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Miss Rayner, Yr11 BIOLOGY

GET READY FOR


A QUIZ
1

Control variables are...


A. all the factors
B. all the factors apart from the independent
and dependent variables
C. none of these factors
2

Unless we keep the controlled variables the


same, the investigation will not be...
A. correct
B. fair
C. right
3&4

In an experiment on the effect of temperature on


germination of cress seeds, which of the following
would be the controlled variables

A. Temperature and size of seeds

B. Size of seeds and time

C. Temperature and volume of water.

4. What are the dependent and independent


variables?
5
Finish the sentence below
If we fail to control variables, the results from the
experiment may not be....
6
Yesterday in the experiment what did you do to
reduce experimental error?
7
What makes a good hypothesis?
8

Write a hypothesis for an experiment with the


aim:

"to investigate if more sugar will dissolve in water


as water temperature increases compared to salt"

And

"To investigate the effect of ripening on the


relative content of starch and simple sugars in
bananas"
Let's recap scientific
method...
Good planning is essential to the success of a
scientific investigation this includes;
Measurements & observations
Results recorded & kept
Data analysed
Results communicated
Variables
Independent the variable that is altered
during the experiment
Dependent Measure the changes that have
occurred as a result of altering the
independent variable
Control all the factors other than the
independent and dependent variables
Control Group receives no treatment.
Why do you think you need a control group?
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VhZyXmgIFAo&list=PLsMs3sjjy-
pDJC5s2M0jHDrVP5y9uc2Gu&index=69&t=33s
Data
Qualitative data

Quantitative data

discrete/discontinuous

Arise from a counting process e.g. how many


courses have you taken in Uni

continuous

Arise from a measuring process

Ranked data
Tables

1. Must have a title for your table


2. All columns must have titles and units
3. The Independent Variable must be in the left
column
4. The Dependent Variable must be in the right
column
Graphs
The 6 commandments of Graphing
1. Thou shalt draw your graph inpencilwith a ruler.
2. Thou shalt use all thy graph paper
3. Thou shalt have even scales
4. Thou shalt place the independent variable on
the horizontal axis and the dependent
variable of the vertical axis
5. Thou shaltlabel your axes
6. Thou shaltalways give units.
7. Thou shaltalways have a title for your graph
8. Thou shalt obey all thy commandments