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CITIZEN

PARTICIPATION
Rule by One, Rule by Few, Rule by Many

All of the types of governments can be categorized into


three different groups

Rule by One
Rule by Few
Rule by Many

Rule by one
Autocracy / autocratic
One person rules over everyone. One person is in charge of the entire government
LEADEERS COME INTO POWER BY FAMILY OR FORCE
Citizens in these countries have no say in the laws or the government.
Countries: Ancient Greece, Cuba, Belarus
*Think about it! Can a Federal system of government be autocratic? Why?
*Which UFC would most likely be an autocratic type of government?

3 types of autocratic rule


Monarchy

King, Queen,
Czar
Through
inherited
power

Dictator

Theocracy

Maintains
power
through
ruthless,
military

Religious
leader

Hitler, Castro

Rule by few
oligarchy / oligarchic
When a small group of people rule and make all the decisions.
The group gets its power from military power, social power, wealth, religion
or combination
Citizens in these countries have no say in the laws or the government
they also can not oppose the government

Countries: Communist countries such as China, North Korea

3 types of oligarchic rule


Communist
Government
s

Military
Governmen
t

Theocracy
(Group of
religious
leaders)

Rule by many
democracy / democratic
Rule by many is when the people have the power to make decisions
through voting
People vote - DIRECT
directly
or indirectly (representative)
DEMOCRACY
REPRESENTATIVE
How
citizens
participat
e

DEMOCRACY
All people vote directly on every
law that is passed

Also known as a Republic,


people vote for leaders who
make the laws.

Ex: Switzerland

Ex: United States

Countries: United Kingdom, USA, France,

3 forms of democracy
Presidential

Executive (president) and


legislative (law makers)
branches are separate
separation of powers.
Leader President
Legislature Congress
Citizens vote directly to
elect President and
Congress
BICAMERAL LEGISLATURE
TWO HOUSES

Ex: U.S., Russia

Parliamentary

Parliament (legislature)
controls the power all 3
branches answer to
Parliament.
Leader Prime Minister
Legislature Parliament
Citizens do not vote
directly for Prime Minister
they vote for the
Parliament and Parliament
selects the Prime Minister
BICAMERAL LEGISLATURE
TWO HOUSES

Example: UK,
Germany,Italy,Polan
d,

Constitutional
Monarchy

King or Queen is
head of state with
little real power.
There power is
limited by a
constitution

Ex: UK,
Australia

Prove It!
The President holds the power in a presidential system __________
Citizens participate fully in a democracy. ___________
Citizens participate fully in an autocracy. __________
The central government controls all power in a Unitary system. _______
Federal systems divide power between a central government and smaller units.
The Queen of England makes all of the laws. _________
The leader of a Parliamentary Democracy is called a President.______
The Prime Minister is voted into office by the citizens.______
The U.K, USA, and Russia all have bicameral houses._____

Government Flash Cards


6 Cards 3 for Distribution of Power (UFC) -3 for
Citizen Participation (DAO)
DISTRIBUTION OF POWER
UFC SIDE 1

DISTRIBUTION OF POWER
UFC SIDE 2

What Should my flash cards include?


FOUR characteristics of each
system
1. Who has the Power

What Should my flash cards


include?

2. How is power shared?


3. Size of Govt

Side Two - Picture

4. Voting

Countries

Government Flash Cards


6 Cards 3 for Distribution of Power (UFC) -3 for
Citizen Participation (DAO)
CITIZEN PARTICIPATION
DAO SIDE 1

CITIZEN PARTICIPATION
DAO SIDE 2

What Should my flash cards include?


FOUR characteristics for each
system
1. How many people rule?

What Should my flash cards


include?

2. How they come to power?


3. How do the citizens participate?

Side Two - Picture

4. 2 Types

Countries

DISTRIBUTION OF POWER UFC


1

UNITARY
Who has the Power? One Central Government
How are powers shared: Central government decides laws/rules
for states
Small Government
Little or no Voting

UK, Former Soviet


Union

Citizen Participation - DAO


1

DEMOCRACY
Rule by Many
How do leaders come to power? Voted
Citizen Participation? People vote directly and indirectly
3Types: Presidential Democracy, Parliamentary Democracy,
Constitutional Democracy

*parliamentary No separation between executive and legislative


branches Parliament has the power
*Presidential Separation between executive and legislative branches
*Constitutional Mocharch King/Queen no real power/limited by
constitution
Presidential: US, Russia
Parliamentary: UK, Germany
Constitutional Monarchy: UK