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Climate Change

Presented by:
Arantxa. K. G.
Bindhya.D.S
Mayoori M. Nair
Neethu S N
Reshmi Krishna R
M. Ed
Govt. College of Teacher
Education, Thycaud
Definition of Climate
Change
"Climate change" refers
to any long-termchangein
Earth'sclimate, or in
theclimateof a region or
city. This includes warming,
cooling and changes
besides temperature.
EVIDENCES OF CLIMATE CHANGE
Glacier retreat

1875 2004
Heavy rainfall across the globe
RISE IN SEA LEVEL

Melting ice sheets Sea level rise


Rise in temperature
Extreme drought
Decline in crop productivity
Animal and plant life is changing

2/3 of European An analysis of At Boston's Arnold


butterfly species the distributions Arboretum, plants
studied have shifted of British birds are flowering eight
their ranges found that many days earlier on
northward by as species have average than they
much as 150 miles. moved north by did from 1900 to
(Parmesan, 1996; Parmesan et an average of 1920. (Primack et al,2004)
al., 1999)
18.9 km. (Thomas et
Human Causes
Major Causes of Increasing
Climate Change
green house gas
Natural Causes
emissions from burning fossil fuels-
the arctic tundra and wetlands release
oil, coal, gas
methane, a greenhouse gas
Pollution, smog from factories
Earth naturally has a cycle of climate
Large forests have been cut down
change that occurs every 40, 000 years
(trees absorb CO2 and pollution,
the suns solar energy output is
deforestation creates about 6 billion
changing and naturally increases
tons of CO2 per year)
Earths average temperature by about

1C every century Increasing world population-more

Earths orbit and tilt alter in relation to people requires more food, energy,

the sun, which changes solar energy transportation, etc. Farms animals

output release methane from their wastes.

Volcanic eruptions More people also means more CO2

production from respiration and less


trees to make room for human
population
Causes of Climate Change
NATURAL CAUSES
Volcanic eruptions Ocean currents

Solar Variation
HUMAN CAUSES
(Anthropogenic or Man-
made causes)
Greenhouse gases
Deforestation
Coal mining
Burning of fossil fuels
Industrial processes
Agriculture
Increasing greenhouse gases trap
more heat
Deforestation Coal Mining Burning of Fossil
Fuels

Industrial processes Agriculture


What can be done?
First we must admit that
climate change is everyones
problem. No agency,
government, or scientist can
fix it for us. We are all in this
together.
We got here because of our
lifestyle. So our lifestyle has to
change.
Heres what you can
do
Strategies to combat Climate Change
Walk or bike instead of driving a car
Use compact fluorescent light bulbs
as these energy-efficient
Reduce heating and air-conditioning
in your homes
Use car pools whenever possible
Buy local and seasonal produce
Put a lid on vessels when cooking
Turn off all electrical appliances
instead of putting them on standby
when not in use
Unplug electrical appliances when
fully charged
Keep the opening of fridge and
freezer doors to the minimum
Use pressure cookers as much as
possible

RENEW, RECYCLE, REUSE

Conserve Water Reduce waste

Conserve in the Car Conserve Electricity


Major Organizations against climate change

Greenpea
ce

Greenpeace is the leading independent


campaigning organization that uses peaceful
protest and creative communication to expose
global environmental problems and to promote
solutions that are essential to a green and
peaceful future.
The Intergovernmental Panel on
Climate Change (IPCC)

The
Intergovernmen
tal Panel on
Climate Change
(IPCC) is the
international
body for
assessing the
science related
to climate
change.
World Meteorological Organization

The WMO is the U.N.-based international organization for


cooperation among national weather agencies on all sorts
of weather-related projects, including the instrument
observations at a vast network of weather stations that
UNITED NATIONS ENVIRONMENT
PROGRAMME

UNEP is the administrative umbrella for most major


UN environmental efforts, including those on
climate change.
Autonomous Organisations in India against
climate change
Govind Ballabh Pant
Institute of Himalayan
Environment &
Development
Indian Council of
Forestry Research and
Education
Indian Institute of
Forest Management
Indian Plywood
Industries Research
and Training Institute
Wildlife Institute of
India
Theres no place like home
and there may never be again. Do your part.

Help Save Earth

A N K