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Comparative

Economic
Indicator Analysis
of Malaysia
PREPARED FOR: TASNEEMA AFRIN
COURSE INSTRUCTOR, MANAGERIAL
ECONOMICS

Malaysia

Thailand
Philippines
Indonesia
Singapore

Base
Country

Comparing
Countries

Common Indicators (70 %)

Social

Life
expectancy
Unemployment
Labor force
GINI Index
Health
Expenditure
Internet User

Financial

Broad Money
Inflation
CPI

Economic Policy

GDP
GNI
Export of
Goods and
services
FDI

Public and private


sector

Ease of doing
business
Cash
Surplus/Deficit
Expense
Export Value
Index

Country Specific Indicators


(30 %)

Malaysia

Tourism &
Medical
Tourism
Natural
Resources

Indonesia

Manufacturing
Natural
Resources

Thailand

Manufacturing
Tourism
Agriculture

Philippines

Shipbuilding
Automotive

Singapore

Financial &
Banking
Maritime

Methodology

Distribute the 70% weight among common indicators based on their


relative importance
We considered 10 years data for each indicator and calculated the
weighted average.
Compare the values for each indicator and assign relative score.
Relative will be between 0 and 100.
Most efficient country will get 100 and least efficient country will
get 0. And the countries in between get scores proportionally.
Multiply the relative score with assigned weight and add them
together.
Now add them with scores of country specific indicators to get a final
score out of 100.

Country

10 Years
Relative Score
Weighted Average

Malaysia
Indonesia
Philippines
Thailand
Singapore

Indicator
Weight

Final Score

221.0836

48.28

0.01

0.482847

264.7831

74.27

0.01

0.74274

139.8959

0.00

0.01

308.0397

100.00

0.01

223.1898

49.54

0.01

0.495373

Broad money growth

Country
Malaysia
Indonesia
Philippines
Thailand
Singapore

Weighted Average

Relative Score

7.498354017

78.67

13.04402714

0.00

12.33689996

10.03

7.881399927

73.23

5.994506479

100.00

Commercial service exports


(current US$)
Country
Malaysia
Indonesia
Philippines
Thailand
Singapore

Weighted Average

Relative Score

37584546202

16.48

20025564850

0.00

22007110117

1.86

49278924749

27.46

1.2656210

11

100.00

Consumer price index (2010 =


100):
Country
Malaysia
Indonesia
Philippines
Thailand
Singapore

Weighted Average

Relative Score

106.1681384

100.00

114.2140595

0.00

108.7063163

68.45

106.4001201

97.12

108.4413908

71.75

Ease of doing business index


(1=most business-friendly
regulations):
Country
Malaysia
Indonesia
Philippines
Thailand
Singapore

Weighted Average
22.52631579
98.10526316
99
46
2.473684211

Relative Score
79.23
0.93
0.00
54.91
100.00

Expense (% of GDP):

Country
Malaysia
Indonesia
Philippines
Thailand
Singapore

Weighted Average
19.9881064
14.99016506
16.54558857
18.71843962
13.12935349

Relative Score
0.00
72.87
50.19
18.51
100.00

Cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP):

Country
Malaysia
Indonesia
Philippines
Thailand
Singapore

Weighted Average
-4.752255719
-1.242945689
-2.356106492
-0.604847569
7.589985024

Relative Score
0.00
28.43
19.41
33.60
100.00

Export value index (2000 =


100):
Country
Malaysia
Indonesia
Philippines
Thailand
Singapore

Weighted Average
221.0836406
264.7830826
139.8959305
308.0396838
223.1898152

Relative Score
48.28
74.27
0.00
100.00
49.54

Exports of goods and services


(current US$):
Country
Malaysia
Indonesia
Philippines
Thailand
Singapore

Weighted Average
232761159198.19
198541096403.20
75008667066.86
256346002123.47
529364070615.60

Relative Score
34.72
27.19
0.00
39.91
100.00

Foreign direct investment, net


(BoP, current US$):
Country
Malaysia
Indonesia
Philippines
Thailand
Singapore

Weighted Average

Relative Score

3726992408
-11490258762
524871002.8
-101397256.7
-23884095614

0.00
55.11
11.60
13.87
100.00

GDP per capita, PPP (current


international $):
Country
Malaysia
Indonesia
Philippines
Thailand
Singapore

Weighted Average

Relative Score

23662.15435
9635.137987
6370.691892
14769.932
77722.50537

24.23
4.58
0.00
11.77
100.00

GINI index (World Bank


estimate):
Country
Malaysia
Indonesia
Philippines
Thailand
Singapore

Weighted Average
46.2075
39.47
42.99666667
38.75
46.4

Relative Score
2.52
90.59
44.49
100.00
0.00

GNI per capita, PPP (current


international $):
Country
Malaysia
Indonesia
Philippines
Thailand
Singapore

Weighted Average
22940.44444
9332.222222
7824.444444
14046.22222
75264.22222

Relative Score
22.41
2.24
0.00
9.23
100.00

Health expenditure, public (%


of government expenditure):
Country
Malaysia
Indonesia
Philippines
Thailand
Singapore

Weighted Average
6.093752
5.832488
8.89901
21.70872
11.48048

Relative Score
1.65
0.00
19.32
100.00
35.58

High-technology exports
(current US$):
Country
Malaysia
Indonesia
Philippines
Thailand
Singapore

Weighted Average
59097634119
5276494297
21795607543
33306206120
1.27247E+11

Relative Score
44.13
0.00
13.54
22.98
100.00

Import value index (2000 =


100):
Country
Malaysia
Indonesia
Philippines
Thailand
Singapore

Weighted Average
227.63
378.48
169.32
351.97
206.98

Relative Score
44.13
0.00
13.54
22.98
100.00

Inflation, consumer prices


(annual %):
Country
Malaysia
Indonesia
Philippines
Thailand
Singapore

Weighted Average
2.361104012
5.927066269
3.471761438
1.850121584
2.254109425

Relative Score
87.47
0.00
60.22
100.00
90.09

Internet users (per 100


people):
Country
Malaysia
Indonesia
Philippines
Thailand
Singapore

Weighted Average
62.40672451
14.97924095
32.23645778
29.31077264
76.07500633

Relative Score
77.63
0.00
28.25
23.46
100.00

Labor force, total:

Country
Malaysia
Indonesia
Philippines
Thailand
Singapore

Weighted Average
12596281.17
119748762.8
41527464.17
39527147.53
2950823.306

Relative Score
8.26
100.00
33.03
31.32
0.00

Life expectancy at birth, total


(years):
Country
Malaysia
Indonesia
Philippines
Thailand
Singapore

Relative Score
74.39193
68.45524
67.98219
73.98367
81.93049

Weighted Average
45.95
3.39
0.00
43.03
100.00

Logistics performance index:


Overall (1=low to 5=high):
Country

Relative Score

Weighted Average

Malaysia
Indonesia
Philippines
Thailand
Singapore

49.86
0.00
3.32
31.27
100.00

74.39192751
68.45523509
67.98218699
73.98366734
81.9304878

Revenue, excluding grants (%


of GDP):
Country
Malaysia
Indonesia
Philippines
Thailand
Singapore

Weighted Average
20.81725259
15.1743783
14.18702179
19.44275666
17.78735874

Relative Score
100.00
14.89
0.00
79.27
54.30

Time to export (days):

Country
Malaysia
Indonesia
Philippines
Thailand
Singapore

Weighted Average
11.83333333
14.95833333
15.19444444
14.08333333
4.8

Relative Score
32.34
2.27
0.00
10.69
100.00

Time to import (days):

Country
Malaysia
Indonesia
Philippines
Thailand
Singapore

Weighted Average
8.833333333
22.025
14.61111111
13.02777778
3.2

Relative Score
70.08
0.00
39.38
47.79
100.00

Unemployment, total (% of total


labor force) (national estimate):

Country
Malaysia
Indonesia
Philippines
Thailand
Singapore

Weighted Average
3.136111114
6.616666608
7.077777836
0.883333339
2.75555557

Relative Score
63.63
7.44
0.00
100.00
69.78

Research and development


expenditure (% of GDP):

Country
Malaysia
Indonesia
Philippines
Thailand
Singapore

Weighted Average
1.09197322
2.120761931
0.386824113
0.125185624
0.084419

Relative Score
49.48
100.00
14.85
2.00
0.00

Conclusion

Malaysia is one of the fastest growing south east Asian countries

Areas of improvement

Skilled labor force

R&D

Expense (%of GDP)

Cash surplus/deficit (%of GDP)

Opportunity

Export of goods

Export of commercial services

Conclusion

Dependency on Chinese labor force

Lack of quality educational institutes

Uncontrolled immigration problem

Problems with labor policy

Too much tourism dependency

Country specific indicator


(Malaysia)

Tourism and Medical Tourism

Malaysia Truly Asia

Offers variety of experience from Petronus Twin Tower to vast forests

High quality treatment at low cost

Government patronization

Availability of English speaking users

Natural resources

Natural rubber

Palm oil

Timber and timber related products

Natural oil reserve

Natural gas reserve

Country specific indicators


(Thailand)

Manufacturing:

Electronic manufacturing and export

Automobile industry

Tourism

Government promotion

South and south east Asian regional hub

Cultural richness

Agriculture

Rice

Fishery (Deep sea fishing)

Dairy industry

Rubber industry

Country specific indicators


(Philippines)

Shipbuilding

Fourth largest

Builder in goods carrier

Small scale passenger carrier

Automotive:

Fast growing

Low involvement in R&D

Indonesia

Manufacturing

Diversified manufacturing basket

Food & beverage, electronic goods, transport equipment, chemicals


and pharmaceuticals

Poor infrastructure and corruption are major threat

Natural resources

Gas, oil

Tin, copper, gold

Geographical location are major problem to extraction

Singapore

Financial services:

One of the top financial hub in the world

3rd largest forex trading center

6th largest wealth management and offshore banking center

Maritime:

One of the busiest port in the world

Plan to make mega port

Experience a threat of declining activities