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Three Essential Elements

Load
Complete Path
Power Source
Additional Elements
Control Device
Protective Device
To open and close a circuit
Open (no connection)
Closed (connection)
Control device
Does not consume power
Pole- what the switch armature is
connected to

Throw- the closed position of


the switch
Pole Throw
SPST
1 pole, 1 throw
Example- room lights
SPDT
1 pole
2 throws, 2 closed
positions
DPST
2 poles
Not 2 throws because of mechanical connection
Both armatures make contact at same time- one
closed position
DPDT
2 poles
2 separate closed positions
Toggle Slide
Rocker Push On/Off
Momentary contact switches
Push button switches

Rotary switches
Push Button Normally Open
PBNO
Red in color
Push Button Normally Closed
PBNC
Black in color
Used for complex circuits
Can have multiple throws