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Physical Science

Big Idea 8: Properties of Matter


Grade 5 Quarter 1 Topic 3
Properties of Matter

Practicing Science:
Observing the Natural World
of Matter Mary Tweedy, CSS
Keisha Kidd, CSS
Dr. Millard Lightburn,
District Science Supervisor
Department of Mathematics and
Science
Grade 5 Pacing Guide Topic 1: Practi
cing Science
SC.5.P.8.1 Compare and contrast the basic properties of solids, liquids, and
gases, such as mass, volume,Benchmarks
color, texture, and temperature.
SC.5.N.1.1 Define a problem, use appropriate reference materials to
support scientific understanding, plan and carry out scientific
investigations of various types such as: systematic observations,
experiments requiring the identification of variables, collecting and
organizing data, interpreting data in charts, tables, and graphics, analyze
information, make predictions, and defend conclusions. AA
SC.5.N.2.1 Recognize and explain that science is grounded in empirical
observations that are testable; explaining must always be linked with
evidence. AA
SC.5.N.2.2 Recognize and explain that when scientific investigations are
carried out, the evidence produced by those investigations should be
replicable by others. AA
MACC.5.MD.1.2 Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in
fractions of a unit (1/2, 1/4, 1/8). Use operations on fractions for this grade
to solve problems involving information presented in line plots. For
example, given different measurements of liquid in identical beakers, find
the amount of liquid each beaker would contain if the total amount in all
Department of Mathematics and
the beakers were redistributed equally. Science
Practicing Science:Observing
the Natural World of Matter

What Is Matter?

Matter is the material or stuff everything is made of.

What are you doing if you are observing matter?

Observing matter means to carefully explore all of its properties.

Look around the room and identify some matter.


What are some physical properties matter can have?
Color, texture, odor, shape

What are two properties that all matter share?


All matter has mass and takes up space.

What are the three states of matter?


solid, liquid, and gas
Department of Mathematics and
Science
What physical properties do
all solids have in common?
The particles in
solids are close
together and vibrate
in place. For this
reason:
A solid has its own
definite shape and
definite volume.
A solid keeps its
shape even when it
moves.
Department of Mathematics and
Science
do
all liquids have
The particles in in
liquids
common?
are not as close together
as the particles in solids
and move more freely than
particles of solids. For this
reason:
Liquids have a definite
volume.
Liquids take the shape of
their container.
Liquids can be poured
from one container to
another.
Department of Mathematics and
Science
What physical properties do all
gases have in common?
The particles in gases
move freely in all
directions. For this
reason:
Gases have no
definite size or shape.
A gas take the shape
of its container.
A gas will fill all the
space inside a
container.
Three States foldable
Three States Venn
diagram Department of Mathematics and
Science
Observing and Measuring
Matter
Center
Choose an Object to Observe Choose an Observation Type
Thumb
List as many properties as you can
Pencil
about that object.
Book
Desk What do you observe about that
Chair object quantitatively?
Penny
Drop of Water What are all the things you observe
Rock directly about.?
Shell
Plant
Describe how this object looks, feels,
Leaf sounds, and/or smells.
Flower
Other Department of Mathematics and
Science
Investigation One*

1. Open up your bag of objects and place them on the tray.


2. List each object in your notebook as you observe it.
3. Use your senses to make qualitative observations. Write
down words to describe each object.
4. Use your measurement tools to make quantitative
observations and record for each object.
5. Look over your observation notes and put all the objects
that share a property together in one group. Write down
the common property.
6. What word describes the object(s) left over? If more than
one do they have a property in common?
7. Now classify the objects into another group and do steps
5
and 6.
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*Adapted from abpi Properties of Materials Science
What are some
Properties or characteristics of Matter?

Color
Shape
Size
Luster
Texture
Mass
Weight
Length
Volume
State/Phase
(solid, liquid or gas)
Department of Mathematics and
Science
Investigation Two*
Equipment Needed: lab sheet, container of water, flashlight, magnet,
circuit (light bulb & wires & battery in a holder connected)
Procedures: Read the test below and predict which properties apply to
your groups six objects. Then conduct the following tests using materials
provided in order to identify which properties apply to your groups six
objects. Record results on chart. Compare predictions to results.
1. Does the material change when dipped into water? (absorbent)
2. Does the material stretch and then return to shape? (elastic)
3. Does electricity flow when the material is used to complete the circuit?
(conductor)
4. Is the magnet attracted to the material? (magnetic)
5. Can you scratch the material with a fingernail, penny? (hardness)
6. Can you see through the material? (translucent -light travels through)
7. Does the material bend without breaking? (flexible)
Bonus: Try to think of a new way to classify your group of objects
based on the test results.
*Adapted from abpi Properties of Materials
Department of Mathematics and
Science
Investigation Two Make predictions, test and
then record test results on lab sheet chart.
Compare.
Absorbe Elastic Conducto Magneti Hard Transpar
nt r Flexible c ent
of
Electricit
y
1.
2.

3.


4.


5.


6.

*Opposites

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*Fill in an opposite for each Science
property in the row above.
Match the Properties
Being Tested
1. Does the material stretch and
then return to shape?
A. Absorbent
2. Does electricity flow when the
B. Elastic
material is used to complete the
circuit? C. Electrical
3. Is the magnet attracted to the Conductor
material?
4. Can a penny scratch the D. Flexible
material?
5. Can you see through the E. Magnetic
material?
6. Does the material bend without F. Hard
breaking?
7. Does the material change when G. Transparent
dipped into water? Department of Mathematics and
Science
What can be added to the
Properties of Matter List?

Color
Flexible
Shape
Elastic
Size Magnetic
Luster Conductor of
Texture electricity
Mass Ability to sink or float
Weight in water
Ability to Dissolve in
Volume a liquid or solubility
State/Phase
(solid, liquid or gas)
Department of Mathematics and
Science
Mystery MATTER
(Show What You Know)

1. Pick a small object that will fit in a paper bag.


2. Make quantitative observations (mass, length,
height, volume)
3. Make qualitative observations (texture, luster,
flexibility, magnetic )
4. Use these observations to write a description
including properties that will help others
identify this mystery matter.
5. Share your description with classmates and
have them guess what your mystery object is.
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Science
Mystery MATTER
Connected Learning
Choose a mystery object identified and do the following reflection:

1. Was there a property that helped you


determine the mystery objects identity
easier than other properties? Explain.
2. Which observations were quantitative?
3. Which observations were qualitative?
4. What are you wondering now?

Department of Mathematics and


Science
Investigation Three
Adapted from abpi Properties of Materials

What do we call characteristics that can be


observed, measured, or changed without
changing the object itself?
physical properties
They are the things that do not change about an
object unless you change the material.
Try out the questions below:

Would you make: No? What Property is What would be a good
needed? material?
A METAL window? transparency glass
A STRING chair?

A PAPER bucket?
A RUBBER knife?
An ALUMINUM magnet?
A METAL raincoat?
A GLASS football?


Department of Mathematics and
Science
Investigation Four
1. Choose an object to design.
2. It could be an umbrella, a sneaker, a backpack or
something else.
3. Think about what property the object needs. For
example: an umbrella needs to be waterproof.
What else?
tough, flexible
4. Decide on what would be a good material.
5. Draw the design and label the materials to be used
and their properties.

Department of Mathematics and


Science
Big Idea 8: Properties of Matter
Resources
Common Properties of Matter: Atoms, Elements &
States
http://
schoolmediainteractive.com/view/object/clip/0D250A3457F9A42AA8A7ED06EB486C3E

Chem4Kids Matter:
http://www.chem4kids.com/files/matter_intro.html

Fremont Magnet Elementary: 5th Grade Science


Matter Review
http://schools.bcsd.com/fremont/5th_sci__matter_properties_of_matter.htm

Discovery Education
Fun-damental: Whats the Matter?
Animation: Matter
Reading Passage: What Is Matter?
Department of Mathematics and
Science