Well Control

© All Rights Reserved

Als PPT, PDF, TXT **herunterladen** oder online auf Scribd lesen

37 Aufrufe

Well Control

© All Rights Reserved

Als PPT, PDF, TXT **herunterladen** oder online auf Scribd lesen

- Recommendations on How GBR Can Be Prepared for Rock Tunnel Projects
- ABERDEEN Drilling Schools - Well Control
- CDR Report Sample for Civil Engineer ReviewMyCDR
- 16_Lubricate and Bleed Procedure
- COA.PDF
- SPE-106346-MS
- 7460 Engine Exhaust Analyzers
- Machine Fdn. Tips
- 2014年西南交通大学主要学术期刊分级目录（试行）
- Bsms Structure
- 1.1 Introduction to Plant Operation
- Permitting Process
- Elaflex Hose Photocontest 2011 Results
- 2008SSD-42_v04
- 53 Projects for the National Science and Technology Chemical Engineering Award
- Feasibilty Radial Drilling Revised
- manish apprentship.pdf
- 1 Introduction
- Summary Geojax
- Quantity English

Sie sind auf Seite 1von 196

Principles

1

Secondary Well Control

Tertiary Well Control

Hydrostatic Pressure

Formation Pressure

Porosity And Permeability

Kill Mud Density

Indications of Increasing Formation Pressure

The function of Well Control can be subdivided

into 3 main categories:

Primary Well Control: is the use of the fluid to prevent

the influx of formation fluid into the well bore.

control the well if Primary WC can not be maintained.

when Hydrostatic Pressure = Formation Pressure

when Hydrostatic Pressure

when Hydrostatic Pressure

Hydrostatic Pressure

Because the pressure is measured in psi and depth is

measured in feet, it is convenient to convert Mud Weight

from ppg to a pressure gradient in psi/ft.

The conversion factor is 0.052

Fluid Density (ppg) x 0.052 = Pressure gradient (psi/ft)

Hydrostatic Pressure is the pressure exerted by a column of

fluid at rest, and is calculated by multiplying the gradient of

the fluid by the True Vertical Depth at which the pressure is

being measured:

Fluid gradient (psi/ft) x TVD = Hyd. Pressure(psi)

TVD

column, the shape of the hole doesnt matter.

Normal formation pressure

is equal to the hydrostatic

pressure of the water

occupying the pore

spaces from the surface to

the subsurface formation.

Native fluid is mainly

dependent on its salinity

and is often considered to

be:

0.465 psi/ft

Abnormal formation

pressures are any

formation pressures that

are greater than the

hydrostatic pressure of

the water occupying the

pore spaces.

Commonly caused by the

under-compaction of

shales, clay-stone or

faulting...

10

pressure that is less than normal pressure.

It can be due to reservoir depletion,fault

pressure gradient begins to change from a

normal gradient to a subnormal gradient or, more

usually, to an abnormal gradient.

11

UNCONSOLIDATED

SHALE-DENSITY INCREASES WITH DEPTH - WATER ESCAPES

SAND WITH COMMUNICATION TO SURFACE

12

GAS CAP

NORMAL FORMATION

PRESSURE ABOVE CAP

ROCK =0.465 PSI/FT

Ph

Pabnormal = Pf-Pg

Pf

Pg

GAS PRESSURE

GRADIENT = 0.1 PSI/FT

13

SURCHARGED FORMATIONS

14

FAULT ZONE

Pf Pf

15

ARTESIAN WELL

NORMAL FORMATION

PRESSURE AT THE WELL

UNTILL BELOW THE CAP

ROCK

POROUS SANDSTONE

BELOW CAP ROCK

LAKE

HYDROSTATIC

PRESSURE

FROM

FORMATION

WATER

COLUMN

16

SURFACE EROSION

ENCLOSED FORMATION

LEVEL CHANGE

H1

H3

Pf

H2

Pf

Pf

17

The essential properties of reservoir rocks are:

- Their porosity and permeability.

The porosity provides the storage space for fluids and gases and is

the ratio of the pore spaces in the rock to the bulk volume of the rock.

This is expressed as a percentage. Reservoir rocks commonly have

porositys ranging from 5% to 30%.

Formation permeability is a measure of how easy the fluid will flow

through the rock. Permeability is expressed in Darcys, from a few

milliDarcys to several Darcys.

These properties will determine how much and how quick a kick will

enter into the well. Kicks will enter a wellbore faster from rocks having

high permeability.

18

Porosity

Permeability

19

Formation Pressure

When the well is shut in, Formation Pressure can be found with

the following formula:

SICP + Influx Hyd + Mud Hyd = Formation Pressure

SICP

SIDPP

Mud Hydrostatic

Mud Hydrostatic

Influx Hydrostatic

=

Formation Pressure

20

KICK

INDICATORS

21

Positive Indications of a kick:

- Flow from Well (pumps off)

- Increase in Flow from Well (pumps on)

- Pit Volume Gain

22

Incorrect Fill or Return Volumes

- Swabbing

- Surging

If any deviation, the FIRST action will be to install a

fully open safety valve and make a Flow-Check.

Remember: It is possible that the well will not flow

even if an influx has been swabbed in.

23

That the well MIGHT be going under-balanced

24

Increase in Drilling Rate

Change in D - Exponent

Change in Cutting size and shape

Increase in Torque and Drag

Chloride Trends

Decrease in Shale Density

Temperature Measurements

Gas Cut Mud

Connection Gas

25

While drilling normally pressured shale and assuming a

fairly constant bit weight, RPM, and hydraulic program, a

normal decrease in penetration rate can be expected.

When abnormal pressure is encountered, differential

pressure and shale density are decreased causing a

gradual increase in penetration rate.

ROP

Depth

26

Increase in torque and drag often occurs when drilling

under balanced through some shale intervals.

There is a build up of cuttings in the annulus and this may

be a sign that pore pressure is increasing.

Torque

Depth

27

Change in d Exponent:

d is an indication of drill ability and ROP, RPM, WOB, bit

size are used to calculate its value.

Trends of d normally increase with depth, but in

transition zones, it may decrease with lower than expected

value.

Depth

28

Abnormally pressured shale:

cuttings are small with rounded

cutting are long and splintery with

edges, generally flat.

angular edges.

As differential between the pore pressure and bottom pressure is reduced, the cuttings have a

tendency to explode of bottom.

29

Chloride Trends:

The chloride content of the mud filtrate can be monitored

both going into and coming out of the hole.

A comparison of chloride trends can provide a warning or

confirmation signal of increasing pore pressure.

Chloride

Depth

30

Shale density normally increases with depth but decreases

as abnormal pressure zones are drilled.

When first deposited, shale has a high porosity. During

normal compaction, a gradual reduction in porosity occurs

with an increase of the overlaying sediments.

Shale

Density

Depth

31

Temperature Measurements:

The temperature gradient in abnormally pressured

formations is generally higher than normal.

Temp.

Depth

32

The presence of gas cut mud does not indicate that the well is kicking ( gas

may have been entrained in the cutting ). However, the presence of gas cut

mud must be treated as an early warning sign of a potential kick.

- Gas cut mud only slightly reduces mud column pressure, when it is close to

surface.

- Drilled cuttings from which the gas comes may compensate for the decrease.

33

Connection Gas

Connection gas are detected at the surface as a

distinct increase above the background gas, as

bottom up is circulated after a connection.

Connection gases may indicate a condition of

near balance.

If connection gas is present, limiting its volume by

controlling the drilling rate should be considered.

34

SYSTEM

PRESSURE LOSSES

35

Objectives

Identify the different pressures

losses in the system

Identify which one influence bottom

hole pressure

Convert this pressure to an

equivalent mud weight

36

Pumping through a pipe with a

mud pump at 80 spm, with

gauges mounted on the

discharge of the pump and at the

end of the pipe.

The gauge on the pump reads 100

psi.

The gauge on the end of the pipe

reads 0 psi.

It can be assumed from this

information that the 100 psi drop

in pressure through the pipe is

the result of friction losses in the

pipe as the fluid is pumped

through it.

100 psi

80 SPM

0 psi

100 psi

37

500 psi

80 SPM

400 psi

100 psi

400 psi

0 psi

38

1000 psi

80 SPM

900 psi

100 psi

400 psi

500 psi

500 psi

0 psi

39

2300 psi

80 SPM

2200 psi

100 psi

400 psi

1800 psi

500 psi

1300 psi

1300 psi

0 psi

40

2600 psi

2500 psi

0 psi

80 SPM

100 psi

400 psi

Pressure

300 psi

Annular

500 psi

Losses

1300 psi

2100 psi

1600 psi

300 psi

41

Losses

0 psi

APL EXAMPLE

A well has been drilled to

10,000 ft.

The mud weight is 10 ppg.

To find our Hydrostatic

pressure we use the

following formula;

Mud Wt x 0.052 x TVD 10 x

0.052 x 10,000 = 5,200psi.

The gauge on the drawing

shows bottom hole

hydrostatic pressure.

0 psi

0 psi

0 psi

0 SPM

MUD WT = 10 ppg

0 psi

10,000 ft TVD

0 psi

5200 psi

42

Losses

2600 psi

2600 psi

APL EXAMPLE

100 psi

0 psi

MUD WT = 10 ppg

10,000 ft TVD

1300 psi

2100 psi

500 psi

80 SPM

400 psi

80 spm through our system

with the same pressure losses

as before.

As you can see from this

example the bottom hole

pressure has increased by 300

psi.

This increase is due to the

Annular Pressure Losses (APL)

acting down on the bottom of

the well and is usually called

Bottom Hole Circulating

Pressure (BHCP)

300 psi

2500 psi

1600 psi

5500 psi

43

The APL while circulating has the same effect on

bottom hole pressure as increasing the mud

weight.

This theoretical increase in mud weight is called

the Equivalent Circulating Density or Equivalent

Mud Weight.

It can be calculated by using the following

formula:

_____APL(psi) __ + Original Mud Weight

TVD x 0.052

44

Summary:

Annular Pressure Losses are the pressure

losses caused by the flow of fluid up the

annulus and are the only losses in the system

that affect BHP.

Equivalent Circulating Density is the effective

density at any depth created by the sum of the

total hydrostatic plus the APL.

45

Exercise

- Pressure Gradient?

40 SPM

300 psi

- Hydrostatic Pressure?

600 psi

MD = 9,550 ft

1200 psi

800 psi

TVD = 8,000 ft

450 psi

MUD WT = 12 ppg

- A P L?

- ECD at 40 SPM?

46

EFFECTS ON

PRESSURES

47

2600 psi

using 10 ppg mud. At

80 spm the total

circulating system

pressure losses are

2600 psi.

It is decided to

increase the mud

weight to 11 ppg.

80

spm

Mud wt 10

ppg

48

It is a good drilling practice to

calculate the new circulating

pressure before changing the

mud weight.

The way we calculate this change in

pressure is to use the following

formula;

New Mud ppg x Old psi.

Old Mud ppg

11 ppg

10 ppg

2860 psi

80 spm

Mud wt 11 ppg

x 2600 = 2860psi

approximately 2860 psi.

49

The formula that was just used to calculate

the pressure change due to a change in

mud weight, is also the formula used to

calculate the Final Circulating Pressure.

Kill Mud wt

Old Mud wt

50

A well is being drilled using

10 ppg mud. At 80 spm the

total circulating system

pressure losses are 2600 psi.

It is decided to increase the

pump speed from 80 spm to

100 spm.

2600 psi

80 spm

Mud wt 10 ppg

51

calculate the new circulating

pressure before changing the pump

speed.

The way we calculate this change

in pressure is to use the following

formula;

New SPM 2

Old

psi x Old SPM

2600 x 100 spm 2

80 spm = 4063 psi

The new pump pressure would be

approximately 4063 psi.

4063 psi

100 spm

Mud wt 10 ppg

52

Preparation

and

Prevention

53

Barite and Mud chemical stocks

Equipment line up for shut-in

Slow circulating rates

MAAS P

Well Control Drills

Flow Checks

Safety Valves and Float Valves

54

FLOWPATH

LINE UP FOR

HARD SHUT IN

55

FLOWPATH

HARD SHUT IN

1

Observe pressure

5

1

2

3

56

FLOWPATH

LINE UP FOR

SOFT SHUT IN

57

FLOWPATH

SOFT SHUT IN

1

Observe pressure

5

1

2

4

58

A Slow Circulating Rate ( SCR) is

the reduced circulating pump rate

that is used when circulating out

a kick.

It is called Dynamic Pressure

Losses ( PL ) on the kick sheet

59

Well Control Operations are conducted at reduced

circulating rates in order to:

Minimise Excess of annulus pressure

Allows for more controlled choke adjustments

Allows for the weighting up and degassing of

the mud and disposal of the influx

Reduce the chance of choke erosion

Reduce risk of over pressuring system if

plugging occurs

60

Any time the mud properties are changed

When a bit nozzle is changed.

When the BHA is changed.

As soon as possible after bottoms-up from

any trip

At least every 1000 feet (305m) of new hole

61

A minimum of 2 (two) circulating rates should be

obtained for all pumps.

The pressure must be recorded using the gauges

that will be used during well kill operations

The SCR pressure will be recorded on the IADC

report

62

A leak off test (LOT) determines the pressure at which

the formation begins to take fluid.

This test is conducted after drilling out about 10 to 15

ft of new hole below the shoe.

Such a test will establish the strength of the formation

and the integrity of the cement job at the shoe.

minimum yield of the weakest casing.

63

LOT

Use a high pressure, low volume pump

(0.25 - 0.5 bbl/min.) such as a cement

pump or a test pump using intermittent or

continuous method of pumping.

Rig pumps are not suitable to perform leak

off tests.

The objective of the above test is not to

fracture the formation, but rather to

identify the formation intake pressure.

This intake pressure is identified as that

point where a deviation occurs between

the trends of the final pump pressure

curve and the static pressure curve. Once

the formation intake pressure has been

reached, further pumping should be

avoided.

64

LOT

The total pressure applied at

the shoe is the sum of the

surface pressure from the

pump and the hydrostatic

pressure for the shoe depth.

Surface

Casing

Pressure

+ Hydrostatic

Pressure

to the formation.

=

Pressure at

Shoe

65

LOT

720 psi

720 psi

+

3,000

9.6

ppg

1498 psi

2218

psi

66

MAMW

The Maximum Available Fluid

Density (MAMW).

This is the total pressure,

represented as fluid density,

above which leak off or

formation damage may occurs

with no pressure on surface.

0 psi

3,000

2218 psi

MAMW=

2218

3000 x 0.052

67

Fracture Gradient

The fracture gradient of the

formation will be:

0 psi

0.052

3,000

= 0.7384 psi/ft

therefore:

2218 psi

0.052

68

MAAS P

MAASP is defined as the surface pressure which,

when added to the hydrostatic pressure of the existing

mud column, results in formation breakdown at the

weakest point in the well.

69

On Kill Sheet

Write mud weight used for the test

and Insert here

70

Drills

Pit drill

Trip drill

Abandonement drill

Strip drill

71

Actions

Upon

Taking a Kick

72

Kick Size and Severity

Kick Detection

Recording Pressures

Drilling With Oil Base Mud

Hard Shut-in

Soft Shut-in

Height and Gradient of a Kick

73

Failure to Fill The Hole Properly While Tripping

Swabbing / Surging

High pulling speed

Mud properties

Tight annulus clearance

Well Geometry

Formation Properties

Lost Circulation

Insufficient Drilling Fluid Density

74

Minimizing kick size is fundamental for the safety of a Well

Control operation.Smaller Kicks: Provide lower choke or

annulus pressure both upon initial closure and later when the kick is

circulated to the choke.

Controllable Parameters:

Degree of underbalance

Mud Weight

time

time

Wellbore diameter

Hole size

Non-controllable Parameters

Formation permeability and type of influx

75

Kick Detection

While Drilling:

if F/C is negative. Tool pusher must be informed for all.

Increase in flow rate: First positive indicator.

Increase in pit volume: Positive indicator. Anyone influencing the active

system must communicate with the Driller.

Variation in Pump speed and Pressure: (U-tube)

Well flowing during a Connection: ECD to ESD

Change of drilling fluid properties: Gas cut or fluid contaminated.

While Tripping:

Improper fill-up: swabbing or surging

76

Stop rotation

Pick up the drill string to shut-in position (subsea to hang off

position)

Stop the pump

Flow check

Close

BOP

Notify Tool Pusher and OIM

Record time, SIDPP, SICP and pit gain

77

Stop rotation

Pick up the drill string to shut-in position (Subsea to hang

off position)

Stop the pump

Flow check

Open

Close BOP

Close choke

Notify Tool Pusher

Record time, SIDPP, SICP and pit gain

78

American Petroleum Institute

For a soft close-in, a choke is left open

at all times other than during a well

control operation. The choke line valves

are aligned such that a flow path is

open through the choking system, with

the exception of one choke line valve

located near the blow out preventer.

When the soft close-in procedure is

selected for closing in a well the:

1

choke line valve is opened.

2

Blow out preventer is closed.

3

Choke is closed.

This procedure allows the choke to be

closed in such a manner to permit

sensitive control and monitoring of

casing pressure buildup during closure.

For a hard close-in, the chokes remain

closed at all times other than during a

well control operation. The choke line

valves are aligned such that a flow path

is open through the choking system with

the exemption of the choke(s) itself and

one choke line valve located near the

blow out preventer stack. When the hard

close-in procedure is selected for

closing in a well, the blow out preventer

is closed. If the casing pressure cannot

be measured at the well head, the choke

line valve is opened with the choke or

adjacent high pressure valve remaining

closed so that pressure can be

measured at the choke manifold. This

procedure allows the well to be closed in

the shortest possible time, thereby

minimising the amount of additional

influx of kicking fluid to enter the well

bore.

79

80

81

82

Water Base Mud

Easier to detect

Expansion:

Expansion:

the bubble point

83

84

Well Kill

Techniques

85

Drillers Method

Wait and Weight Method

Volumetric Method

86

87

The original mud weight is used to

circulate the influx

- Reset the stroke counter.

- Bring the pump up to kill speed while

holding the casing pressure constant.

influx is circulated out from the well

BHP

88

when the top of the influx

reaches the shoe

89

When the influx is passing the

casing shoe, the shoe pressure will

decrease.

90

shoe, the shoe pressure will remain

constant.

91

- Surface casing pressure is

increasing as the influx is

circulated up the well.

- Pit volume is raising.

92

- The maximum surface casing

pressure is reached when the top of

the influx is at surface.

- It will be the maximum increase in pit

level.

93

- As the influx is passing through

the choke, the surface casing

pressure will decrease.

- The pit volume will decrease.

94

circulated from the well and the

pump is stopped,

SIDPP = SICP

95

- Line up the kill mud.

- Reset the stroke counter.

- Bring the pump up to kill speed while holding

the casing pressure constant.

surface line volume.

- Keep the casing pressure constant until KMW

reach the bit.

( Or follow the calculated DP pressure drop

schedule from ICP to FCP.)

material added in the system.

96

maintain FCP constant until kill mud

is at surface.

97

First Circulation

Drillers

Method

Drillers

Drill Pipe

Casing

Method

98

Second Circulation

Drillers

Drill Pipe

Method

Drillers

Casing

Method

99

Drillers Method

Advantages:

- Can start circulating right away

- Able to remove influx even if not enough barite on board

- Less chance of gas migration

- Less calculation

Disadvantages:

- Higher surface pressure

- In certain situation, higher shoe pressure

- Two circulation, more time through the choke

100

-The kill mud weight is used to circulate the

influx

-Reset the stroke counter

- Bring the pump up to kill speed while Holding

the casing pressure constant.

surface line volume.

-Pump kill mud from surface to bit while

following a calculated DP pressure drop

schedule.

BHP

101

When kill mud enters the annulus,

maintain FCP constant until kill mud

is at surface.

102

Wait

&

Weight

Drill Pipe

Wait

&

Weight

Casing

103

Advantages:

- In most situation generate less pressure on surface equipment

- With a long open hole, less chance to induce losses

- One circulation, less time spent circulating through the choke

Disadvantages:

- Longer waiting time prior to circulate the influx

- Cutting could settle down and plug the annulus

- Gas migration might become a problem

- Need to have enough barite to increase the mud weight

- More Calculations

104

h'i

h'i

hm

hm

W & W Method

Gas at Casing Shoe,

kill mud in drill string

Drillers Method

Gas at Casing Shoe

105

h'i

h''i

hm

Drillers Method

Gas at Casing Shoe

hm

W & W Method

Gas at Casing Shoe,

Kill mud in annulus

hkm

106

Gas Behavior

Free

gas expansion

No gas expansion

Volume to bleed off to

maintain BHP constant

107

Gas may be swabbed into a well and remain at TD. The influx will expand as it

moves up the annulus when circulation is started. The amount of expansion can

easily be calculated. If undetected, free gas expansion can cause a serious well

control problem.

108

D=10,000ft

A column of 10,000ft of mud,

Gm=0.5psi/ft compresses one

barrel of gas at TD.

Gm = 0.5 psi/ft

Gas

D

P

Vg

CST

10,000

5,000

1

5,000

10,000 x 0.5 = 5,000 psi

109

D=5,000ft

The gas has risen so that the

top of the bubble is at 5,000ft

from the surface.

5,000 x 0.5 = 2,500 psi

Gm = 0.5 psi/ft

D

P

Vg

PVg

10,000

5,000

1

5,000

5,000

2,500

2

5,000

volume of gas is found:

5,000 / 2,500 = 2 barrels

110

D=2,500ft

is at 2,500ft from the

surface.

The pressure in the

gas is;

2,500 x 0.5 = 1,250

psi

Gm = 0.5 psi/ft

D

P

Vg

PVg

10,000

5,000

1

5,000

5,000

2,500

2

5,000

2,500

1,250

4

5,000

found:

5,000 / 1,250 = 4

barrels

111

D=1,250ft

At 1,250ft

from the

surface.

Pressure;

1,250 x 0.5 =

625 psi

Gm = 0.5 psi/ft

D

P

Vg

PVg

10,000

5,000

1

5,000

5,000

2,500

2

5,000

2,500

1,250

4

5,000

1,250

625

8

5,000

Volume of

gas;

5,000 / 625 =

8 barrels

112

Gm = 0.5 psi/ft

D

P

Vg

PVg

10,000

5,000

1

5,000

5,000

2,500

2

5,000

2,500

1,250

4

5,000

1,250

625

8

5,000

0

14.7

341

5,000

113

No Gas Expansion

0 psi

0 ft

2,500 ft

5,000 ft

7,500 ft

1 bbls

10,000 ft

5,200 psi

Gm = 0.52 psi/ft

1 bbl gain

114

No Gas Expansion

0 psi

1,300 psi

0 ft

2,500 ft

5,000 ft

7,500 ft

1 bbls

1 bbls

10,000 ft

5,200 psi

6,500 psi

1 bbl gain

1 bbl gain

Gm = 0.52 psi/ft

115

No Gas Expansion

0 psi

1,300 psi

2,600 psi

0 ft

2,500 ft

1 bbls

5,000 ft

7,500 ft

1 bbls

1 bbls

10,000 ft

5,200 psi

6,500 psi

1 bbl gain

1 bbl gain

7,800 psi

Gm = 0.52 psi/ft

1 bbl gain

116

No Gas Expansion

0 psi

1,300 psi

2,600 psi

3,900 psi

0 ft

2,500 ft

1 bbls

1 bbls

5,000 ft

7,500 ft

1 bbls

1 bbls

10,000 ft

5,200 psi

6,500 psi

1 bbl gain

1 bbl gain

7,800 psi

9,100 psi

Gm = 0.52 psi/ft

1 bbl gain

1 bbl gain

117

No Gas Expansion

0 psi

1,300 psi

2,600 psi

3,900 psi

5,200 psi

0 ft

1 bbls

2,500 ft

1 bbls

1 bbls

5,000 ft

7,500 ft

1 bbls

1 bbls

10,000 ft

5,200 psi

6,500 psi

1 bbl gain

1 bbl gain

7,800 psi

9,100 psi

10,400 psi

Gm = 0.52 psi/ft

1 bbl gain

1 bbl gain

1 bbl gain

118

500 psi

1800 psi

500 psi

0 ft

2,500 ft

5,000 ft

5700 psi

7,500 ft

4400 psi

1.3bbls

1bbls

P1V1 = P2V2

V2 = 5700 x 1 / 4400

1 bbls

V2 = 1.29 bbls

10,000 ft

5,700 psi

7000 psi

5,700 psi

1 bbl gain

1 bbl gain

Gm = 0.52 psi/ft

119

500 psi

1800 psi

500 psi

0 ft

2,500 ft

3100 psi

4400 psi

5,000 ft

1.84bbls

1.3bbls

P1V1 = P3V3

V3 = 5700 x 1 / 3100

7,500 ft

1.3 bbls

V3 = 1.84 bbls

5000 x .52 = 2600 psi

10,000 ft

5,700 psi

7,000 psi

5,700 psi

Gm = 0.52 psi/ft

120

500 psi

1800 psi

500 psi

0 ft

3100 psi

2,500 ft

1.8bbls

1800 psi

3.16bbls

P1V1 = P4V4

V4 = 5700 x 1 / 1800

5,000 ft

V4 = 3.16 bbls

1.8 bbls

7,500 ft

10,000 ft

5,700 psi

7,000 psi

5,700 psi

Gm = 0.52 psi/ft

121

500 psi

1800 psi

500 psi

1800 psi

500 psi

P1V1 = P5V5

0 ft

3.16 bbls

2,500 ft

11.4bbls

V5 = 5700 x 1 / 500

V5 = 11.4 bbls

3.16 bbls

5,000 ft

7,500 ft

10,000 ft

5,700 psi

7,000 psi

5,700 psi

Gm = 0.52 psi/ft

122

WELL # 1

HOLE SIZE

HOLE DEPTH TVD/MD

CASING 9-5/8 TVD/MD

DRILL PIPE CAP.

HEAVY WALL DRILL PIPE

CAPACITY

DRILL COLLARS 6-1/4

CAPACITY

DRILLING FLUID DENSITY

CAPACITY OPEN HOLE/COLLARS

CAPACITY OPEN HOLE/DRILL PIPE-HWDP

CAPACITY CASING/DRILL PIPE

FRACTURE FLUID DENSITY

SIDPP

SICP

PUMP DISPLACEMENT

RRCP 30 SPM

PIT GAIN

8-1/2

11536

9875

0.01741

600

0.00874

880

0.00492

14.0

0.03221

0.04470

0.04891

16.9

530

700

0.1019

650

10.0

INCH

FEET

FEET

BBL/FEET

FEET

BBL/FEET

FEET

BBL/FEET

PPG

BBL/FEET

BBL/FEET

BBL/FEET

PPG

PSI

PSI

BBL/STRK

PSI

BBL

123

DRILLERS METHOD

1st CIRCULATION

DP

CSG

0

1489

SHUTTING

IN

WELL

MAASP

700

530

O

7189

7889

Pf= 8928 psi

124

DRILLERS METHOD

1st CIRCULATION

DP

CSG

30

1489

REACHING

ICP

KEEP CONSTANT

CASING PRESSURE

WHILE BRINGING

PUMPS UP

PUMPS UP AND

PRESSURE STABILISED

KEEP CONSTANT

DRILL PIPE PRESSURE

22

MAASP

700

1180

O

7889

125

Pf= 8928 psi

DRILLERS METHOD

1st CIRCULATION

DP

CSG

30

CONSTANT

DRILL PIPE PRESSURE

1489

310

MAASP

740

1180

O

GAS EXPANDING

CASING PRESSURE

INCREASE

7929

SHOE PRESSURE

INCREASE

MAASP CONSTANT

Pf= 8928 psi

126

DRILLERS METHOD

1st CIRCULATION

DP

CSG

30

CONSTANT

DRILL PIPE PRESSURE

1489

470

MAASP

775

1180

O

GAS EXPANDING

CASING PRESSURE

INCREASE

7964

SHOE PRESSURE

INCREASE TO MAX

MAASP CONSTANT

127

Pf= 8928 psi

DRILLERS METHOD

1st CIRCULATION

DP

CSG

30

CASING

CONSTANT

DRILL PIPE PRESSURE

1685

620

MAASP

785

1180

O

GAS EXPANDING

7718

CASING PRESSURE

INCREASE

SHOE PRESSURE

DECREASE

MAASP INCREASING

Pf= 8928 psi

128

DRILLERS METHOD

1st CIRCULATION

DP

CSG

30

CASING

2020

2300

MAASP

1120

1180

CONSTANT

DRILL PIPE PRESSURE

GAS EXPANDING

7718

CASING PRESSURE

INCREASE

SHOE PRESSURE

CONSTANT

MAASP INCREASING

Pf= 8928 psi

129

DRILLERS METHOD

1st CIRCULATION

DP

CSG

30

CONSTANT

DRILL PIPE PRESSURE

2480

4800

MAASP

1580

1180

O

GAS EXPANDING

CASING PRESSURE

INCREASE TO MAX

7718

SHOE PRESSURE

CONSTANT

MAASP

INCREASE TO MAX

130

Pf= 8928 psi

DRILLERS METHOD

1st CIRCULATION

DP

CSG

30

CONSTANT

DRILL PIPE PRESSURE

1489

5400

MAASP

530

1180

O

CASING PRESSURE

DECREASING TO SIDPP

SHOE PRESSURE

CONSTANT

7718

MAASP DECREASING

TO ORIGINAL VALUE

BHP= 8928 PSI

Pf= 8928 psi

131

DRILLERS METHOD

2nd CIRCULATION

DP

CSG

30

START PUMPING

KILL MUD 14.9 PPG

1489

5400

MAASP

530

1180

CASING PRESSURE

CONSTANT

SHOE PRESSURE

CONSTANT

7718

MAASP CONSTANT

Pf= 8928 psi

132

DRILLERS METHOD

2nd CIRCULATION

DP

CSG

30

DRILL PIPE

1489

6306

MAASP

530

936

CASING PRESSURE

CONSTANT

DECREASING

7718

SHOE PRESSURE

CONSTANT

MAASP CONSTANT

BHP= 8928 PSI

Pf= 8928 psi

133

DRILLERS METHOD

2nd CIRCULATION

DP

CSG

30

BIT

1489

7212

MAASP

530

692

CONSTANT CASING

PRESSURE

DECREASING TO FCP

7718

SHOE PRESSURE

CONSTANT

MAASP CONSTANT

Pf= 8928 psi

134

DRILLERS METHOD

2nd CIRCULATION

DP

CSG

30

SHOE

DRILL PIPE PRESSURE

CONSTANT

1489

7832

MAASP

469

692

O

CASING PRESSURE

DECREASING

7657

SHOE PRESSURE

DECREASING

MAASP CONSTANT

Pf= 8928 psi

135

DRILLERS METHOD

2nd CIRCULATION

DP

CSG

30

CASING

1253

10202

MAASP

233

692

CONSTANT

CASING PRESSURE

DECREASING

7657

SHOE PRESSURE

CONSTANT

MAASP DECREASING

Pf= 8928 psi

136

DRILLERS METHOD

2nd CIRCULATION

DP

CSG

30

KILL MUD AT

SURFACE

1020

12600

MAASP

692

CONSTANT

CASING PRESSURE

DECREASING TO ZERO

7657

SHOE PRESSURE

CONSTANT

MAASP DECREASING

TO NEW MAASP w/KMW

Pf= 8928 psi

137

WELL # 1

HOLE SIZE

HOLE DEPTH TVD/MD

CASING 9-5/8 TVD/MD

DRILL PIPE CAP.

HEAVY WALL DRILL PIPE

CAPACITY

DRILL COLLARS 6-1/4

CAPACITY

DRILLING FLUID DENSITY

CAPACITY OPEN HOLE/COLLARS

CAPACITY OPEN HOLE/DRILL PIPE-HWDP

CAPACITY CASING/DRILL PIPE

FRACTURE FLUID DENSITY

SIDPP

SICP

PUMP DISPLACEMENT

RRCP 30 SPM

PIT GAIN

8-1/2

11536

9875

0.01741

600

0.00874

880

0.00492

14.0

0.03221

0.04470

0.04891

16.9

530

700

0.1019

650

10.0

INCH

FEET

FEET

BBL/FEET

FEET

BBL/FEET

FEET

BBL/FEET

PPG

BBL/FEET

BBL/FEET

BBL/FEET

PPG

PSI

PSI

BBL/STRK

PSI

BBL

138

DP

CSG

0

1489

SHUTTING

IN

WELL

MAASP

700

530

O

14.9 PPG

7189

7889

Pf= 8928 psi

139

DP

CSG

30

REACHING

ICP

1489

22

MAASP

700

1180

KEEP CONSTANT

CASING PRESSURE

WHILE BRINGING

PUMPS UP

PUMPS UP AND

PRESSURE STABILISED

KEEP DRILL PIPE

PRESSURE ON

SCHEDULE

7889

Pf= 8928 psi

140

DP

CSG

30

1489

310

DECREASING

MAASP

740

1097

O

CASING PRESSURE

INCREASING

7929

GAS EXPANDING

SHOE PRESSURE

INCREASING

MAASP CONSTANT

Pf= 8928 psi

141

DP

CSG

30

DRILL PIPE PRESSURE

DECREASING

1489

470

MAASP

775

1053

O

CASING PRESSURE

INCREASING

7964

GAS EXPANDING

SHOE PRESSURE

INCREASE TO MAX

MAASP CONSTANT

Pf= 8928 psi

142

DP

CSG

30

CASING

1685

620

MAASP

785

1013

DECREASING

CASING PRESSURE

INCREASING

7718

GAS EXPANDING

SHOE PRESSURE

DECREASING

MAASP INCREASING

Pf= 8928 psi

143

DP

CSG

30

GAS INSIDE CASING

1950

1812

MAASP

1050

692

DECREASE TO FCP

CASING PRESSURE

INCREASING

7718

GAS EXPANDING

SHOE PRESSURE

CONSTANT

MAASP INCREASING

Pf= 8928 psi

144

DP

CSG

30

GAS INSIDE CASING

1980

2432

MAASP

1080

692

CONSTANT

CASING PRESSURE

INCREASING

7641

GAS EXPANDING

SHOE PRESSURE

DECREASING

MAASP INCREASING

Pf= 8928 psi

145

DP

CASING

GAS REACH CHOKE

DRILL PIPE PRESSURE

CONSTANT

CSG

30

2178

4800

MAASP

1278

692

O

CASING PRESSURE

INCREASING

7641

GAS EXPANDING

SHOE PRESSURE

CONSTANT

MAASP INCREASING

146

DP

CSG

30

CASING

GAS OUT OF WELL

DRILL PIPE PRESSURE

CONSTANT

1204

5360

MAASP

180

692

O

CASING PRESSURE

DECREASING

7641

SHOE PRESSURE

CONSTANT

MAASP DECREASING

Pf= 8928 psi

147

DP

CSG

30

KILL MUD AT

SURFACE

DRILL PIPE PRESSURE

CONSTANT

1027

7200

MAASP

692

O

CASING PRESSURE

DECREASING TO ZERO

7641

SHOE PRESSURE

CONSTANT

MAASP DECREASING

TO NEW MMASP w/KMW

Pf= 8928 psi

148

WELL # 1

HOLE SIZE

HOLE DEPTH TVD/MD

CASING 9-5/8 TVD/MD

DRILL PIPE CAP.

HEAVY WALL DRILL PIPE

CAPACITY

DRILL COLLARS 6-1/4

CAPACITY

DRILLING FLUID DENSITY

CAPACITY OPEN HOLE/COLLARS

CAPACITY OPEN HOLE/DRILL PIPE-HWDP

CAPACITY CASING/DRILL PIPE

FRACTURE FLUID DENSITY

SIDPP

SICP

PUMP DISPLACEMENT

RRCP 30 SPM

PIT GAIN

8-1/2

11536

9875

0.01741

600

0.00874

880

0.00492

14.0

0.03221

0.04470

0.04891

16.9

530

700

0.1019

650

10.0

INCH

FEET

FEET

BBL/FEET

FEET

BBL/FEET

FEET

BBL/FEET

PPG

BBL/FEET

BBL/FEET

BBL/FEET

PPG

PSI

PSI

BBL/STRK

PSI

BBL

149

VOLUMETRIC METHOD

MIGRATION

MIGRATIONDISTANCE

DISTANCE

P2 - P1

GMD

GMD==------------------------------------------------MUD GRADIENT

MIGRATION

MIGRATIONRATE/HRS

RATE/HRS

GMD x 60

GMR

GMR== ------------------------------------------------T2 - T1

150

VOLUMETRIC METHOD

KEY POINT:

EVERY BARREL OF MUD IN THE WELLBORE REPRESENT

A CERTAIN AMOUNT OF HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE

Ph

Ph

151

VOLUMETRIC METHOD

CHOKE PRESSURE

SICP + SAFETY FACTOR + WORKING RANGE

PRESSURE/BARREL

MUD GRADIENT

PSI/BBL = ---------------------------CAPACITY

14.88

14 x 0.052

= ---------------------------0.04891

WORKING RANGE

50 PSI

W.R.

VOLUME TO BLEED =-------------------PSI/BBL

50

3.36 BBL =----------------------------14.88

152

VOLUMETRIC METHOD

300 psi

PA

12.5 ppg

10000 ft

GMD

P 2 - P1

= -------------------------MWG

GMR

GMD

= -------------------------T 2 - T1

Where:

GAS

MWG = Mud gradient

P1 = Surface pressure at time T1

P2 = Surface pressure at time T2

GMR = Gas migration rate ( feet per hour)

T1 = Time 1 (hour)

T2 = Time 2 (hour)

6500 psi

153

VOLUMETRIC METHOD

300 psi

PA

12.5 ppg

10000 ft

GMD

P 2 - P1

= -------------------------MWG

GMR

GMD

= -------------------------T 2 - T1

Where:

GAS

MWG = Mud gradient

P1 = Surface pressure at time T1

P2 = Surface pressure at time T2

GMR = Gas migration rate ( feet per hour)

T1 = Time 1 (hour)

T2 = Time 2 (hour)

6500 psi

154

VOLUMETRIC METHOD

5

BOP

HALLIBURTON

PA

2

KILL LINE

3

4

PUMP

GAS

155

VOLUMETRIC METHOD

BOP

HALLIBURTON

Vm

PA

Vm

KILL LINE

GAS

3

P3

Vm

P3

Vm

4

P3

5

P3

6

Pa

P1

1

5

GAS

GAS

S

I

C

P

BLEED OFF

3

2

GAS

GAS

GAS

LUBRICATE

P3

P1

BHP

156

VOLUMETRIC METHOD

PRESSURE

Bottom hole pressure

Annular pressure

Drill pipe pressure

BLEED OFF

LUBRICATE

TIME

157

Bull heading

Involves forcing formation fluids back into the

formation using surface hydraulics

Usually considered if:

1 Formation fluid cannot be safely handled on surface (eg with H2S)

2 If anticipated formation pressures exceed what can be safely handled

158

Cement Plug

Barite plug

Gunk plug

159

Shallow Gas

Evaluation & Planning

Drill a pilot hole

Heavy mud in ready(1-2 ppg higher)

Controlled ROP

Use of Viscous pills instead of weighted pills

High circulation rates

Float in string

160

INTERLOCKED

Close Diverter

Switch suctions to heavy mud

Increase pump speed to maximum

Circulate heavy mud round

Flow check

If still positive continue pumping.( if mud finished

continue with water)

161

Well Control

Complications

162

163

164

Lost Circulation

Formation breakdown

Fractures and Fissures

Bad cement

165

Loss Circulation

Categories:

Partial losses

(5-50 bbl/Hr)

Severe losses

(>50bbl/Hr)

Complete losses (unable to maintain fluid

level at surface with desired mud weight)

166

Hydrates

Hydrates

167

Hydrates

What are hydrates?

Hydrates are a solid mixture of water and natural gas

(commonly methane).

Once formed, hydrates are similar to dirty ice .

168

Hydrates

Why are they important?

Hydrates can cause severe problems by

forming a plug in Well Control equipment, and

may completely blocking flow path.

One cubic foot of hydrate can contain as much

as 170 cubic feet of gas.

Hydrates could also form on the outside of the

BOP stack in deepwater.

169

Hydrates

Where do they form?

In deepwater Drilling

High Wellhead Pressure

Low Wellhead temperature

170

Hydrates

How to prevent hydrates?

Good primary well control = no gas in well bore

Composition of Drilling Fluid by using OBM or

Chloride (Salt) in WBM.

Well bore temperature as high as possible

Select proper Mud Weight to minimize wellhead

pressure.

injecting methanol or glycol at a rate of 0.5 - 1 gal per

minutes on the upstream side of a choke

171

Hydrates

172

173

Tripping Dry

pulled from the hole, the

mud level will fall.

174

Tripping Dry

The volume of fall is equal

to the volume of steel

pulled from the hole.

The trip tank is then used

to fill up the hole.

If 1 barrel of steel is

removed from the hole,

then using the trip tank, we

have to add 1 barrel of

mud.

175

Tripping Dry

1- Calculate the volume of steel

pulled:

Length x Metal Displacement

Example:

DP Metal Disp = 0.00764 bbls/ft

Length Pulled 93 feet

Volume Of Steel Pulled:

93 x 0.00764 = 0.711 bbls

176

Tripping Dry

You must pump 0.711 barrel of

mud from the trip tank.

You must investigate ( flow

check) if more mud or less mud

is needed.

177

Tripping Dry

3- NO FILL UP:

If you fail to fill up the hole, the

mud level will drop by the

volume of steel pulled.

It will drop inside the pipe and

in the annulus.

178

Tripping Dry

3- NO FILL UP:

Example:

Volume Of Steel Pulled:

93 x 0.00764 = 0.711 bbls

Annular Capacity: 0.0504 bbl/ft

The mud will drop inside the pipe

and the annular:

0.01776 + 0.0504 = 0.06816 bbl/ft

179

Tripping Dry

3- NO FILL UP:

Example Contd:

The volume of drop is 0.711 bbls and will

drop in a volume of

0.06816 bbl / ft,

then the length of drop will be:

0.711 / 0.06816 = 10.4 feet.

If 93 feet (1 stand) are pulled with no fill

up, the mud level will drop by 10.4 feet.

180

Tripping Wet

pulled from the hole, the

mud level will fall.

181

Tripping Wet

The volume of fall is equal

to the volume of steel

pulled from the hole plus

the volume of mud inside

this pipe.

The trip tank is then used

to fill up the hole.

If 3 barrels of steel and

mud are removed from the

hole, then using the trip

tank, we have to add 3

barrels of mud.

182

Tripping Wet

1- Calculate the volume of steel

pulled:

Length x Metal Displacement

Example:

DP Metal Disp = 0.00764 bbls/ft

Length Pulled 93 feet

Volume Of Steel Pulled:

93 x 0.00764 = 0.711 bbls

183

Tripping Wet

2- Calculate the volume of mud

pulled:

Length x DP Capacity

Example:

DP Capacity = 0.01776 bbls/ft

Length Pulled 93 feet

Volume Of Mud Pulled:

93 x 0.01776 = 1.65 bbls

184

Tripping Wet

steel and mud pulled:

1.65 + 0.711 = 2.36 barrels

185

Tripping Wet

You must pump 2.36 barrels of

mud from the trip tank.

You must investigate ( flow

check) if more mud or less mud

is needed.

186

Tripping Wet

5- NO FILL UP:

If you fail to fill up the hole, the

mud level will drop by the

volume of steel and mud pulled.

It will drop inside the annulus.

187

Tripping Wet

5- NO FILL UP:

Example:

Volume Of Steel and Mud Pulled:

93 x (0.00764+0.01776) = 2.36 bbls

The mud will drop inside the

annular by:

2.36 / 0.0504 = 46.9 feet

188

Pumping a Slug

It is usefull to pump a slug before tripping.

The slug weight being heavier than the mud, a length of pipe will be

empty.

compensate for the empty pipe.

189

Pumping a Slug

The total HP is the same on both sides of the pipe.

HP kmw

HP mud

HP mud

190

Pumping a Slug

Example:

If 20 bbls of 12 ppg slug are pumped in a 10,000 ft hole containing

10 ppg mud, what will be the height of empty pipe?

DP capacity = 0.01776 bbl/ft

1- Calculate the height of the slug:

20 / 0.01776 = 1126 ft

191

Pumping a Slug

2- Calculate the HP of the slug:

1126 x 12 x 0.052 = 702.6 psi

702.6 psi

192

Pumping a Slug

2- Calculate the HP of the mud in the annulus:

10,000 x 10 x 0.052 = 5,200 psi

702.6 psi

5,200 psi

193

Pumping a Slug

3- The total hydrostatic beeing the same on both sides,

calculate the HP of the mud below the slug:

5,200 - 702.6 = 4497.4 psi

702.6 psi

5,200 psi

4497.4 psi

194

Pumping a Slug

4- Calculate the height of mud needed to give 4497.4 psi as

a HP:

TVD = 4497.4 / ( 10 x 0.052 ) = 8648.8 feet

1,126 ft

10,000 ft

8648.8 ft

195

Pumping a Slug

4- Calculate the height of empty pipe

10,000 - 8648.8 - 1,126 = 225.2 ft

225.2 ft

1,126 ft

10,000 ft

8648.8 ft

196

- Recommendations on How GBR Can Be Prepared for Rock Tunnel ProjectsHochgeladen vonjlp0529
- ABERDEEN Drilling Schools - Well ControlHochgeladen vonmarcos_m_silva
- CDR Report Sample for Civil Engineer ReviewMyCDRHochgeladen vonMark Peter
- 16_Lubricate and Bleed ProcedureHochgeladen vonAbdul Hameed Omar
- COA.PDFHochgeladen vonSyed Ali
- SPE-106346-MSHochgeladen vonManthan Marvaniya
- 7460 Engine Exhaust AnalyzersHochgeladen vonSarath Chandra
- Machine Fdn. TipsHochgeladen vonMani Mohan
- 2014年西南交通大学主要学术期刊分级目录（试行）Hochgeladen vonycitdhb
- Bsms StructureHochgeladen vonanoop
- 1.1 Introduction to Plant OperationHochgeladen vonabyzen
- Permitting ProcessHochgeladen vonRadu Ionut
- Elaflex Hose Photocontest 2011 ResultsHochgeladen vonvuong
- 2008SSD-42_v04Hochgeladen vonFandy Armanda
- 53 Projects for the National Science and Technology Chemical Engineering AwardHochgeladen vonsolids_control
- Feasibilty Radial Drilling RevisedHochgeladen vonAbrar Ahmed Khan
- manish apprentship.pdfHochgeladen vonAnonymous LtB1F5urc
- 1 IntroductionHochgeladen vonmuhardijaya
- Summary GeojaxHochgeladen vonRaymond
- Quantity EnglishHochgeladen vonReza Prasetyo
- jawaban99[1]Hochgeladen vonAaron Jrz Ramsey
- Assignment#2 PMS.pdfHochgeladen vonPraneeth
- Desain EspHochgeladen vonAkbar Fakhrurroji
- advanced constraction tecnologyHochgeladen vonshan iqbal
- 10. Daftar Pustaka (1)Hochgeladen vonCici Kirani
- Designguidelines HVAC SimulationHochgeladen vonAAKAR ARCHITECTS
- 0-KNS4442 Integrated Design Project 1_CP-EE_220217 (1)Hochgeladen vonDarren Ðavenç
- Pd6694-1 - Generic Vehicle Rev4 -BurriedHochgeladen vonstavros_sterg
- Gefech RsfHochgeladen vonbill
- New Austrian Tunnelling MethodHochgeladen vonChristian Suryono Sanjaya

- Tbg DesignHochgeladen vonAnonymous rey6aU3Z
- 9Hochgeladen vonAnonymous rey6aU3Z
- Buoyancy CalcHochgeladen vonAnonymous rey6aU3Z
- lpHochgeladen vonAnonymous rey6aU3Z
- LOTPHochgeladen vonAb Haf
- MDHochgeladen vonAnonymous rey6aU3Z
- DrillMHochgeladen vonAnonymous rey6aU3Z
- TTI Element Differential CalculatorHochgeladen vonAnonymous rey6aU3Z
- Copy of Compression CalculatorHochgeladen vonAnonymous rey6aU3Z
- Exams Ielts Mc Pt ReadansHochgeladen vonEr Pradip Patel
- IncotermsHochgeladen vonvairag
- ShaikhAyaz.pdfHochgeladen vonAnonymous rey6aU3Z
- Hassan Dars - PoetryHochgeladen vonAnonymous rey6aU3Z
- Eligibility CalculatorHochgeladen vonAnonymous rey6aU3Z
- Liner EquationsHochgeladen vonNantha Kumaran
- CEMENT_CALCULATOR.xls.xlsHochgeladen vonAnonymous rey6aU3Z
- Work Over Systems KnowledgeHochgeladen vonAnonymous rey6aU3Z
- Geology McqHochgeladen vonAceSpades
- Work Over Systems KnowledgeHochgeladen vonAnonymous rey6aU3Z
- Hydraulic Fracturing StudyHochgeladen vonAnonymous rey6aU3Z
- Corrosion allowanceHochgeladen vonReni Mutiara Sari
- Petroleum DictionaryHochgeladen vonAnonymous rey6aU3Z
- Completion HardwareHochgeladen vonAnonymous rey6aU3Z
- Seals – Performance and SelectionHochgeladen vonKevin Steinbach
- Packer_Failure.pdfHochgeladen vonAnonymous rey6aU3Z
- Basic Drilling Engineering[1]Hochgeladen vonhabboosh
- 39707748 How to Run and Cement LinersHochgeladen vonMario Bertoneri
- Well Integrity IntroHochgeladen vonAnonymous rey6aU3Z

- Schlumberger - Casing HardwareHochgeladen vonJairo Cortes
- DrillingHochgeladen vonAnonymous tnaw4o
- Drilling TechnologyHochgeladen vonDon Pope
- How Does a Drillship WorkHochgeladen vonrajasekharbo
- A-1a_CV Resume of Bb.SHochgeladen vonRandy Yanto
- Drilling EngineeringHochgeladen vonKing Everest
- Lesson 4.PptHochgeladen vonGreg Hearting
- Down the Hole BitsHochgeladen vonEdwin Velasquez
- shocks n vibrationsHochgeladen vonSLACKENGINEER
- Underbalanced DrillingHochgeladen vonZul Atfi
- Well PlanningHochgeladen vonAbrar Ahmed Khan
- Oilfield Drilling Mud DesanderHochgeladen vonkosunlucy
- Fest Ningen Exercise 2012Hochgeladen vonمحمد سعيد
- 00030364Hochgeladen vonizzyguy
- 2009 EP Versatile HWOHochgeladen voneefarias
- The Trial Transcript Will Be Made Available to the Public Once It Has Been Certified and Distributed by the Official Court ReporterHochgeladen vonOSDocs2012
- IPM-PR-HSE-005 Preparation of a Simops ManualHochgeladen vonReza Irani
- Reelwell Drilling Method Makes Use of Dual Conduit Drill StringHochgeladen vonlulalala8888
- bp macondo well incidentHochgeladen vonapi-235187189
- UBD.pptxHochgeladen vonhamza72
- Abu Rudeis – Drilling EngineeringHochgeladen vonJhon Fredy Sanabria
- 04-slide-drilling.pdfHochgeladen vonkrishnsgk
- Exwell Lock MandrelHochgeladen vonLuis David Concha Castillo
- 1. Cap 17 Well Costing - Libro Well Engineering and ConsHochgeladen voncapl930
- 01 BOP and Control SystemHochgeladen vonAustin Asuquo
- Riser Loads RevisedHochgeladen vonVenkata BV
- C21462-214 CCR Chp 4-6 Negative Pressure TestHochgeladen vonsaturno272002
- SCALLOP-TELS ÚTEIS BR-1Hochgeladen vonWesleyBianquini
- Chapter 4 Hole ProblemHochgeladen vonIkhmal Firdaus
- Well ControlHochgeladen vonChristian Perner

## Viel mehr als nur Dokumente.

Entdecken, was Scribd alles zu bieten hat, inklusive Bücher und Hörbücher von großen Verlagen.

Jederzeit kündbar.