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hazards precautions before,

during, and after..

What Should I Do Before, During,

And After An Earthquake

What to Do Before an Earthquake

Make sure you have a fire extinguisher, first aid kit, a batterypowered radio, a flashlight, and extra batteries at home.
Learn first aid.
Learn how to turn off the gas, water, and electricity.
Make up a plan of where to meet your family after an earthquake.
Anchor heavy furniture, cupboards, and appliances to the walls or
Learn the earthquake plan at your school or workplace.

What to Do During an Earthquake

Stay calm! If you're indoors, stay inside. If you're outside,
stay outside.
If you're outdoors, stay in the open away from power lines
or anything that might fall. Stay away from buildings (stuff
might fall off the building or the building could fall on you).
Don't use matches, candles, or any flame. Broken gas lines
and fire don't mix.
If you're in a car, stop the car and stay inside the car until
the earthquake stops.
Don't use elevators (they'll probably get stuck anyway).

What to Do After an Earthquake

Check yourself and others for injuries. Provide first
aid for anyone who needs it.
Turn on the radio. Don't use the phone unless it's an
Stay out of damaged buildings.
Be careful around broken glass and debris. Wear
boots or sturdy shoes to keep from cutting your feet.
Stay away from damaged areas.
If you're at school or work, follow the emergency
plan or the instructions of the person in charge.

What Should I Do Before, During,

And After An Volcanic Eruption

Here are precautionary measures before volcanic eruption

1. Each one should be aware of the dangers that volcanic eruptions pose to lives and be prepared
to face whatever circumstances the eruption may bring.
2. Prepare all necessary things to bring once evacuation is needed. Those in danger zones are
warned when to evacuate. Once given the signal refrain from saying you will be all right. Refusing
to evacuate will pose more serious problems.
3. Store as much food, water, light sources and batteries that are very useful in case of emergency.
4. Volcanic eruptions have ash falls so be prepared for masks or anything to cover nose and mouth.
5. Prioritize the safety of kids before other things. If you have relatives or friends who are far from
the volcano, take your children there until such time that your place is safe.


are precautionary measures during volcanic eruptions

1. Avoid all low-lying places because lava flows and mudflows are more likely to pass here.
2. Seek cover in case of ash falls rock falls.
3. Use masks and cover your mouth and nose to avoid breathing in ashes.
4. If you are inside a house; close all doors and windows to avoid ashes from getting inside.
5. Always stay indoors.
6. Stay in the evacuation center until further instructions. Do not attempt to leave the
place unless told to do.
7. Keep a watchful eye on the kids because they might be tempted to go out and see
whats going on outside.

Here are precautionary measures after volcanic

1. Go back to your house but leave the kids behind
someone who can take care of them while you check your
2. Clean everything around and check all damages
3. Use masks while cleaning ash and other debris.
4. Wait for further announcements related to the volcano
5. Make sure that your house is still safe for all of you.

Precautionary Measures Before, During And

After Tsunamis

Before a tsunami
Watch out for warning signs. Remember to run
uphill when you are near the shore and you felt an
earthquake, when you observe animals heading
uphill or away from the shore, or when you
observe the water at the beaches recede into the

During a Tsunami
If you run uphill on the first warning signs, you will
probably have enough time to reach safe high
ground. If not, the only thing you can try is to
climb up a tree, although there is no assurance
that the water will not reach you. The best thing is
to run at the first warning signs or when an
evacuation announcement has been made.

After a Tsunami
You will have to wait for some time to make sure
there are no other waves coming after the first
wave before you clear up the debris. A tsunami is
a series of waves. The first wave may not be the
most dangerous. The waves may come five
minutes apart to an hour apart. The cycle may be
marked by repeated retreating and advancing of
the ocean or sea. Do not go to the shore once the
first wave has gone. Expect more to come.

What to Do Before, During and After a

Landslide or Debris Flow

Before a Landslide
To begin preparing, you should build an emergency kit and
make a family communications plan.
Prepare for landslides by following proper land-use procedures
- avoid building near steep slopes, close to mountain edges,
near drainage ways or along natural erosion valleys.
Become familiar with the land around you. Learn whether
debris flows have occurred in your area by contacting local
officials. Slopes where debris flows have occurred in the past
are likely to experience them in the future.
Get a ground assessment of your property.

During a Landslide
Listen to local news stations on a battery-powered
radio for warnings of heavy rainfall.
Listen for unusual sounds that might indicate
moving debris, such as trees cracking or boulders
knocking together.
Move away from the path of a landslide or debris
flow as quickly as possible. The danger from a
mudflow increases near stream channels and with
prolonged heavy rains. Mudflows can move faster
than you can walk or run. Look upstream before
crossing a bridge and do not cross the bridge if a
mudflow is approaching.
Avoid river valleys and low-lying areas.

After a Landslide
Stay away from the slide area. There may be
danger of additional slides.
Listen to local radio or television stations for the
latest emergency information.
Watch for flooding, which may occur after a
landslide or debris flow. Floods sometimes follow
landslides and debris flows because they may both
be started by the same event.

Precautionary Measures We Follow Before,

During, And After A Typhoon

Before a Typhoon:
Help your family check and fix your house for any damage
(especially the roofs and windows), so it can withstand the
strong winds.
Remind your family members to stock up an adequate food
supply such as rice, canned goods, and foods that would last
even without refrigeration.
Stock up an adequate supply of drinking water, and water for
cleaning or other purposes.
Prepare flashlights, batteries for flashlights and radio, candles
and kerosene lamps, or other lighting devices.
Prepare a first-aid kit.

During a Typhoon:
Stay calm and be alert.
Stay indoors. Postpone any plans of travels or
Monitor the weather reports. Check what is
happening around you.
When local authorities advise you to evacuate, do
so. Move family pets and valuable to a safe place;
turn off gas valves, electricity and water, when safe
to do so.

After a Typhoon:
Have a knowledgeable person inspect electrical wiring
before using electrical appliances. It is usually advisable
not to use appliances immediately after a typhoon
especially if your house got flooded.
Check for any damage, including water pipes, and help
make necessary repairs as soon as possible.
Boil water before drinking it to avoid getting sick.
Wear slippers, shoes or other footwear, for protection
from any sharp or pointed objects that might have fallen.