Sie sind auf Seite 1von 37

Magnetic & High Tension

Separators
Group 8
Stephen John Sanchez
Raymerose Daque
Arqam Abdula
Elmar Obguia

Low Intensity Separators

Low-intensity magnetic
separation
Dry Low-Intensity
Magnetic
Separation

Wet Low-Intensity
Magnetic
Separation

-confined mainly to -applicable below


the concentration of the 0.5cm particle
coarse
size range
sands

Drum Separators
Most common machines for cleaning
the medium in DMS circuits.
Widely used for concentrating finely
ground iron ores.
Applicable for the particles with field
intensity of below 0.7T at the pole
surface.
Widely used to treat low-grade taconite
ores which contains 40-50% Fe.
Separation is by the pick-up
principle.

Types of Drum Separators


Concurrent Type
Counter-Rotation Type
Counter-Current Separator

Concurrent Type

Counter-rotation Type

Counter-current separator

Cross-belt separator

Rare earth roll separators

Dry rare earth drum


separators

High Intensity
Separator

Induced Roll Magnetic


Separators
Widely used to treat beach sands, Wolframite (ore of
tungsten), tin ores, glass sands and phosphate rocks
treat feebly/weak magnetic iron ores (Europe)
composed of phosphate steel laminates compressed
together on a non-magnetic stainless steel shaft
largely limited to ores containing little, if any,
material finer than about 75
The effectiveness of separation on such fine
material is severely reduced by the effects of air
currents, particle-particle adhesion, and particlerotor adhesion.

Jones Magnetic Separator


Consist of two strong main frames made of
structural steel
Feeding is continuous due to the rotation of
the plate boxes on the rotors and the feed
points are at the leading edges of the
magnetic fields
The feebly magnetic particles are held by
the plates, whereas the remaining nonmagnetic slurry passes straight through the
plate boxes and is collected in a launder.
About 2T is attainable for this and used for
low grade iron ores containing hematite.

AllM
iner

High-Gradient Magnetic
Separators

High-Gradient Magnetic
Separators
In order to separate paramagnetic materials
of extremely low magnetic susceptibility,
high magnetic forces must be generated.

CONVENTIONAL HIGHINTENSITY MAGNETIC


SEPARATORS
An alternative is to increase the magnetic
force by increasing the value of the
magnetic field gradient.

High-Gradient Magnetic
Separators
The core, or
working
volume, is filled
with a matrix of
secondary
poles.
The solenoid
can be clad
externally with
an iron frame to
form a
continuous
return path for
the magnetic

High-Gradient Magnetic
Separators
DRAWBACK
An increase in field gradient necessarily
reduces the working gap between secondary
poles, the magnetic force having only a
short reach, usually not more than 1mm.

Superconducting
Separators

Superconducting
Separators
Field strengths in excess of 2T can only be
generated economically by the use of
superconducting magnets.
In 1986, a superconducting HGMS was
designed and built by Eriez Magnetics to
process kaolinite clay in the United States.
This machine uses only about 0.007 kW in
producing
5T
of
flux,
the
ancillary
equipment needed requiring another 20 kW.

Superconducting
Separators
In operation, the
supply of slurry is
periodically cut off,
the magnetic field
is shut down, and
the canister
backwashed with
water to clear out
accumulated
magnetic
contaminants.

Superconducting
Separators
An opengradient drum
magnetic
separator with
a
superconductin
g magnet
system has
been operating
commercially
since the late
1980s.

High-Tension Separator

High-Tension Separator
makes use of a comparatively high
rate of electrical discharge, with
electron flow and gaseous ionization
having major importance
Pinning Effect
non-conducting mineral particles,
having received a surface charge from
the electrode, retain this charge and
are pinned to the oppositely charged
separator surface by positive-negative

High-Tension Separator
The method has fairly limited
application;
greatly used in separating some of
the minerals found in heavy sands from
beach or stream placers

feed used must be perfectly dry

High-Tension Separator
Parameters influencing separation using HTS

roll speed
position of the electrode wire with respect to the
electrode tube
position of the electrode assembly with respect to
the roll
variation of the DC voltage
polarity
splitter plate position
feed rate
heating of the feed

High-Tension Separator
operate on feeds containing particles of between 60
and 500m in diameter
surface charges on a coarse grain are lower in relation
to its mass than on a fine grain
coarse grain is more readily thrown from the roll
surface, and the conducting fraction often contains a
small proportion of coarse non-conductors
finer particles are most influenced by the surface
charge, and the non-conducting fraction often
contains some fine conducting particles.

High-Tension Separator
Disadvantage
the capacity is very small for finely
divided material

For most efficient operation, the feed


should be in a layer, one particle deep,
which severely restricts the throughput
if the particles are as small as, say, 75
m.

Electrostatic Separators
Final cleaning of the products of high tension
separators is often carried out in purely
electrostatic separators
Modern types are of plate and screen
The feed particles gravitate down a sloping,
grounded plate into an electrostatic field
induced by a large, oval, high-voltage
electrode
The converse of the separation which takes
place in the high-tension separators, where
most effective separation of fine nonconductors from coarse conductors takes place

END!