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Basic Life

Support
CPR in the Workplace
OUTLINE
Basic Life Support
CPR
Steps in Performing CPR (DRS-CABD)
Choking Management
Automated External Defibrillator (AED)
BASIC LIFE
SUPPORT (BLS)
Emergency lifesaving
care which is used for
victims of life-threatening
illnesses or injuries until
they can be given full
medical care at the
hospital.
BASIC LIFE SUPPORT

Used to treat medical


conditions including:
Airway obstruction
Absence of Breathing
Absence of Heart Beat
What does CPR
stands for?
C = Cardio (heart)
P = Pulmonary (lungs)
R = Resuscitation
(recover)
GOAL
To restore
spontaneous
breathing
and
heartbeat.
Basic Life Support

STEPS
in
CPR
REMEMBER!!!

DRS. CABD
1st Step:
D - Danger
ALWAYS BEGIN BY
ASSESSING THE SCENE.
If No -Transfer victim to a safer
place

If Yes -Proceed to next step


2nd Step:
R- Responsiveness
CHECK FOR
RESPONSIVENESS.
- Gently shake the victim or tap the
shoulders and ask Are you all
right? , Hey sir/ maam are you
ok?
3rd Step
S- Shout for HELP
If the victim doesnt
respond, CALL FOR HELP
Activate EMS(Emergency
Medical Service)
- Ask someone to call for help.
- Call 997 and return back to
the victim.
4th Step
C- Check for Pulse (CIRCULATION)
Check for pulse for (5-10 seconds)
Carotid Artery
Start Chest Compression

If there is no pulse, Start chest compression


Place victim on firm, flat surface.
Observe proper hand positioning and
hand placement
Proper Placement

BREAST BONE
COMPRESSION

2 Hands
METHOD
(heel of the hands)

DEPTH 1.5 to 2 inches

RATIO 30 compressions : 2 breaths

RATE 100 compressions per minute

SITE On sternum
Proper Position in doing Chest
Compression

ADULT
5th Step:
A- Check the Airway

Open the airway using:


Head tiltchin lift maneuver
Place one hand on the victims forehead and
with fingers and thumb, hold the bony part of
the chin
Tilt the head back carefully and lift the chin
This will raise the tongue from the back of the
mouth and open the airway.
Opening the Airway:

Jaw-thrust
maneuver

Head tiltchin lift maneuver


6th Step
B- Check Breathing

Once the airway is open, look for


the rise and fall of the chest,
then listen, and feel for signs of
breathing for no longer than 10
sec.
Rescue Breathing
If the patient is not breathing, Rescue
Breathing shall be perform.
Maintain Head tilt Chin lift maneuver.
Pinch the nose and cover mouth with yours.
Use a barrier device or a pocket mask.
Recovery Position

If patient is breathing and has


a pulse, and there are no signs
of trauma, place the patient in
a recovery position.
Recovery Position

Maintains clear airway


Allow secretions to drain from
mouth
*Not indicated for victims with
suspected head or back injuries
Devices Used for
Rescue Breathing

Mouth/Face Shield Pocket Mask

Protects rescuer from contact with vomit,


secretions, infectious fluid. Etc
D- Automated External
Defibrillation
A portable electronic device that
automatically detect a life-
threatening heart rhythm.
Able to treat them through electrical
shock.
Allows the heart to re-establish to
normal rhythm.
Automated External
Defibrillation
Proper Placement of
AED Pads
CHECK FOR DANGER
D (HAZARDS/ RISKS/
SAFETY?)
R RESPONSIVE?
(Unconscious?)
SHOUT FOR HELP
S (Call 997/ Resuscitation
Team)
Check for
C CiRCULATION. If no
pulse,

A Give 30 chest
Open AIRWAY
compressions

B Proceed to RESCUE
BREATHING

D Attach AED as soon as


available and follow its
Foreign Body Airway
Obstruction (Choking)
Blockage in the airway.
Airway obstruction may be caused by:
Relaxation of throat muscles
Vomited stomach contents
Blood
Damaged tissue
Dentures
Foreign objects (food etc.)
Universal Sign: Grabbing of the Throat
Foreign Body Airway
Obstruction
Abdominal Thrust
(Heimlich Maneuver)
is recommended in
conscious victims
Foreign Body Airway
Obstruction
Instead of abdominal-
thrust (Heimlich
Maneuver), use
CHEST THRUST
in:
Pregnant Women
Very obese patients
Foreign Body Airway
Obstruction in Adults
When victim is found unconscious:
Proceed to DRS.CABD
Include special procedure:
1. Look in the mouth.
2. Attempt to carefully remove any
visible object using finger sweep.
Conclusion

BLS is an emergency lifesaving care that is used to


treat medical conditions including choking, absence
of heart beat and breathing.
BLS care focuses on what is often termed the
CABs: Circulation (cardiac arrest), Airway
(obstruction), Breathing (respiratory arrest).
The goal of CPR is to restore spontaneous
breathing and heart beat. However, advanced
procedures such as using AED and medications
are often necessary for this to occur.
Thank You!