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Development of a Strength Training Measurement Device

Midterm II Presentation

Team 19
Kendall Parker Sponsor: Dr. Michael Devine
Brad Bone Faculty Advisor: Dr. Camilo Ordonez
Manny Cabrera Instructors: Dr. Nikhil Gupta, Dr. Chiang
Fiona Robertson
1 Shih
Manny
Cabrera

Initial Requirements
Use off-the shelf components to construct a device for measuring
how powerful an athlete is. Transmit data to a smartphone for
storing and displaying results

Measurements include, but are not limited to:


1. How fast a person can move weight a given distance
2. How much acceleration a person can impart to a given weight
3. Compare users and track progress
4. How much jerk a person can impart to a given weight

Project Overview Conceptual Design Failure Analysis inNOLEvation Mobile Application 2


Manny
Cabrera

Background Research
Entrepreneur aspect
Projected customers
Other devices on market
Strength - How much weight a person can lift
vs.
Power - How fast a person can lift a given weight
Explosive strength training
Common sports and exercises
Usefulness of jerk to athletics

[1-6]

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Manny
Cabrera

Surveys
Seven trainers in the Tallahassee area, average of 10 years experience
3 from Premier Health and Fitness
2 from Atlas Fit
2 from Florida A&M University
Common feedback:
A power measurement device would be useful to track their clients progress &
overall health
Jerk is not a significant measurement for athletics
Common power measuring exercises: bench press, deadlift, and squat

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Manny
Cabrera

Updated Project Goals

Revised Problem Statement Target Customers


Using off the shelf components, Athletes and their trainers
combine heart rate monitoring with
power and strength metrics to create Collegiate and professional sports
a more complete user workout. organizations

Intermediate to advanced gym-goers

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Kendall
Parker

House of Quality (HOQ)


Key Takeaways
#1 EC =
relaying
workout metrics
No device has
everything
A complete,
affordable
workout
assistant is
essential to
customer
satisfaction
[7-11]

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Kendall
Parker

Previous Morphological Chart Results


Requirement Concept 1 Concept 2 Concept 3
Accelerometer 4g Range 2g Range 8g Range

16-bit, Digital
16-bit, Digital 8-bit, Analog Wi-
Microcontroller Bluetooth
Bluetooth Interface Fi Interface
Interface

Battery Nickel-Metal Hydride Nickel-Cadmium Lithium-Ion

User Location Wrist Wrist Wrist

Band Material Silicon Rubber Carbon Fiber

Smartphone Sync Bluetooth Bluetooth Wi-Fi

Heart-Rate
Innovative Heart-Rate Monitor, Heart-Rate [12-19]
Monitor,
Features Gyroscope Monitor, GPS
Gyroscope
Project Overview Conceptual Design Failure Analysis inNOLEvation Mobile Application 7
Kendall
Parker

Re-Evaluation of Part Selection


Midterm I Decision Cons
Risk analysis had not been performed
Next Step = Part Ordering
Limited knowledge on selected parts

Outsource Circuit Board Learning curve for EagleCAD is not in our favor

Get assistance generating Unsure of compatibility of previously selected components


code for device Limited team experience buying and syncing electrical parts

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Kendall
Parker

Arduino as a Viable Alternative


Plentiful resources

Language utilizes C/C++


functions and libraries

Components available to
meet our device needs
and size constraints

Project Overview Conceptual Design Failure Analysis inNOLEvation Mobile Application 9


Kendall
Parker

Revised Design - Arduino Components


0.7
1.14
1.1 0.11 0.16
0.11 0.16 0.71
0.98
1.3

Arduino ProMini 328


Bluefruit LE SparkFun SparkFun Single SparkFun FTDI
Microcontroller &
Bluetooth Module Accelerometer & Lead Heart Rate Module
Circuit Board
Gyroscope Monitor

Project Overview Conceptual Design Failure Analysis inNOLEvation Mobile Application 10


Kendall
Parker

Retained Parts of Concept 1


Requirement Concept 1 Concept 2 Concept 3
Accelerometer 4g Range 2g Range 8g Range

16-bit, Digital
16-bit, Digital 8-bit, Analog Wi-
Microcontroller Bluetooth
Bluetooth Interface Fi Interface
Interface

Battery Nickel-Metal Hydride Nickel-Cadmium Lithium-Ion

User Location Wrist Wrist Wrist

Band Material Silicon Rubber Carbon Fiber

Smartphone Sync Bluetooth Bluetooth Wi-Fi

Heart-Rate
Innovative Heart-Rate Monitor, Heart-Rate
Monitor,
Features Gyroscope Monitor, GPS
Gyroscope
Project Overview Conceptual Design Failure Analysis inNOLEvation Mobile Application 11
Kendall
Parker

Revised Assembly - Exploded View


Stacking Components le
Utilizing pins & spacers Modu
I
FT D
Bluetooth module & Accelerometer &
Gyroscope
Arduino board are
adjacent
Accelerometer 0.27 dule
t h Mo
o
eto
Located as close as Blu
Heart Rate
possible to wrist for Monitor
1.5
more accurate readings 1.5 rd
Heart Rate Monitor o Boa
uin
Ard
Biomedical lead will run
to base of housing in
order to touch the wrist

12
Project Overview Conceptual Design Failure Analysis inNOLEvation Mobile Application
Kendall
Parker

Decision Matrix for Casing Material


Criteria Importance Rating Carbon Fiber ABS Plastic

Weight 5 5 4

Cost 2 3 5

Manufacturability 4 2 5

Durability 5 2 4

Weighted Total 44 70

Weighted Total = (Importance Rating x Score)

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Kendall
Parker

Design Options for Casing Assembly

Slide Fit Top with Internal Grooves Snap Fit Top with External Grooves

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Kendall

Casing Pro-E Vibration Analysis Parker

Displacement (in)

Slide Fit Top with Internal Grooves Snap Fit Top with External Grooves

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Manny

Casing Pro-E Thermal Analysis Cabrera

Condition: Left in Car during Summer (~90 ), Temperature ( )

Slide Fit Top with Internal Grooves Snap Fit Top with External Grooves

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Manny
Cabrera

inNOLEvation Update
Business Model Canvas (BMC)
is the next step in development
of PowerTrak
Identifies the mission, key
stakeholders, resources, activities
involved, and revenue streams

Snapshot of BMC is shown

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Manny
Cabrera

Smartphone App
IOS and Android Compatible
IOS built with Swift
Relay workout statistics
Reps, power output, velocity, and form
Store prior workout data
User-friendly diagrams and
indicators
Software development will be done
in Spring

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Manny
Cabrera

Budget Forecast
Budget Provided: $1000
Estimated Cost for a Single Device: $145
(Bulk ordering will reduce device cost)

Item Projected Cost

Electrical Components $85

Casing $30

Strap $10

Miscellaneous
$20
(wires, breadboard, etc.)

Remaining Budget $855

Conceptual Design Failure Analysis inNOLEvation Mobile Application Future Plans 19


Manny
Cabrera

Updated Gantt Chart

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Manny
Cabrera

Spring 2017 Goals


Completed

In Progress

Spring 2017

Conceptual Design Failure Analysis inNOLEvation Mobile Application Future Plans 21


Team 19

References
[1] J. Syatt, "Developing explosive strength and power for athletic performance," in Sports Performance, Syatt Fitness, 2012. [Online]. Available:
http://www.syattfitness.com/westside-barbell/developing-explosive-strength-and-power-for-athletic-performance/. Accessed: Oct. 22, 2016.
[2] S. Training, "Explosive reps variable resistance," 1999. [Online]. Available: http://www.strengthcats.com/explosiverepsvariableresistance.htm.
Accessed: Oct. 22, 2016.
[3] N. Ng, "Differences Between Muscular Strength and Power," LIVESTRONG.COM, 2015. [Online]. Available:
http://www.livestrong.com/article/507621-differences-between-muscular-strength-and-power/. Accessed: Oct. 30, 2016.
[4] Revolvy, "Jerk (physics),". [Online]. Available: https://www.revolvy.com/main/index.php?s=Jerk%20%28physics%29&item_type=topic. Accessed:
Oct. 22, 2016.
[5] D. Knowles, "Training for Speed Strength," in Coachr. [Online]. Available: http://www.coachr.org/spst.htm. Accessed: Oct. 20, 2016.
[6] M. H. Stone, "Explosive Reps Variable Resistance," in Strength Cats, 1999. [Online]. Available:
http://www.strengthcats.com/explosiverepsvariableresistance.htm. Accessed: Oct. 15, 2016.
[7] "PUSH Band," PUSH // Train With Purpose. [Online]. Available: https://www.trainwithpush.com/push-band/. Accessed: Oct. 11, 2016.
[8] "Fitbit," 2016. [Online]. Available: https://www.fitbit.com/. Accessed: Oct. 11, 2016.
[9] "Assess2Perform: Bar Sensei," 2014. [Online]. Available: http://assess2perform.com/barsensei.html. Accessed: Oct. 11, 2016.
[10] "GymAware,". [Online]. Available: https://kinetic.com.au/gymaware.html. Accessed: Oct. 12, 2016.
[11] "Gymwatch," STRENX BY GYMWATCH. [Online]. Available: https://www.gymwatch.com/en/.
Accessed: Oct. 12, 2016.

Failure Analysis inNOLEvation Mobile Application Future Plans Conclusion 22


Team 19

References Continued
[12] "How accelerometers work | Types of accelerometers", Explain that Stuff, 2016. [Online]. Available:
http://www.explainthatstuff.com/accelerometers.html. [Accessed: 15- Oct- 2016].
[13] "Difference between Bluetooth and WiFi | Bluetooth vs WiFi", Engineersgarage.com, 2016. [Online]. Available:
http://www.engineersgarage.com/contribution/difference-between-bluetooth-and-wifi. [Accessed: 15- Oct- 2016].
[14] "How can lithium-ion batteries improve hybrids?", HowStuffWorks, 2010. [Online]. Available: http://auto.howstuffworks.com/lithium-ion-batteries-
improve-hybrids1.htm. [Accessed: 16- Oct- 2016].
[15] Comparison of wireless communication technologies: bluetooth vs wifi", Electronics.stackexchange.com, 2016. [Online]. Available:
http://electronics.stackexchange.com/questions/189667/comparison-of-wireless-communication-technologies-bluetooth-vs-wifi. [Accessed: 16- Oct-
2016].
[16] "NiMH vs. NiCad vs. Li-Ion", Streetdirectory.com, 2016. [Online]. Available:
http://www.streetdirectory.com/travel_guide/159640/technology/nimh_vs_nicad_vs_li_ion.html. [Accessed: 17- Oct- 2016].
[17] "Difference between Rubber and Silicone", Difference Between, 2016. [Online]. Available: http://www.differencebtw.com/difference-between-
rubber-and-silicone/. [Accessed: 18- Oct- 2016].
[18] "Resources for Microchip PIC", Instructables.com, 2016. [Online]. Available: http://www.instructables.com/id/How-to-choose-a-
MicroController/step8/Resources-for-Microchip-PIC/. [Accessed: 18- Oct- 2016].
[19] S. Edwards, "About Heart Rate & Heart Rate Monitors", Heart Zones, 2012. [Online]. Available: https://heartzones.com/which-heart-rate-
monitor-is-best-for-you-digital-or-analog/. [Accessed: 18- Oct- 2016].

Failure Analysis inNOLEvation Mobile Application Future Plans Conclusion 23


Team 19

Questions?

Failure Analysis inNOLEvation Mobile Application Future Plans Conclusion 24


Team 19

Appendix

Failure Analysis inNOLEvation Mobile Application Future Plans Conclusion 25


Business Model Canvas

Project Overview Conceptual Design Failure Analysis inNOLEvation Mobile Application 26


Team 19

Potential Future Challenges


Accuracy of pulse readings

Creating direct contact of heart monitor lead to wrist

Noise filtering of accelerometer data

Optimization of app display during workout

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Team 19
Customer Customer Concep Concep Concept
Requirement Importance t1 t2 3
Accurate 5 3 5 1

Reliable 4 5 3 3 Satisfaction Key

Heart Rate Tracking 5 5 5 5 Low 1

Small 5 5 5 5 Middle 3

Lightweight 4 3 3 5 High 5

Attachable to Body 3 5 5 5 Max Score 195

Affordable 4 3 3 5 Score =
(CI x Satisfaction
Smartphone Rank)
4 5 5 5
Synchronous

Relays key workout


5 5 5 5
metrics

Scores
Failure Analysis inNOLEvation Mobile169
Application 172
Future Plans 167
Conclusion 28
Team 19

Parts List and Cost Breakdown


Price
Component Part Name
($)

Microcontroller & Circuit


Arduino Pro Mini 328 9.95
Board

Bluetooth Module NRF8001 Bluefruit LE Breakout 19.95

FTDI Module FTDI Module 14.95

Accelerometer Sparkfun IMU Breakout MPU 9250 14.95

Sparkfun Single Leaf Heart Rate


Heart Rate Monitor 19.95
Monitor AD823

Cable for Heart Rate


Sensor Cable - Electrode Pads 4.95
Monitor
Project Overview Conceptual Design
Total Failure Analysis inNOLEvation Mobile Application
84.70 29
Team 19

Proof of Concept Testing


Bench press simulation
monitored with accelerometer

Used to verify power output


could be correlated to
accelerometer output

30
Project Overview Conceptual Design Failure Analysis inNOLEvation Mobile Application
Team 19

Previously Selected Parts

TBD
0.28 TBD
0.16
0.11 0.52 0.16
0.11 0.53

0.28

SparkFun Texas Instrument STMicroelectronics SparkFun Single Outsourced Circuit


Accelerometer & Bluetooth Module Microcontroller Lead Heart Rate Board
Gyroscope Monitor

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Team 19

Decision Matrix for Wristband Material


Criteria Importance Rating Silicon Velcro

Weight 5 4 4

Cost 2 5 5

Manufacturability 4 1 5
Weighted Total =
(Importance Rating x Score)
Durability 5 2 4

Size-ability 5 2 5

Heat Resistance 5 5 3

Cleanability/Water Proof 4 5 1

Total 99 114

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Team 19

Schedule Overview

Conceptual Design Failure Analysis inNOLEvation Mobile Application Future Plans 33