763
+ 103207
11 5 1181

GIMMICK NUMBER
Do you want to know how to
SUBTRACT FASTER?

Lets do it together

Cutting System

Ordinary way
2 14

34
- 18
16
1

2 6 3
- 1 710 610
8 7

34
- 1 810
16
2

3 3 6 7 4 5
- 9105 3 910710
2 4 1 3 4 8

SUBTRACTION

Pairs of Ten

Ordinary way
2 14

34
- 18
16
0 12

1234
- 786
4 48

34
- 18
16
0

12836
- 9628
320 8

SUBTRACTION

Less 1

Example :

1000 678 =

Ordinary way

1000
- 678
322
1000 1
678 - 1

10
- 1
100 - 1
1000 - 1
999
- 677
322

= 9
= 99
= 999

MULTIPLICATION

Ordinary way 27
6
162
2D 1D

27
6
42
+ 12
16 2

3D 1D

327
4
28
08
+ 12
1 308

4D 1D

9374

5
20
35
15
+ 45
4 6 8 70

MULTIPLICATION
4D 1D

9374

5
15 20
+ 45 35
4 68 70

5D 1D

12468

4
0416 32
+ 0824
4 9872

6D 1D

123456

7
1428 42
+0721 35
8 6 4 19 2

MULTIPLICATION
2D 2D
Recreation

Ordinary way

68
74
272
+ 476
5032

68
74
42 32
56
+ 24
503 2

82
88
7216
36
34
1224
57
53
3021

MULTIPLICATION

LATTICE

2D 2D

3
4

2
1
0

8
6

4
2
4

2
4

7
4

MULTIPLICATION

LATTICE

3D 2D

3
2
4

1
0
3

8
9

8
4
2
8

8
4

7
4
2
1

BASIC FACT
MULTIPLICATION
REY
1

MULTIPLICATION
(00

9 9)

How To Teach Children Mathematics


Make the pupils understand that:
ab=ba

Example : 2 3 = 3 2
45=54
2

Introduce that:
?0=0
? 1 = the number itself

MULTIPLICATION
3

Train pupils to do Skip Counting

2, 4, 6, 8, .
4, 8, 12, 16, ..
7, 14, 21, 28,
4

Introduce the Repeated Addition

2+2+2+2
3+3+3+3

and etc.

Introduce the Multipurpose


Multiplication Table

MULTIPLICATION
MMT (Multipurpose Multiplication Table)

10

12

14

16

18

12

15

18

21

24

27

12

16

20

24

28

32

36

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

12

18

24

30

36

42

48

54

14

21

28

35

42

49

56

63

16

24

32

40

48

56

64

72

18

27

36

45

54

63

72

81

MULTIPLICATION
5

Train pupils with number patterns

0, 4, 8, __, 16, __,


24, 28, __, __, 40, 44, ..

Times 6, 7, 8
DIFFICULT ?
Use multiplication table that pupils know.

Example :

87

( 8 5) + ( 8 2 )
40
+
16
= 56

FINGER MULTIPLICATION
TIMES 9
Example: 4 x 9 =
Bend the fourth finger on your left hand.
So, the three fingers on the left from the
bent finger and the six fingers on the right
give the answer, that is 36.
LETS TRY:

7x9
2x9

6x9
8x9

3x9
5x9

Multiplication Finger for


multiplication table 6, 7, 8, 9.
ASSUME THAT:
Little finger = 6
Ring finger = 7
Middle finger
=8
Pointer finger
=9

HOW ?

ARITHMATICS WAY
1
+

ARITHMATICS WAY
4
3
4

ARITHMATICS WAY
3

ARITHMATICS WAY
3
4
1

8
0

3
6

Can you
remember ..?
Teachers
.
No
problem

PUPILS

DIVISION
DIVISION
Repeated subtraction

Equal division

12 3 =

12
- 3
9
- 3
6
- 3
3
- 3
0

DIVISION
3D 1D

2D 1D

1
1
1
7 21
- 7
14
- 7
7
- 7
0

2
92
90
7 644
-630
14
-14
0

DIVISION

Division of 2D
Example: 4397 24 =

24
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

2
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18

4
4
8
12
16
20
24
28
32
36

24
24
48
72
96
120
144
168
192
216

183
24 4397
- 24
199
- 192
77
- 72
5

OBJECTIVE QUESTION

DIVISION

Example : 502 584 24 =


A
2941
B
20941
Answer without remainder
C
20940
125646
D
29410
4 502584

-4
10
-8
22
-20
25
-24
18
-16
24
-24
0

20941
6 125646
-12
56
-54
24
-24
6
-6
0

24
46
83
12 2

MIXED OPERATION
REMEMBER!
The solution must follow the basic counting/sequence.
BASIC RULES
M

Bracket
()

of

Divide Muptiply

Add
+

Subtract
-

COUNTING
3

Is a family

Is another family
Solution: Must follow the rules.

Question:

How to arrange the below sy


form the correct mathematic

_
3333 + - x
Answer

= 10

No

Any
question?

PPK
KPM

PPK
KPM

Insyaallah ,

SEE YOU NEXT TIME

Syukran
Thank You
Terima Kasih