You are on page 1of 40

Mark VIe System Overview and

Architecture

MARK VIe Control


System
The FIRST
Installation
in
INDIA
at our
Site
LANCO Kondapalli

Turbine Controls History


Mark I
Introduced
1966
Shipments
850
Application
Gas Turbine
Relays for
Sequencing &
Discrete Solid-state
Technology for Control
Redundancy Single
Meters, PBs,
Operator
Switches, Relay
Interface
Annuniciator
Third Party
Interface

Mark II
1973
2181
Gas Turbine
Discrete Solid-state
for Sequencing. IC's
& Microprocessor for
Control
Single
Meters, PBs,
Switches, Solid-state
Annuniciator

Mark IV
Mark V
Mark VI
1982
1991
1997
1080
3411
915
Gas Turbine
Gas / Steam
Turbine / BOP
Complete
Upgradable CPUs.
Microprocessor
Distributed
VME Backplane.
Based. 8086/80286. Processors 186/196. Distributed
Proprietary Backplane Proprietary Backplane Controllers
Single / Triple
Single / Triple
Single / Triple
Black & White
PC. Initially
Monitor with
Proprietary. Later
Windows PC with
Membrane PBs
Windows, Cimplicity Cimplicity GUI
Modbus & Ethernet
Serial & Proprietary TCP-IP GSM

Mark VI e
2004
Governor / BOP
Upgradable CPUs.
cPCI Backplane.
Networked I/O.
Local/Remote
Single / Dual / Triple
Windows PC with
Cimplicity GUI

Modbus, Ethernet
Modbus, Ethernet
Hardwired
Hardwired
GSM, OPC, DNP 3.0 GSM, OPC, DNP 3.0
10MB Ethernet, Peer- 100MB Ethernet,
to-Peer
Peer-to-Peer
Networks
NA
NA
NA
Arcnet
Communications
Communications
Maintenance Analog Cablibration, Analog Cablibration,
Software Calibration, Software Calibration,
Interface
Pots, Timers
Pots, Timers
Software Calibration Software Calibration Windows Based
Windows Based

Overview
Common items in any Mark VIe Control
System
HMI
Viewer
IO Net

PD
H

IO Pack

Controller
Terminal Board

UD
H

HMI
Server

The Building Blocks


The I/O

The Controllers
The Software

The Networks

Communications

Unit Data Highway (UDH)


Connects Controllers and HMIs
Ethernet Global Data (EGD)
Usually 2 UDHs for redundancy

Plant Data Highway (PDH)


Connects HMI server with Printers, HMI
Viewers
Usually Dual Networks for Redundancy

I/O Network (IO Net)


Communications between
controllers and IO Packs
> Controller to Controller
Communication (<R> to
<S> to <T>)
> Controller to/from IO
Packs
Single, Dual, and Triple
networks

Human Machine Interface (HMI)


Win2K or WinXP O/S
Cimplicity
2 Types Servers, and Viewers
Servers- Can configure Cimplicity Project
Servers- Provide Data to Viewers
Viewers- Only for control and monitoring
not configuration

Communications with DCS


Four types
> Serial Modbus
Slave from HMI
Server
> Modbus Slave
over TCP/IP
> GE Standard
Messaging (GSM)
over TCP/IP
> OPC

Mark VIe Control Components


IO NET
Entron Ethernet
Switches no
configuration or
diagnostics.
Network 1 <R> Red
Network 2 <S> Black
Network 3 <T> Blue

Controller Enclosure

6 Slot CPCI
Backplane for power only
CPCI Power Supply
+-12, +5 +3.3 VDC
Optional 2nd Power
Supply

Controller
CPCI form factor for
mounting in rack
Operating System is QnX
Permanent storage is
Compact Flash
Up to 3 RJ-45 IO Net
connections
There are 3main
controllers:
> UCCA
> UCCC
> UCSA

IO Packs
1 Generic Processor
Board
1 PACK specific A/D
board
-30 Deg C. to +60 Deg
C.
IR Port
2 IONet Ethernet RJ45

T type Terminal Board


T Type
Supports 3 IO Packs
2 Barrier type removal terminal blocks
Supports Spade or Ring Lugs

S Type Terminal Board


1 IO Pack Per Board
Half the size of T type
Din Rail Mountable
High Density Terminal
Block

IONet Switches

Switch Types
N-TRON 500 Series
508TX 8 10/100 BaseTX RJ-45 Ports
516TX 16 10/100 BaseTX RJ-45 Ports
509FX 8 10/100 BaseTX RJ-45 Ports
1
100 BaseFX Fiber Port
517FX 16 10/100 BaseTX RJ-45 Ports
1
100 BaseFX Fiber Port

Features
Operating Temp: -40 to 85C
Operating Humidity: 10 to 95% Non-Condensing
Shock: 200g @ 10ms
Vibration / Seismic: 50g, 5-200Hz, Tri-axial
MTBF: > 2M hours
Auto-sensing 10/100 Base TX, Duplex, and MDIX
Up to 2.6Gb/s, High Speed Backplane
Steel Enclosure, Prevents EFI and RFI
DIN-Rail or Rack Mounted
Redundant Power Inputs 10-30Vdc,
- 200ma (w/o fiber) 400ma (w fiber) at 24Vdc
Bi-color LEDs for Link, Speed, Activity, and Duplex Status
Emissions and Safety Approvals
FCC Part 15 Class A
UL Listed (US & Canada)
Class 1, Div 2, Groups A, B, C, D, T4A
CE: EN55011, EN61000-6-2 and 6-4
EN61000-4-2,3,4,5,6,11, EN61010-1 Class III,
Pollution Degree 2

Designated Controller Determination


Weighted algorithm based
> Control State
> UDH Connectivity
> IONet Connectivity
> NVRAM health
If there is a numerical tie:
> R then S then T

UDH Communicator
Processor selected to send EGD data and
Alarm
Data over the UDH
All controllers receive EGD Data from the
UDH
In the event that a controller can not receive
UDH EGD Data, the controller will request the
data over the IONet from the UDH
communicator

Redundancy
4 different levels
Field Devices (Simplex, Dual, TMR)
Controllers (Simplex, Dual, TMR)
IO Network (Single, Dual, Triple)
IO Pack (Single, Dual, Triple)

Simplex Redundancy Options


example
Lowest Cost
No online repair
No redundancy
All IO is Single
Pack, Single
Network (SPSN)

Dual Redundancy Options example


More reliability
(simplex)
Online repair
limited by IO
redundancy
A- SPDN
B- 2SPSN
C- DPDN
D- TPDN

TMR Redundancy Options example


Most Reliable
Online repair
limited by IO
redundancy
A- SPDN
B- 2SPDN
C- DPDN
D- TPTN

Voting
Voting is separated into 2 different categories
> Inputs
> Outputs
Inputs voted in Software (SIFT)
> 2 out of 3 for logics
> Median Select for analogs
> Voting Disagreement Detector (Voter Mismatch)

Input Voting Analog Example

Input Processing Examples

Input Processing Examples

Input Processing Examples

Input Processing Examples

Output Processing
TMR system outputs voted in Hardware at
the TB.
For Dual System or Simplex system
outputs are set by the Designated
Controller

Output Hardware Voting Examples


4-20 mA Outputs
I/O Packs

Output Hardware Voting Examples


Servo Outputs
I/O Packs

Output Hardware Voting Examples


Relay Outputs

Turbine Overspeed Protection


Example

Mark VIe
Flexible redundancy
High bandwidth I/O network;
time synchronized to Sec
High accuracy across broad
temperature range
Architecture provides clean
upgrade path

Total Plant Solution