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Other Variable Control

Charts
Chapter Seven

Control Charts

Other chart options


What happens when there is an
insufficient number of sample
measurements to create x-bar and r
charts?
What happens when only one sample is
taken?
What other charting methods are
available?

Available chart options


Individual and Moving-Range
Moving-Average and Moving-Range
All Individual Values
Median and Range charts
Run charts
Variable sub-group size
Pre-control charts

Individuals and MovingRange

Used when measurements are single


values or when the number of products
produced is too small to form traditional
charts.
Moving ranges are calculated by
measuring the value-to-value differences.
Interpretation is the same - check trends,
runs, patterns, limits

Moving-average and
Moving-range

Plot moving-average

replace oldest value with newest value


sample size n = number of selected values

Moving-averages smooth out short-term


variation
Lags occur, charts are less sensitive to
change

All individual values


Cluttered looking
Useful when examining individual
variation

Median and Range charts


Median of the data is calculated and
charted
Ease of calculation is a trade-off with
some loss of sensitivity.
Constructed and interpreted like X-bar/R
charts

Run charts
Used to monitor process changes
associated with a particular characteristic
over time.
Either variables or attribute data.
X-axis shows time.
Y-axis shows attribute/variable value.

Charts for variable subgroup size

Sub-group size coefficients must be


recalculated
Each subgroup with a different sample
size will have its own control limits
plotted.
Con: lots of calculations!

Pre-control charts

Study and compare product produced


with tolerance limits.