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DIFFERENT LIFE

STAGES

Ashton and Amy

INFANCY
(BIRTH 1 YEAR)
Biophysical:

the infants weight triples and height increases 29-30 inches


born without teeth, but most grow 10-12 teeth after the first year of life
poor vision and may be limited to black and white.
Mental:
respond to discomfort by crying
they become more aware of surroundings and begin to recognize
individuals
at birth they are unable to speak, but by 12 months they can recognize
vocabulary and say single words.

INFANCY
1 YEAR)

(BIRTH -

Emotional:

Newborns show excitement and by 6 months they show delight, anger, disgust etc.
By 12 months, affection for adults is evident
All emotional events that occur in the first year of life end up having a strong
influence on emotional behavior during adulthood.

Social:
Social development progresses from self-centeredness to the recognition of others
By 4 months, baby recognizes care giver and smiles readily and stares at others
By 6 months they watch activities of others, show signs of possessiveness, and
become shy in presence of strangers.
By 12 months, they develop vocal sounds and facial expressions

INFANT PICTURES

EARLY CHILDHOOD
(1 6)
Biophysical:

Slower growth than infancy- 45 pounds and 46 inches


Muscle coordination allows them to run, climb, and move freely
As finger muscles develop, the child learns to write, draw and use utensils
By 2 or 3, they have most teeth and digestive system allows them to handle
most adult foods
Mental:
By age 6, a child has a vocabulary of 1,500-2,500
Two year olds have a short attention span, but interested in various activities
By 6, memory has developed, they can make decisions on past and present
experiences, and want to learn how to read and write.

EARLY CHILDHOOD
(1 6)

Emotional:

1-2 year olds feel frustration and try to do things beyond their limits. They also like a
routine
From 4-6 they begin to gain control over emotions and begin to understand difference
between right and wrong because they have achieved more independence
By 6, they show less anxiety when faced with new experiences because they learn
they can deal with new situations
Social:
In early years, children are strongly attached to parents or guardians and fear
separation
Playing alongside other children is more common than playing alone
Learn to trust others and make more effort to please others by becoming agreeable
and social

EARLY CHILDHOOD
PICTURES

LATE CHILDHOOD
(6 - 12)

Biophysical:

Physical development is slow but steady, along with weight gain being around 5-7
pounds a year. Height increases 2-3 inches a year
Child engages in more physical activity that required complex coordination
Primary teeth are lost and permanent teeth come in
During ages 10-12, sexual maturation begins
Mental:
Childs life begins to center around school
Speech skills develop and reading and writing skills are learned
They learn to use information to solve problems and memory becomes more complex
Begin to understand abstract concepts such as loyalty, honesty, values, and morals

LATE CHILDHOOD
Emotional:
(6
- 12)
By six, they are frightened of school, but their parents help them gain self
confidence
Emotions are brought under control and dealt with in a more effective manner
By 10-12, sexual maturation and changes in body can lead to depression or joy
Social:
7 year olds prefer individual activities over group activities.

Want approval from parents and friends


8-12 year olds like to hang out in groups of the same sex and learn to
accept opinions of others
Tend to make friends easily and start to have awareness of opposite sex.
Dependency and time spent with parents lessen.

LATE CHILDHOOD PICTURES

ADOLESCENCE
20)

(12

Physical:

Traumatic life stage #Preach


Experience growth spirts and rapid increases in weight (25 pound gain) and height
Growth spirts in girls occur between 11 and 12
Growth spirts in guys occur between 13-15
Puberty- menstruation in girls and production of sperm in boys
Females get body fat, wider hips, development of breasts
Males get deeper voice, broader shoulders, and facial and body hair
Mental:
Increase in knowledge and sharpening of skills
Learn to make decisions and accept responsibilities for their actions
Can cause conflict because they are treated as children and adults, and they are
told to grow up while still being reminded that they are children

ADOLESCENCE
(12-20)
Emotional:
Try to establish identity and independence, and often feel uncertain and
insecure
Worry about appearance, abilities, and relationships with others
Towards end of adolescence, self identity has been established and they
are more comfortable with who they are

Social:
Spend less time with family and more time with peer groups
Seek security in groups of people their own age who have similar conflicts
Towards end of life stage they develop a more mature attitude

ADOLESCENCE PICTURES

EARLY ADULT
40)

(20-

Physical:

Most productive life stage. Physical development is complete, muscles are


strong, and motor coordination is at its peak
Prime childbearing time
Sexual development is at its peak
Mental:
Pursue additional education to establish and progress in their chosen
careers
Deal with independence, making career choices, establish lifestyle, selecting
marital partners, and start family.
This involves making decisions and judgements

EARLY ADULT
40)

(20-

Emotional:

Subjected to emotional stress related to career, marriage, family, and


other situations
If emotional structure is strong, most young adults can cope with these
worries
Find satisfaction in achievements, take responsibility for their actions, and
learn to accept criticism and to profit from streaks

Social:
Involves moving away from peer group
Tend to associate with others who have a similar ambition and interest
regardless of age
Become involved with mate and form a family

EARLY ADULT PICTURES

MIDDLE ADULT
65)

(40-

Physical:
Hair tends to gray and thin, skin wrinkles, hearing loss starts, and weight gain
occurs
Females experience menopause along with decreased hormone production
Males also experience slow hormone growth, which can lead to a change called
male climacteric
Mental:
Mental ability can continue to increase during this life stage
Individuals have required an understanding of life and have learned to cope with
stress
People are more confident in decision making and excellent at analyzing situations

MIDDLE ADULT
(40-65)
Emotional:
Can either be a period of satisfaction, or a time of crisis
Job stability, financial success, and good health can all be reasons for feeling
satisfied
Fear of aging, job loss, illness, and marital problems can all be reasons of stress
Social:
Family relationships begin to decline as children move out and parents die
Divorce rates are the highest at this life stage
Friendships are formed with people who have the same lifestyle and interests

MIDDLE ADULT PICTURES

LATE ADULT
(65+)
Physical:

Skin becomes dry and thin, hair thins/ is lost, bones become brittle, and muscles lose
strength
Decline in the nervous system functions leads to hearing loss, poorer eyesight, and a
decreased tolerance for temperatures
Memory loss occurs, the heart and bladder are less efficient, and circulation
decreases

Mental:
Short term memory is evident
Alzheimers disease can lead to irreversible memory loss and the deterioration of
intellectual functions
Arteriosclerosis can decrease blood supply to brain

LATE ADULT

Emotional:

(65+)

Some cope well with stress presented by aging and are able to enjoy life,
while others can become lonely and withdrawn
Emotional adjustment is necessary throughout this life cycle
Retirement, death of spouse or friend, disabilities, financial problems, and
loss of independence can cause emotional distress
Social:
Retirement can lead to a loss of self-esteem
Less contact with coworkers and more limited circle of friends occur
Senior centers, churches, and other organizations help provide elderly with
opportunity to find new social roles

LATE ADULT PICTURES