Sie sind auf Seite 1von 35

Pertemuan ke-6

Kelembaban udara

Topik Bahasan
Siklus

hidrologi
Definisi kelembaban udara
Pengukuran kelembaban udara
Kelembaban udara di permukaan
Kenyamanan

Review

Tabel 1. Suhu udara rata-rata


bulanan (0C)

Contoh soal
Kota
Akzhar, Kazakhstan
Perth, Australia
Wellington, New
Zealand
Amsterdam,
Netherlands

md
pl
365
20
128
2

Lintang

Bujur

450 57

770 14

LU
310 56

BT
115 58

LS
410 17

BT
174 46

LS
520 18

BT
040 46

LU
210 29

BT
390 50

Kode
Lokasi

Ra
161
Kod
Fe
Se
De
LU
BT
Jan
Mar Apr Mei Jun Jul Agu
Okt Nov
taa
e
b
p
s
n
A
17 16 16 13 11 10 8
9
10 11 13 15 12
B
24 24 22 18 16 13 12 13 14 16 18 21 18
C
-12 -2
-1
9
15 21 23 21 15
6
-2 -10 6
D
23 24 27 31 34 35 35 35 35 32 28 25 31
E
3
2
6
8
12 15 16 16 14 10
6
4
10

Mecca, Saudi Arabia

Siklus Hidrologi

Hydrology cycle

This cycle of moving and transforming water molecules from liquid to


vapor and back to liquid again is called the hydrologic (water)

Definisi kelembaban udara


Tekanan

uap air (vapor pressure)


Suhu titik embun (dew point)
Titik beku (frost point)
Relative humidity
Saturation deficit
Mixing ratio, r (g/Kg)

Definisi:
Tekanan uap air

Definisi:
dewpoint
a

point on a temperature scale being the


temperature to which the air must be
cooled for the moisture present to
represent saturation
the temperature of a can of drink from
the refrigerator when the dew just
disappears from the surface
the temperature of water with a vapour
pressure equal to that of the ambient
atmosphere

Definisi:
Frostpoint
The

temperature at which ice has


the same vapour pressure as that of
water vapour in the air

Definisi:
Relative Humidity
The

ratio of the airs vapour pressure


(e) to the saturated vapour pressure
at the airs temperature e ,
expressed as a percentage
the ratio of the water actually
present in the air to the maximum
amount that could be present at the
airs temperature
a poor index of the amount of
moisture in the atmosphere, because

the higher you camp, the longer cooking


takes

Definisi:
Relative Humidity: Desert air Vs Polar Air
Higher

RH?
Higher water vapor?

Definisi:
Mixing ratio, r (g/Kg)
the

ratio of the mass of water vapour


in a unit mass of air (excluding the
vapour)
advantage : remaining unaltered
when a parcel of air rises or falls in
the atmosphere, so long as there is
no evaporation or condensation.

Definisi:
Mixing ratio, r (g/Kg)

Pengukuran Kelembaban
Udara
Psychrometer
Wet-bulb

depression

Tabel estimasi nilai suhu titik embun

Tabel estimasi nilai kelembaban relatif

Humidity at surface
depends

on:

the latitude
proximity to the sea
Elevation
the season
time of day
urbanisation

Humidity at surface:
increasing latitude
Increasing

latitude is associated with


lower vapour pressures

Humidity at surface:
increasing latitude: RH Vs Water vapor
Higher

RH?
Higher water vapor?

Humidity at surface:
Distance from the Ocean
Vapour

pressures are increased by


evaporation from nearby warm
oceans

Humidity at surface:
elevation

Humidity at surface:
season

Humidity at surface:
daily variation

Humidity at surface:
daily variation

Sebaran Kelembaban Nisbi menurut Waktu

RH lebih tinggi pada malam hari dibandingkan siang hari, karena


tekanan uap jenuh semakin tinggi dengan naiknya suhu udara
sedangkan tekanan uap aktual relatif tetap pada siang maupun malam.

Humidity at surface:
city Vs sub-urban

HUMIDITY AND HUMAN


COMFORT
21-22 C
24-25 C
Clothing,

humidity

wind, radiation and

Contoh soal

Pada suhu 28,4 0C RH=80%


Pada suhu 15,5 0C RH=90%
Mana yang mengandung uap air terbesar?

Contoh soal B-S


Kelembaban

udara relatif pada suhu


titik embun adalah 100%
Selisih antara 30 0C dan 250C adalah
90F
Permukaan daratan dan lautan
mempunyai respon yang tidak
berbeda terhadap radiasi matahari
yang datang
Semakin besar perbedaan suhu bola
basah dengan suhu bola kering pada

Manakah

yang paling cepat


berkondensasi
a. RH 70%
b. RH 90%
c. Vpd =0,15 es
d. ea=0.91 es