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Trends and Issues in Nursing

What do you mean by trends?

What do you mean by Issues ?

What are the Areas of


Trends and Issues, Nurses
Need to study ?

Why study of Trends and


Issues is Important?

Contents/Areas: Trends & Issues


Issues & Trends: global, regional, national
Trends and issues & their effects on:
- Nursing Education
- Nursing Research
- Nursing Management
- Nursing Service
Ethics
Legal aspects of Nursing

Contents/Areas: Trends & Issues


(continue):
Health care advocacy
Use of computer
technology/ communication
technology
Recent roles: nurse practionars, nurse
specialist, clinical nurse, primary care
etc
Future direction and factors affecting in:
- Health care in every country /health
care system

Contents/Areas: Trends & Issues


(continue):

Recording and reporting system


Professional organizations: ICN
Profession
Cultural influences
International nursing
Image of nursing
Future challenges of Nursing.

ISSUES AND TRENDS IN NURSING

Historical Overview
Evolution of nursing science and practice
Economics of health care
Social policy and health care delivery
Cultural influence on nursing
Legal aspects of nursing
Ethical aspects on nursing
Nursing education
Licensure and related issues in nursing

ISSUES AND TRENDS IN NURSING (Continue):

Continuing education for relicensure


Rural nursing
Urban nursing
International nursing
Image of nursing
The future challenges for nurses
and nursing

Introduction:
Nursing has been called the oldest of the art,
and the youngest of the profession. As such, it
has gone through many stages and has been an
integral part of social movements. Nursing has
been involved in the existing culture, shaped by
it and yet beeping to develop it. The trend
analysis and future scenarios provide a basis for
sound decision making through mapping of
possible futures and aiming to create preferred
futures.

The Future: A challenge for Nurses and Nursing

Expanding Technology
Computer assistance
New threats to health
Nurses enter private practice
Collegiality among health profession
(Multidisciplinary Team Approach)
Educational preparation: building
toward unity
Changing in Role Image
Unification of practice and
education
Self-governance
Recruitment of the best candidates

Trend analysis in Nursing: 1. Knowledge and Information being


major source
2. Technology more widely used: rapid
changes
3. Greater, faster, access to
information
4. Declining philanthropy (love of
mankind)
5. A more highly educated public
6. Continued focus on evidence and
value for money

8. More ethical dilemmas for the


health system
9. Human rights an ongoing concerns
10. Better educated and more mobile health
work force
11. Greater use of information of
communication technology
12. Greater investment in research and
development
13. Increasing networking and working
together
14. Rising skill requirements

Trend analysis in Nursing: 10. Continuing misdistribution of providers


11. Push to freer movement of professionals
in pasting standards and regulation
12. Role blurring and more shared
competencies
13. New areas of nursing
specialization
14. Growth of entrepreneurs, more to
community and push for more
autonomy in practice

15.Nursing shortage and graying


workforce as key issues in many
countries
16.Nursing seen as a cost effective
approach to health
17.Nursing positioned to lead health
care and influential in health policy
18. A new opportunities for nursing

The world health organization (WHO)


has been considering the future and
predicts that by 2000 the world
1. Major growth experiences:
in the elderly population
2. Decline in birthrate, especially in western
countries.
3. Increases in chronic illness
4. Continuing social unrest
5. AIDS a major problem
6. Many infectious diseases under control
7. Mental health a key issue
8. Poverty continuing to plague mach of the
world.

Emerging trends in Nursing:

Professional judgment
Defining "Care"
Information system / effective communication
Electronic network / computer link
Problem based learning
Marketing \privatization
Nursing standard
Nursing audit
Nursing research

Emerging trends in Nursing (continue):

Multidisciplinary health team


Independent area of practice
Community based nursing
Holistic care approach
Specialized services (dialysis, Psychiatric etc.)
Problem based learning
Distance learning (open university system)
Self directed learning
Continuing education
Use of advanced technology
Consumer protection act on action

Emerging trends in Nursing (continue):

Change in uniform and dress code


Utilization of married nurses
Specialization
Leadership of nursing in 21st century
Human relation in nursing
Disaster management
Marketing strategies for nursing
Computer application in nursing
Space nursing
Nurse patient relationship
Provision for nursing consultant / specialist.

TRANSITIONS TAKING PLACE:


IN HEALTH CARE.

Curative
Specialized care
Medical diagnosis
Discipline stovepipes
Professional identity
Trial and error
Self regulation
Focus on quality

Preventive approaches
Primary health care
Patient emphasis
Programme stovepipes
Team identity
Evidence based practice
Questioning of professions
Focus on costs

IN THE WORKPLACE

High tech
Competition
Need to supervise
Hierarchies

Humanistic
Cooperation
Coaching, mentoring
Decentralized approach

IN NURSING
Continued competencies

Competencies a condition

Hospital environment

Community environment

Quality as excellence

Quality as safe

Clear role

Blurring roles

Thank You