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E.N.G.I.N.E.E.R., Inc.

BASIC MEPF DESIGN


FOR MIX-USE BUILDINGS
William J. Juan, mepf, rmp, pee, ma
0915 292 8668/0943 0616 215/0919 605 4873

Facebook Pages Administered:


ESEA Advocates /NAMPAP-PSUMP Groups / MEPF ENGINEERS../ ATTEMP/ STOP FLOODING /
TALAKAYANG PINOY/ PUGAD LAWIN INTERNATIONAL/ SOLARSAFE PHILIPPINES

June 2016

SS
Short Resume of Speaker/Lecturer
Engr. William Jacinto Juan,
rmp,pee,mepf,ma
0915 292 8668 / 0943 0616 215 / 0919 605 4873

Admin/Founder SOLARSAFE PHILIPPINES, a FB Group


Dep.Gen.Sec/Co-Founder E.N.G.I.N.E.E.R., Inc.
Training Director/Co-Founder MEPF Engineers Co.
Gen.Manager/Proprietor of FEMP Safety Engineering Construction, 2013-
present
President/CEO/Founder of Versatech Consultants & Mngt.Corp., 1985-present
President, Phil.Integrated Plumbing Engineers Society (PIPES), 2014-present
Founding President, Phil. Society of United Master Plumbers (PSUMP), 2013
National President, Pro-Change NAMPAP, 2012-present
Former IIEE Natl Treasurer/ Natl Auditor/ Governor-at-Large
Former Chairmen, IIEE Balik Liwanag Committee & Electrical Safety
Committee
Was Electrical Consultant/ Designer for PICOP/ SMC/ Parsons Intl/ AEP Intl/
Caltex/ Petron/ Coca Cola/ Selecta/ Avida / DMCI-UPDI/ Motolite Projects
Former EE Professor @ National U, 1979-1991
PEE-Top 1 (Oct.1980)/ Asso.EE-Top 3 (Sept.1979) / Asst.EE-Top 8 (Aug.1976) /
RMP-Top 5 (Sept.1989) / Amateur Radio License DU1-ICH (94.5% rating)
BSEE 1976 - NU/ BSME 1987 NU
National President - Pugad Lawin Philippines, Inc., 2009,2010,2011
MEPF ENGINEERING
trends
Mechanical Engineers, Electrical Engineers, Plumbing
Engineers and Fire Protection Engineers are specialists,
commonly referred to as "MEPF (mechanical, electrical, plumbing &
fire pro engineers) or sometimes referred to as MEP only or
sometimes referred to as MEPFS which includes Sanitary
Engineering for sewage treatment , when engaged in the building
design fields. Also known as "building services engineering" in the
United Kingdom, Canada, and Australia.
Mechanical engineers design and oversee the heating, ventilation
and air conditioning (HVAC), fire suppression/ sprinkler system (83psi
and above with fire pump & jockey pump), stairwell pressurization,
steam lines & boilers, lift/ elevator systems.
Plumbing/Sanitary engineers often design or oversee lower
pressure fire protection (without fire pump), hot and cold water
supply system, gray water re-use, sanitary sewer lines & ventilation,
LPG/gas lines, rainwater collection and storm drainage systems.
Electrical engineers are responsible for the building's power
distribution & standby power generators/ uninterruptible power
supply (UPS) systems, telecommunication, fire detection & alarm,
signalization, grounding system, lightning protection, building
1.0 MECHANICAL DESIGN
REQUIREMENTS:
1.1 AIRCONDITIONING SYSTEM
1.2 VENTILATION SYSTEM
1.3 FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEM
1.4 STAIRWELL PRESURIZATION SYSTEM
1.5 LIFT (ELEVATOR) SYSTEM
1.6 OTHER AUXILIARY SYSTEMS
1.1.1 AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM

PER AREA METHOD OF AIR CONDITIONING


DESIGN

ASSUME: ONE (1) TOR FOR EVERY 15 SQ.


METERS AREA
WHERE ONE (1) TOR = 1 TON OF REFRIGERATION
TO CALCULATE THE HP RATING OF AN
AIRCONDITIONER:
HP OF AIRCON UNIT = 1 TOR X 1.2 HP/TOR
1.1.2 EXAMPLE OF SIZING HP OF
AIRCON UNIT:
OFFICE ROOM IS 6 MTRS LONG BY 5 METERS WIDE
CALCULATE THE TONNAGE AND THE HP RATING
OF THE AIRCON UNIT

TOR = (6 MTRS X 5 MTRS) / 15 SQ.MTRS PER TON


TOR = 2 TONS
TO TAL HP = 2.4 HP
SAY USE 1 UNIT OF 2.5 HP WINDOW TYPE ACU
OR USE 1 UNIT OF 3-TONNER SPLIT TYPE ACU
1.1.3 EXAMPLE OF SIZING HP OF
AIRCON UNITS:
OFFICE ROOM IS 12 MTRS LONG BY 6 METERS
WIDE
CALCULATE THE TONNAGE AND THE HP RATING
OF THE AIRCON UNITS

TOR = (12MTRS X 6 MTRS) / 15 SQ.MTRS PER


TON
TOR = 4.8 TONS
TO TAL HP =5.76 HP
SAY USE 2 UNITS OF 3-TONNER SPLIT TYPE ACUS
1.1.4 ANOTHER EXAMPLE OF SIZING
HP OF AIRCON UNITS:
OFFICE ROOM IS 24 MTRS LONG BY 8 METERS
WIDE
CALCULATE THE TONNAGE AND THE HP RATING
OF THE AIRCON UNITS

TOR = (24MTRS X 8 MTRS) / 15 SQ.MTRS PER


TON
TOR = 12.8 TONS
TO TAL HP = 15.36 HP
SAY USE 3 UNITS OF 5-TONNER SPLIT TYPE ACUS
1.1.5 KINDS OF SPLIT TYPE
ACUs
1.2 VENTILATION SYSTEM
REQUIREMENT FOR REST ROOMS/ COMFORT
ROOMS:
ASSUME 15 CUBIC FEET PER MINUTE (CFM) PER
PERSON
EXAMPLE:
IF A REST ROOM HAS 5 WATER CLOSETS & 3
LAVATORIES, THEN
CFM OF VENTILATION REQUIRED IS
= (5 + 3) PERSONS X 15 CFM PER PERSON
= 120 CFM MIN.
SAY USE: A 160 CFM EXHAUST CEILING FAN
1.2.1 SAMPLE OF EXHAUST
FAN
Type: Centrifugal Fan
Electric Current Type: AC
Blade Material: Plastic
Mounting: Ceiling Fan
Brand Name:
Model Number: CF-180
Power: 60W
Voltage: 230V
Speed: 1200 RPM
Certification: SASO
Blade: 7 Dia.
Frequency: 60 Hz
Capacity: 4.56 m3/min
(160CFM)
Static Pressure: 12 mm/W.G
Sound LeveL: 49 dB(A)
G.W: 2.4 Kgs
1.2.2 DUCT SIZING TABLE
1.2.3 DUCTING LAYOUT
1.2.4 DUCTING LAYOUT

1.2.5 DUCTING LAYOUT


1.3 FIRE SUPPRESSION SYSTEM
(NFPA 13)
AS REQUIRED IN THE R.A. 9514, WHICH IS THE NEW
FIRE CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES, FOR A BUILDING NOT
MORE THAN 4-STOREYS, AN AUTOMATIC FIRE SPRINKLER
SYSTEM IS NOT MANDATORY, EXCEPT IF IT IS A HOTEL, A
MOTEL, OR A DORMITORY, OR A BUILDING INTENDED
TO STORE FLAMMABLE MATERIALS.
OTHERWISE, INSTEAD OF A FIRE SPRINKLER SYSTEM, A
DRY STAND-PIPE SYSTEM COMPLETE WITH FIRE
HYDRANTS WITH FIRE HOSE PER FLOOR IS REQUIRED. IN
ADDITION, FIRE EXTINGUISHERS ARE REQUIRED IN EACH
FLOOR LEVEL.
FOR A BUILDING ABOVE 4 STOREYS, AN AUTOMATIC
FIRE SPRINKLER SYSTEM COMPLETE WITH A FIRE PUMP
AND A JOCKEY PUMP IS MANDATORY.
1.3.1 FIRE SUPPRESSION SYSTEM
(NFPA 13)
SPRINKLER NOOZLES - MUST BE
SPACED NOT MORE THAN 12 FT. OFF-
CENTER; A MINIMUM OF 1 UNIT IN
SMALL ROOMS
1.3.2 TYPICAL SPACING OF NOOZLES
(NFPA 13)
1.3.3 FIRE HOSE CABINETS
(NFPA 13)
A fire hose
cabinet must
be provided on
each end of the
building lobby
near the stairs,
with the length
of the fire hose
that could
reach the
farthest point
on the floor or
level (20M or
1.3.4 BASIC RULE OF THUMB IN FIRE
SPRINKLER DISTRIBUTION (NFPA 13)
Size of Pipe Max.No. of Sprinklers
Allowed
1 2 sprinklers
1 3 sprinklers
1 5 sprinklers
2 10 sprinklers
2 20 sprinklers
3 40 sprinklers
3 65 sprinklers
4 100 sprinklers
5 160 sprinklers
6 275 sprinklers

From NFPA #13, Table 8-5.3.2(a)


1.4 FIRE PUMP & JOCKEY
PUMP
JOCKEY PUMP TO PUMP WATER FROM THE
FIREWATER TANK & MAINTAIN THE OPERATING
WATER PRESSURE IN THE SYSTEM @24/7 at
120PSI MINIMUM.

FIRE PUMP TO DELIVER FIRE WATER AT THE


INSTANT THE CUT IN PRESSURE IS REACHED
DUE TO THE OPERATION OF A SPRINKLER
NOOZLE AFTER THE OCCURRENCE OF A FIRE.
1.4.1 TYPICAL INSTALLATION OF FIRE
PUMP & JOCKEY PUMP
1.5 FIREWATER TANK

FIREWATER TANK MUST HAVE CAPACITY ADEQUATE


FOR THE OPERATION OF SPRINKLERS.
IT IS GENERALLY SIZED SIMILAR IN CAPACITY AS THE
DOMESTIC WATER TANK IN ORDER TO PROVIDE AS AN
ALTERNATE STORAGE FOR DOMESTIC WATER.
A NORMALLY CLOSED GATE VALVE INTER-CONNECTS
THE FIREWATER TANK AND THE DOMESTIC WATER
TANK TO ALLOW CLEANING OF EITHER TANK.
A GOOD CONSIDERATION IS TO PROVIDE A RAINWATER
STORAGE TANK WITH FILTER WHICH CAN PROVIDE
ALTERNATE WATER SUPPLY TO THE FIREWATER TANK.
1.4 STAIRWELL PRESURIZATION
SYSTEM (NFPA 92)
1.4.1 STAIRWELL PRESURIZATION FANS
or SPFs (NFPA 92)
In the event of a fire emergency, the stairwells are
frequently the primary escape route and may also
serve as the primary access route for firefighting
teams. In these smoke control zones, stairwell
pressurization fans (or SPF) are used to pressurize
stairwells to limit smoke infiltration by maintaining
positive pressure across closed stairwell doors. Fans
used for stairwell pressurization should be designed
to operate at low enough pressures so that exit doors
can be safely opened during evacuation.
Just like the Fire Pump, the SPF system should be
automatically be operated by the operation of the
FDAS system.
It is recommended here to use variable frequency
1.4.2 STAIRWELL PRESURIZATION
SYSTEM STANDARDS (NFPA 92)
THE MOST STRINGENT STANDARDS ARE IN:
1) Country: Canada Code: NBCC 1990
Door velocity: 4.72 cu.m/sec + 0.094 cu.m/sec for
every door
Number of Effective Open Doors: Four (2 Doors on
3 Floors, Exit Door)
No mention of Air Pressure (min. or max.)

2) Country: USA Code: NFPA 92A, 1988


Pressure: 45 Pa min. to 133Pa max.
No mention of air velocities
1.4.3 AIR PRESURIZATION CALCULATIONS
1.4.4 HP SIZE OF PRESSURIZATION
FAN
FROM EXAMPLE
Q = 24,278 CFM MINIMUM
FROM A TYP. FAN PERFORMANCE
CURVES OF A MANUFACTURER OF
HEAVY DUTY INDUSTRIAL FANS &
BLOWERS, THE HP RATING IS FROM
10HP TO 15HP
USE: 15HP, 230V, 3PHASE, 60 HZ,
29,000CFM
1.5 LIFT (ELEVATOR)
SYSTEM
ELEVATOR SYSTEMS ARE VERY SPECIALIZED
EQUIPMENT.
IT IS ADVISED TO CONSULT WITH ELEVATOR
MANUFACTURERS/ SUPPLIERS RE THE TRAFFIC
REQUIREMENTS OF EACH PARTICULAR BUILDING.
FOR REFERENCES:
A 22-STOREY MIX-USE BUILDING HAS TWO (2) LIFTS,
EACH DRIVEN BY A 25HP 3-PHASE 400/230 VOLTS
60HZ VARIABLE FREQUENCY DRIVE (VFD) MOTOR.
AN 11-STOREY MIX-USE BUILDING HAS TWO (2)
LIFTS, EACH DRIVEN BY A 20HP 3-PHASE
400/230VOLTS VFD MOTOR.
2.0 PLUMBING DESIGN
DESIGN BASIS:
TABLE 6-5 ON PAGE 73 OF THE NATIONAL
PLUMBING CODE OF 1999 INDICATES THE
EQUIVALENT WATER SUPPLY FIXTURE UNITS FOR
EVERY TYPE OF PLUMBING FIXTURES, INCLUDING
LAVATORIES, SHOWER HEADS, SINKS, WATER
CLOSETS, ETC.
SIMILARLY, TABLE 5-1 ON PAGE 107 OF THE
PLUMBING DESIGN & ESTIMATES BY MAX FAJARDO,
JR. INDICATES A SIMPLIFIED FIXTURE UNIT
VALUES FOR VARIOUS PLUMBING FIXTURES.
2.01 RAINWATER
COLLECTION
SYSTEMS
The best option is the provision of
an underground cistern with filters
and baffles to further filter
rainwater from the roof and the
gutters through sedimentation.
The capacity of this tank should
be at least equal to that of the
calculated size of the domestic
water tank.
2.011 RAINWATER COLLECTION
SYSTEMS
2.012 RAINWATER COLLECTION
SYSTEMS
2.01 3
RAINWATER
INJECTION
One good option is the
re-injection of rainwater
to an underground well
through sand filters.
This scheme which
saves space help save
rainwater from being
wasted to the sea and
to evaporation. The
water in the well can be
pumped up for domestic
purposes.
2.02 PLUMBING DESIGN
EXAMPLE OF FIXTURE UNIT CALCULATIONS TO DETERMINE WATER
SUPPLY DEMAND (USING TABLE 5-1, FIXTURE UNIT VALUES, PAGE
107, PLUMBING DESIGN & ESTIMATES BY MAX FAJARDO, JR.):
A 4-STOREY BUILDING HAS 11 WATER CLOSETS, 11 LAVATORIES, 9
SHOWERS & 3 KITCHEN SINKS, CALCULATE THE MAXIMUM
DEMAND OF WATER.
WATER CLOSETS, 11 X 6 UNITS/ CLOSET = 66 UNITS
LAVATORIES, 11 X 1 UNIT/ LAVATORY = 11 UNITS
SHOWERS, 9 X 2 UNITS / SHOWER = 18 UNITS
KITCHEN SINKS, 3 X 2 UNITS/ SINK = 6 UNITS
TOTAL FIXTURE UNITS = 101 UNITS
EST.MAX.DEMAND = 101 UNITS X 8 GAL/UNIT = 808 GAL
OR 808 GAL X 3.78 LITERS/ GAL = 3,054 LITERS
USE: 3000-LITER STAINLESS STEEL TANK
2.02 PUMPS REQUIRED

2.1 WATER BOOSTER PUMP

2.2 WATER PRESSURE PUMP & PRESSURE


TANK

2.3 CONSTANT PRESSURE PUMP/ WILO PUMP

2.4 SUMP PUMP


2.1 WATER BOOSTER PUMP
2.1.1 PUMP SIZING
FOR AN UPFEED WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM,
ASSUMING TO FILL UP THE 3000-LITER (800-GAL)
TANK IN 30 MINUTES,
THE MIN. CAPACITY OF THE WATER PUMP IS
= 800 GAL/ 30 MINUTES = 26.7 GAL. PER MINUTE OR
GPM, MINIMUM
FROM PUMP PERFORMANCE TABLES (McMASTER
CATALOG, PAGE 1201)
FOR A MAXIMUM OF 60-FT HEAD, 40GPM CAPACITY,
THE RATING OF THE MOTOR DRIVE IS
1HP, 230V 1-PHASE 60HZ. (REFER TO PUMP
SUPPLIER).
2.2 WATER PRESSURE PUMP
2.3 CONSTANT PRESSURE PUMP/
WILO PUMP
2.3.1 WILO PUMP SIZING
(Upward System)
Please see the attached MHIKE Quick
Chart in the next page in selecting
simplex, duplex or triplex booster
pumping system.

Example. If we need a 140 rooms


accommodation with a 3-storey building,
the selected model is
MHIKE W804, 2.5kW x 2, 3Ph, 380v,
60Hz.
2.3.2a WILO PUMP
SIZING CHART
2.3.2b WILO PUMP
SIZING CHART
2.3.1 PUMP SIZING FOR LARGER
VOLUMES
FOR A CONSTANT PRESSURE SUPPLY SYSTEM (LIKE WILO
PUMPS, GRUNDFOS, ETC.)
SAY FOR A 10,000 LITERS (2,645 GAL) SUPPLY SYSTEM FOR
AN 11-STOREY OFFICE BUILDING,
THE MIN. CAPACITY OF THE WATER PUMP AT 15-MINUTE
PUMPING IS:
= 2645 GAL/ 15 MINUTES = 176 GAL. PER MINUTE OR GPM,
MINIMUM
FOR A 4-STAGE WILO PUMP, USE
FOR A MAXIMUM OF 120-FT HEAD, 176GPM CAPACITY, THE
RATING OF THE WILO MOTOR DRIVE IS:
FOUR x 1.5HP, 230V 3-PHASE 60HZ VARIABLE FREQUENCY
DRIVE (VFD) MOTORS. (REFER TO PUMP SUPPLIER).
2.4 SUMP PUMPS
2.4.1 SUMP PUMP SIZING
ASSUMING A BASEMENT PUMP AREA OF 12M X 6M OR
72 SQM, THE ESTIMATED VOLUME OF LEAKAGE WATER
AT SAY 0.20M HIGH, THE VOLUME IS,
VOLUME = 12 X 6 X 0.10 = 7.2 CU.M OR 1,904 GAL
ASSUMING A 30 MINUTES PUMPING TIME, THE PUMP
GPM CAPACITY IS,
GPM = 1,904 / 30 = 63.5 GPM, MINIMUM
OR 3,809 GAL PER HOUR OR GPH, MINIMUM
REFERRING TO MCMASTER, PAGE 1191,
USE: 0.5HP 230V, 1-PH, 60HZ, 4,200 GPH, 10FT HEAD
SUMP PUMP, PLUS ADD A SPARE PUMP. (REFER TO
PUMP SUPPLIER).
3.0 ELECTRICAL DESIGN
REQUIREMENTS:
3.1 LIGHTING SYSTEM
3.2 SMALL POWER LOADS (CONVENIENCE OUTLETS)
3.3 AIRCONDITIONING LOADS
3.4 WATER HEATER LOADS
3.5 PUMP LOADS DOMESTIC WATER SUPPLY, SUMP PUMP
3.6 FIRE PUMP & JOCKEY PUMP
3.7 STAIRWELL PRESSURIZATION LOADS
3.8 ELEVATOR LOADS
3.9 LOAD SCHEDULES & DESIGN COMPUTATIONS
3.10 FIRE DETECTION & ALARM SYSTEM (FDAS)
3.11 GROUNDING SYSTEM & LIGHTNING PROTECTION SYSTEM
3.12 AUXILIARY SYSTEMS -TELEPHONE/ INTERCOM/
CCTV/CATV/ PUBLIC ADDRESS
3.01 BASIC RULE ON BRANCH
CIRCUITS

NO BRANCH CIRCUIT SHALL BE LOADED IN EXCESS


OF 80% OF ITS AMPACITY.
EXAMPLE 1 FOR A 20-AMPERE CIRCUIT:
IF THE COMPUTED LOAD CURRENT OF A BRANCH
CIRCUIT IS 16.8 AMPERES, THEN THE NEXT LARGER
SIZE OF WIRE MUST BE USED, EX. 30-AMPERE
EXAMPLE 2 FOR A 30-AMPERE BRANCH CIRCUIT: THE
MAXIMUM LOAD IS 24 AMPERES..
EXAMPLE 3 FOR A 15-AMPERE CIRCUIT: THE
MAXIMUM LOAD IS 12 AMPERES..
3.02 PEC-
1
ALLOWABLE
AMPACITIES
OF
INSULATED
WIRES,
60 C TO
90C,
NOT MORE
THAN 3
WIRES IN
CONDUIT,
AMBIENT
TEMP. OF
30C
3.03 PEC-
1 For
Optional
Calculation
s Demand
Factors for
3 or more
Multifamily
Dwellings
3.1 LIGHTING SYSTEM-1
PER AREA METHOD
USE 24 VOLT-AMPERE (VA) PER SQUARE METER
EXAMPLE 1: A 12M X 8M OFFICE AREA, THE VOLT-AMPERE
LOAD IS,
VA= 12M X 8M X 24 VA/ SQ. MTR
VA= 2,304 VA
THE LOAD CURRENT IS,
I = VOLT-AMPERE / VOLTAGE
I = 2,304 VA / 230 VOLTS
I = 10.01 AMPERES
USE A MINIMUM OF ONE 15-AMPERE BRANCH CIRCUIT
USE 2 2.0MM2 THHN W/ 15AT CIRCUIT BREAKER PROTECTION FOR THE
BRANCH CIRCUIT
3.1 LIGHTING SYSTEM-2
PER AREA METHOD
USE 24 VOLT-AMPERE (VA) PER SQUARE METER
EXAMPLE 2: A 24M X 6M OFFICE AREA, THE VOLT-AMPERE
LOAD IS,
VA= 24M X 6M X 24 VA/ SQ. MTR
VA= 3,456 VA
THE LOAD CURRENT IS,
I = VOLT-AMPERE / VOLTAGE
I = 3,456 VA / 230 VOLTS
I = 15.02 AMPERES
USE A MINIMUM OF ONE 20-AMPERE BRANCH CIRCUIT
USE 2 2.0MM2 THHN W/ 20AT CIRCUIT BREAKER PROTECTION
FOR THE BRANCH CIRCUIT
3.1 LIGHTING SYSTEM-3
PER AREA METHOD
USE 24 VOLT-AMPERE (VA) PER SQUARE METER
EXAMPLE 3: A 30M X 8M OFFICE AREA, THE VOLT-AMPERE
LOAD IS,
VA= 30M X 8M X 24 VA/ SQ. MTR
VA= 5,760 VA
THE LOAD CURRENT IS,
I = VOLT-AMPERE / VOLTAGE
I = 5,760 VA / 230 VOLTS
I = 25.04 AMPERES
USE A MINIMUM OF TWO 15-AMPERE BRANCH CIRCUITS
USE 2 2.0MM2 THHN W/ 15AT CIRCUIT BREAKER
PROTECTION FOR EACH BRANCH CIRCUIT
3.2 SMALL POWER LOADS
(CONVENIENCE OUTLETS) - 1
DEPENDING ON THE LAYOUT PLAN, CONVENIENCE OUTLETS
SHOULD BE SPACED AT A MAXIMUM OF 2.4 METERS. THE PEC
SPECIFIES 180 VOLT-AMPERE LOAD RATING PER OUTLET.
EXAMPLE 1: A 12M X 8M OFFICE AREA, THE MAX. NUMBER OF
COs IS,
= (12M + 8M) 2 / 2.4M = 16.6, SAY 17 Cos, DUPLEX
THE TOTAL CO VA LOAD IS,
VA = 17 DUPLEX COs X 180VA X 2 = 6,120 VA
THE TOTAL LOAD CURRENT IS,
I = 6120VA / 230 VOLTS = 26.7 AMPERES
NO. OF CO CIRCUITS = 26.7 / 16 = 1.67, SAY 2 CIRCUITS
USE 2 CO BRANCH CIRCUITS W/ A 20-AMPERE RATING PER
CIRCUIT, 1 CO CIRCUIT WILL HAVE 8 COs AND THE OTHER
CIRCUIT WILL HAVE 9 Cos, FOR THE 17 TOTAL COs..
3.2 SMALL POWER LOADS
(CONVENIENCE OUTLETS) - 2
EXAMPLE 2: A 20M X 20M OFFICE AREA, THE MAX.
NUMBER OF COs IS,
= (20M + 20M) 2 / 2.4M = 33.3, SAY 33 COs, DUPLEX
THE TOTAL CO VA LOAD IS,
VA = 33 DUPLEX COs X 180VA X 2 = 11,880 VA
THE TOTAL LOAD CURRENT IS,
I = 11,880VA / 230 VOLTS = 51.65 AMPERES
NO. OF CO CIRCUITS = 51.65 / 16 = 3.23, SAY 4 CIRCUITS
USE 4 CO BRANCH CIRCUITS W/ A 20-AMPERE RATING
PER CIRCUIT, 1 CO CIRCUIT WILL HAVE 9 COs AND THE
OTHER 3 CIRCUITs WILL HAVE 8 COs, FOR THE 33 TOTAL
COs..
3.3.1 AIRCONDITIONING LOAD - 1
EXAMPLE 1:
FOR A 1 UNIT OF 2.5 HP WINDOW TYPE ACU
2.5HP X 746 W
I = __________________
230V/ 0.8 PF / 0.9 EFFY
I = 11.26 AMPERES
Iw = 11.26 X 125% = 14.08 AMPERES
USE: 2 2.0mm2 THHN + 2.0mm2 TW GROUND
WIRE 20AT/60AF/2P 230V CIRCUIT BREAKER
PROTECTION
AMPACITY = 25 AMPERES
3.3.2 AIRCONDITIONING
LOAD - 2
EXAMPLE 2:
FOR A 1 UNIT OF 3-TONNER SPLIT TYPE ACU
3 TONS X 1.2HP/TON X 746 W
I = __________________________
230V X 0.8 PF X 0.9 EFFY
I = 16.2 AMPERES
Iw = 16.2 X 125% = 20.3 AMPERES
USE: 2 3.5mm2 THHN + 2.0mm2 TW GROUND
WIRE 30AT/60AF/2P 230V CIRCUIT BREAKER
PROTECTION
AMPACITY = 30 AMPERES
3.3.3 AIRCONDITIONING
LOAD - 3
EXAMPLE 3:
FOR A 1 UNIT OF 5-TONNER SPLIT TYPE ACU
5 TONS X 1.2HP/TON X 746 W
I = __________________________
230V X 0.8 PF X 0.9 EFFY
I = 27.03 AMPERES
Iw = 27.03 X 125% = 33.8 AMPERES
USE: 2 5.5mm2 THHN + 2.0mm2 TW GROUND
WIRE 30AT/60AF/2P 230V CIRCUIT BREAKER
PROTECTION
AMPACITY = 40 AMPERES
3.4.1 WATER HEATER LOADS - 1
EXAMPLE: FOR A 3,600 WATT 230V HEATER 1-PHASE
FOR THE LOAD CURRENT, I = POWER / VOLTAGE
I = 3,600W / 23OV = 15.65 AMPERES

FOR THE CIRCUIT HOMERUN


= 15.65 AMPERES X 125% = 19.56 AMPERES

USE A MINIMUM OF 20-AMPERE CIRCUIT


WIRES: 2 3.5sq.mm THHN COPPER (30A AMPACITY)
+ 2.0 sq.mm GREEN GROUND WIRE
PROTECTION: 30-AMPERE TRIP/ 2-POLE 220V CIRCUIT
BREAKER
3.4.2 WATER HEATER LOADS
-2
EXAMPLE: FOR A 5,000 WATT 230V HEATER 1-PHASE
FOR THE LOAD CURRENT, I = POWER / VOLTAGE
I = 5,000W / 23OV = 21.74 AMPERES

FOR THE CIRCUIT HOMERUN


= 21.74 AMPERES X 125% = 27.17 AMPERES
USE A 30-AMPERE CIRCUIT
WIRES: 2 3.5sq.mm THHN COPPER (30A AMPACITY)
+ 2.0 sq.mm GREEN GROUND WIRE
PROTECTION: 30-AMPERE TRIP/ 2-POLE 220V CIRCUIT
BREAKER
3.4.3 WATER HEATER LOADS
-3
EXAMPLE: FOR A 6,000 WATT 230V HEATER 1-PHASE
FOR THE LOAD CURRENT, I = POWER / VOLTAGE
I = 6,000W / 23OV = 26.08 AMPERES

FOR THE CIRCUIT HOMERUN


= 26.08 AMPERES X 125% = 32.60 AMPERES

USE A MINIMUM OF 40-AMPERE CIRCUIT


WIRES: 2 5.5sq.mm THHN COPPER (40A AMPACITY)
+ 3.5 sq.mm GREEN GROUND WIRE
PROTECTION: 40-AMPERE TRIP/ 2-POLE 220V CIRCUIT
BREAKER
3.4.4 WATER HEATER LOADS
-4
EXAMPLE: FOR A 7,500 WATT 230V HEATER 3-PHASE
FOR THE LOAD CURRENT, I = POWER / VOLTAGE /1.732
I = 7,500W / 23OV / 1.732 = 18.83 AMPERES

FOR THE CIRCUIT HOMERUN


= 18.83 AMPERES X 125% = 23.54 AMPERES

USE A MINIMUM OF 30-AMPERE CIRCUIT


WIRES: THREE 3.5sq.mm THHN COPPER (30A AMPACITY)
+ 5.5 sq.mm GREEN GROUND WIRE
PROTECTION: 30-AMPERE TRIP/ 3-POLE 220V CIRCUIT
BREAKER
3.4.5 WATER HEATER LOADS
-5
EXAMPLE: FOR A 10,000 WATT 230V HEATER 3-PHASE
FOR THE LOAD CURRENT, I = POWER / VOLTAGE /1.732
I = 10,000W / 23OV / 1.732 = 25.10 AMPERES

FOR THE CIRCUIT HOMERUN


= 25.10 AMPERES X 125% = 31.37 AMPERES

USE A MINIMUM OF 40-AMPERE CIRCUIT


WIRES: THREE 5.5sq.mm THHN COPPER (40A AMPACITY)
+ 8.0 sq.mm GREEN GROUND WIRE
PROTECTION: 40-AMPERE TRIP/ 3-POLE 220V CIRCUIT
BREAKER
3.5.1 PUMP LOADS DOMESTIC
WATER SUPPLY, SUMP PUMP - 1
EXAMPLE: FOR A 1 HP 230V PUMP 1-PHASE AC MOTOR
FOR THE LOAD CURRENT, I = POWER / VOLTAGE
I = 1HP X 746 WATTS / 23OV /0.8PF / 0.9 EFFY = 4.5 AMPERES
FULL LOAD

FOR THE CIRCUIT HOMERUN


= 4.5 AMPERES + 25% X 4.5 = 5.62 AMPERES

USE A MINIMUM OF 20-AMPERE CIRCUIT


WIRES: 2 2.0sq.mm THHN COPPER (25A AMPACITY)
+ 2.0 sq.mm GREEN GROUND WIRE
PROTECTION: 15-AMPERE TRIP/ 2-POLE 240V CIRCUIT BREAKER
PLUS MAGNETIC STARTER W/ THERMAL OVERLOAD RELAY SET @
4.5 AMPERES
3.5.2 PUMP LOADS DOMESTIC
WATER SUPPLY, SUMP PUMP - 2
EXAMPLE: FOR A 7.5 HP 230V PUMP 3-PHASE AC MOTOR
FOR THE LOAD CURRENT, I = HP / VOLTAGE/ PF/ EFFY/ 1.732
I = 7.5HP X 746 WATTS / 23OV /0.8PF / 0.9 EFFY/1.732 =
19.50AMPERES FULL LOAD
FOR THE CIRCUIT HOMERUN
= 19.50 AMPERES + 25% X 19.50 = 24.37 AMPERES

USE A MINIMUM OF 30-AMPERE CIRCUIT


WIRES: THREE 3.5sq.mm THHN COPPER (30A AMPACITY)
+ 2.0 sq.mm GREEN GROUND WIRE
PROTECTION: 40-AMPERE TRIP/ 3-POLE 240V CIRCUIT BREAKER
PLUS MAGNETIC STARTER W/ THERMAL OVERLOAD RELAY SET
@ 19.5 AMPERES
3.5.3 PUMP LOADS DOMESTIC
WATER SUPPLY, SUMP PUMP - 3
EXAMPLE: FOR A 10 HP 230V PUMP 3-PHASE AC MOTOR
FOR THE LOAD CURRENT, I = HP / VOLTAGE/ PF/ EFFY/ 1.732
I = 10HP X 746 WATTS / 23OV /0.8PF / 0.9 EFFY/1.732 =
26.0AMPERES FULL LOAD

FOR THE CIRCUIT HOMERUN


= 26.0 AMPERES + 25% X 26.0 = 32.5 AMPERES

USE A MINIMUM OF 40-AMPERE CIRCUIT


WIRES: THREE 3.5sq.mm THHN COPPER (40A AMPACITY)
+ 2.0 sq.mm GREEN GROUND WIRE
PROTECTION: 50-AMPERE TRIP/ 3-POLE 240V CIRCUIT BREAKER
PLUS MAGNETIC STARTER W/ THERMAL OVERLOAD RELAY SET @
26.0 AMPERES
3.5.4 PUMP LOADS DOMESTIC
WATER SUPPLY, SUMP PUMP - 4
EXAMPLE: FOR A 20 HP 400V PUMP 3-PHASE AC MOTOR
FOR THE LOAD CURRENT, I = HP / VOLTAGE/ PF/ EFFY/ 1.732
I = 20HP X 746 WATTS / 400V /0.8PF / 0.9 EFFY/1.732 =
29.9AMPERES FULL LOAD

FOR THE CIRCUIT HOMERUN


= 29.9 AMPERES + 25% X 29.9 = 37.4 AMPERES

USE A MINIMUM OF 40-AMPERE CIRCUIT WIRE


WIRES: THREE 5.5sq.mm THHN COPPER (40A AMPACITY)
+ 3.5 sq.mm GREEN GROUND WIRE
PROTECTION: 50-AMPERE TRIP/ 3-POLE / 400V CIRCUIT
BREAKER PLUS MAGNETIC STARTER W/ THERMAL OVERLOAD
RELAY SET @ 30.0 AMPERES
3.6 FIRE PUMP & JOCKEY PUMP
3.6.1 FIRE PUMP CIRCUIT
SIZING
ASSUME: 3HP MIN. PER FLOOR LEVEL
EXAMPLE:
FOR A 22 STOREY BUILDING,
HP RATING OF FIRE PUMP
= 22 FLOOR X 3HP/FLOOR = 66HP
USE 75HP FIRE PUMP, @ 230V RATING,
I = 75HP X 746W / 1.732/ 230V /0.8PF / 0.9 EFFY
I = 195 AMPERES FULL LOAD
Iw = 195 X 125% = 243.7 AMPS
USE: THREE 125mm2 THHN + 50mm2 GROUND in
65mm dia. RSC or IMC (AMPACITY = 265 AMPS)
PROTECTION: 600AT/600AF/3P 240V CIRCUIT BREAKER
3.6.2 FIRE PUMP CIRCUIT
SIZING
EXAMPLE:
FOR A 22 STOREY BUILDING,
HP RATING OF FIRE PUMP
= 22 FLOOR X 3HP/FLOOR = 66HP
USE 75HP FIRE PUMP, @ 400V RATING,
I = 75HP X 746W / 1.732/ 400V /0.8PF / 0.9 EFFY
I = 112 AMPERES FULL LOAD
Iw = 112 X 125% = 140 AMPS
USE: THREE 50mm2 THHN + 22mm2 GROUND in
50mm dia. RSC or IMC (AMPACITY = 150 AMPS)
PROTECTION: 400AT/400AF/3P 400V CIRCUIT BREAKER
3.7 STAIRWELL PRESSURIZATION
LOAD
IN THE EXAMPLE, THE SELECTED HP RATING IS
15HP..
THE FULL LOAD CURRENT FOR A 230V 3-PH
SYSTEM IS,
I = 15HP X 746 / 1.732/ 230V / 0.8PF/ 0.9 EFFY
39AMPERES
Iw = 39 X 125% = 48.7 AMPS
USE: THREE 8.0mm2 THHN + 5.5mm2 GROUND
in 25mm dia. RSC or IMC (AMPACITY = 55 AMPS)
PROTECTION: 60AT/100AF/3P 240V CIRCUIT
BREAKER
3.8 ELEVATOR LOADS
EXAMPLE, FOR A 25HP 3-PHASE 400 VOLTS 60HZ
VARIABLE FREQUENCY DRIVE (VFD) MOTOR, THE
FULL LOAD CURRENT IS,
I = 25HP X 746 / 1.732/ 400V / 0.8PF/ 0.9 EFFY
37.4 AMPERES
Iw = 37.4 X 125% = 46.7 AMPS
USE: THREE 8.0mm2 THHN + 5.5mm2 GROUND
in 25mm dia. RSC or IMC (AMPACITY = 55 AMPS)
PROTECTION: 60AT/100AF/3P 400V CIRCUIT
BREAKER
3.9.1 LOAD SCHEDULES & DESIGN
COMPUTATIONS-1
3.9.2 LOAD SCHEDULES & DESIGN
COMPUTATIONS-2
3.9.3 TYP.POWER RISER DIAGRAM
3.9.4 SIZING THE TRANSFORMER
The total connected load is
kVA = 1.732 x V x I / 1000
= 1.732 x 220 volts x 365.72 amperes /
1000
= 139.35 kVA total conn. load

The Demand Load is


Demand kVA = Total kVA Conn. Load x
Demand Factor
Assume a 40% Demand Factor
Demand kVA = 139.35 kVA x 0.40 = 55.74 kVA
Average kVA per phase = 55.74 / 3 = 18.58
kVA
3.9.4 SIZING THE STANDBY POWER

The total connected load is


= 139.35 kVA total conn. load
The calculated Demand Load is
kVA = 55.74 kVA
Assuming a 100% emergency power back up
Genset kW = 55.74 x 0.80 pf = 44.6 kW demand
Assuming a maximum loading of 70%
The kW capacity of the generator = 44.6 / 0.70 = 63.7 kW
Use: 75 kW 230 volts 3-phase 60 Hertz 1800 RPM diesel
engine generator set complete with accessories, i.e.
starting battery, fuel day tank, exhaust silencer, metering,
manual or automatic transfer switch, etc.

3.9.5 SIZING THE SOLAR POWER
Assume an available roof area of 30 mtrs by 20 mtrs,
and about 205 of the area to be allotted for anchoring
the panels and for maintenance access,
The number of 250 watts solar panels is,
= 20 x 30 x 80% / 1.6m x 1.0m
= 300 panels
The Total kW capacity of the Solar Power Supply system
is,
= 300 panels x 250 watts / 1000
= 75 kW maximum possible
Use: 6 each 12kW grid tie inverters (to be connected 4
x 6kW inverters per phase) 240 volts DC input, 220
volts AC 1-phase, pure sine wave output.
Note: Option to arrange a net metering agreement with
the Utility company. Any extra energy generated during
3.9.6 Typ. Grid Tie Solar Power
System
3.10 TYP. FIRE DETECTION & ALARM
SYSTEM (FDAS) LAYOUT
3.10.1 TYP. FIRE DETECTION & ALARM
SYSTEM (FDAS) RISER DIAGRAM-1
3.10.2 TYP. FIRE DETECTION &
ALARM SYSTEM (FDAS) RISER
DIAGRAM-2
3.11 TYP. GROUDING SYSTEM FOR
LOW/MID/HIGH-RISE BUILDINGS
3.11.1 TYP. GROUNDING
CONNECTION DETAILS
3.11.2 TYP. GROUNDING
CONNECTION DETAILS
3.11.3 LIGHTNING PROTECTION
SYSTEM (EARLY STREAMER TYPE)
3.11.4 TYP. LIGHTNING PROTECTION
SYSTEM FOR TALL BUILDING

HV Insulated Cable
3.12 TYP.AUXILIARY- TELEPHONE,
CABLE TV & CCTV LAYOUT
3.12.1 TYP. AUXILIARY- TELEPHONE &
CABLE TV RISER DIAGRAMS-1
3.12.2 TYP. AUXILIARY- TELEPHONE
& CABLE TV RISER DIAGRAMS-2
THANK YOU & GOD BLESS!
MABUHAY!