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TRENCHLESS

TECHNOLOGY
GUIDEDBYPRESENTEDBY

Mrs.ANJUBALASURYAVEERSANGWAN
H.O.DMANOJKUMAR
DepartmentofCivilEngineeringAZIZAHMED

ROHITYADAV
Semester6,Civil

CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION
TRENCHLESSCONSTRUCTIONMETHODS
TRENCHLESSRENEWALMETHODS
TRENCHLESSTECHNOLOGYININDIA
ADVANTAGESOFTTOVERTRADITIONAL
OPENCUTTRENCHES
CONCLUSION

Type of subsurface construction work


that requires few trenches or no
continuous trenches

INTRODUCTION
TTtechniquesincludemethodsofpipeline&
utilityinstallationswithminimumamountof
surfaceexcavation.
TTtechniquesaremainlydividedintotwomain
areas:TRENCHLESSCONSTRUCTION
METHODS(TCM)andTRENCHLESSRENEWAL
METHODS(TRM).
TCMincludesallmethodsfornewutility&
pipelineinstallations.

Continuation... .
TRMincludesallmethodsofrenewing,or
renovatinganexistingoldorhostpipeline.
Trenchlessconstructionandrenewalprojectis
sitespecific&itssuccessfulcompletionis
dependentonfactorssuchasaccuracy,maximum
installationlength,diameterrange,&typeof
application.

TRENCHLESS CONSTRUCTION

METHODS
Dividedintotwomajorcategories:
HORIZONTALEARTHBORING
PIPEJACKING/UTILITYTUNNELING

HORIZONTALEARTHBORING
Itincludes
AugerBoring
Moling
PipeRamming
WaterJetting
Microtunneling

AUGERBORING
Usedforinstallationofsteelpipesand
casings,especiallyunderrailways&road
embankments.
Veryeconomical.
Itreducesdamagetopavementsand
disruptiontotraffic,hencereducessocial
costsassociatedwithpipelineinstallations.

Fig.1: AUGER BORING MACHINE

MOLING
Usedforlayingwaterpipes.
Duringmolingprocess,apneumaticallydriven
machineknownasamoleforcesitswaythrough
thesoilalongthedesiredpathofthepipe.
Moleisasteelcylinderabout60cmlongand6cm
indiameter,worksasapneumaticcylinderwith
pulsedcompressedaircausingtheheadofthe
moletorepeatedlyhammeragainstthesoilin
frontofthemole.

Fig.2: MOLE

PIPERAMMING/PIPEJACKING
Usedforinstallationofsteelpipesand
casingsoverdistancesusuallyupto30m
longandupto1.5mindia.
Itisalsousedforshallowinstallations
underrailwaylinesandroads.
Itcanbeappliedforhorizontalaswellas
verticalinstallations.
Methodispneumatic.

PIPEJACKING
JackingProcedure:

Fig.4:STEPSINPIPEJACKING

WATERJETTING
Methodissimple.
Ituseshighspeedjetofwatertoliquefyand
removesoil.
Specialnozzleisattachedattheendofasolid
rod&extendedintotheborehole.
Disadvantages:
poorcontrolofovercut.
disposaloflargequantitiesofwater.
possibilityofgroundsettlement.

MICROTUNNELING
Usedtoconstructsmalltunnelsforlaying
gravitypipelines.
Microtunnelboringmachinesareoperated
remotely.
Operatorcontrolsthemachinefroma
controlroomonthesurfaceofground.
Mostmachinesalsohavevideocamerasset
uptogivemoreinformation.

Microtunnelboringmachines

TRENCHLESSRENEWALMETHODS
TRMcanbecategorizedintothefollowing
types:
SlipLining
Grout

SLIPLINING
Aflexiblepipeofslightlysmallerdiaisslid
throughanexistingpipe.
Usedtorepairleaksorrestorestructuralstability
toanexistingpipeline.
Completedbyinstallingasmallcarrierpipeinto
alargehostpipegroutingtheannularspace
betweenthetwopipes.
Materialsusedarehighdensitypolyethylene,
fiberreinforcedplastic,polyvinylchloride.

GROUT
Groutisactuallyavarietyofmaterialsused
tofillvoids,stabilizesoil,holdbricksin
place,coatcement,&preventinfiltration.
Atypicalgroutingapplicationinnew
constructionistosealthejointsbetween
segmentedconcretepipe.

TRENCHLESSTECHNOLOGYININDIA
Needforadoptionoftrenchlesstechnology
inIndia.
Trenchlessmarket.

DISADVANTAGESOFTRADITIONAL
OPENTRENCHMETHOD
Itinvolvesexcavation,piperemoval,pipe
replacement,backfilling,andsiterestoration.
Pumpingmayberequiredinareaswithahigh
watertable.
Usingopentrenchmethodstoinstallorrepair
undergroundutilitieswillinvariablycause
disruptiontonormalactivities.
Trafficmaybeblocked,surfaceoperationsmay
beinterrupted,&anopentrenchitselfpresentsa
danger.

BENEFITSOFTRENCHLESS
TECHNOLOGY
Excavationisnotnecessarybetweenaccess
points.
Requirelessspaceunderground,
minimizingchancesofinterferingwith
existingutilitiesorabandonedpipes.
Aregenerallyquietandnodisruptive.
Requirelessexposedworkingarea&
thereforearesaferforbothworkers&the
community.

CONCLUSION
MostrecentdevelopmentsinTTistheuse
ofrobotics.
Robotsareabletoenterhazardous
environments.
TTrobotsareabletoprovideuserswith
digitaldata.

THANKYOU