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Army Vision: By 2028, a world-class Army that is a source of national pride.

Muralla St., Intramuros, Manila

Mapua Institute of Technology
Army Core Purpose: Serving the people. Securing the land.

A.The Core Values

B.Military Culture, Customs & Traditions






1. HONOR - means truthfulness, sincerity, honesty, credibility. Honor

means integrity, a modest but decent life. A honorable soldier does not lie, cheat,
steal, violate moral and ethical codes not tolerate the violations of the code of
honor is the sacred part of the character of a soldier, violation of which should
bring shame

2. LOYALTY - steadfast commitment to service , trust, faith and

allegiance to the Army, fellow soldiers and country. We shall obey the
order of those legally appointed over us. We shall support those who
lead us and those who serve with us.

3. VALOR - as the power and strength, courage and ability to

overcome fear, which enables the soldiers to carry out their mission
and to accomplish what is seemingly impossible.

4. DUTY - Despite difficulty and danger, we perform our tasks as

order or implied. Discipline and obedience, we believe that duty is a
personal act of responsibility, which we show by doing all our assigned
tasks to the best of our ability.

5. SOLIDARITY - Solidarity is the value that binds us with the

rest of our comrades-in-arms. It is the value that makes us one strong
and united organization.
Military Culture, Customs and Traditions and
Core Philosophies

1. The AFP Organization - proves that the AFP should be organized

in such manner that it can function effectively to accomplish its
mission with minimum cost and maximum result. The AFP
Organization must also promote the active participation of the
people in the defense of the state and in civil assistance projects
during disaster and calamities and national emergencies.

2. Supremacy of civilian authority - emphasizes the legal and moral

obligation of the soldier as an ordinary citizen of the republic to obey the
laws, carryout directives and subscribe to regulations enacted and issued
by the legislative judicial and executive branches of the civil government
Military Culture, Customs and Traditions and
Core Philosophies

3. Chain of Command - deals on the generally accepted principles that a

military action being executed should pass the approval or consent of the
Commander at each level or echelon of command from lowest to highest
without bypassing any approving authority or taking the action upon
ones self as his prerogative

4. Military leadership -summarizes the significant role of a military

leader or Commander to influence his men to carryout its mission,
perform assigned tasks or fulfill its obligations and functions
Military Culture, Customs and Traditions and
Core Philosophies

5. Peoples support - is a statement of the acknowledgement by the AFP

of the vital importance of peoples support to achieve peace and order.
To get peoples support, the members of the AFP should exercise
prudence and justice when dealing with the civilians. The soldiers
should respect and protect the rights of the people, their beliefs, ways of
life and living conditions

6. National Development - the AFP must be a catalyst of change,

reform and development. It must actively participate in endeavors that
will contribute to national progress
Military Culture, Customs and Traditions and
Core Philosophies

7. Partisan Politics - the members of the AFP shall not engage in

partisan politics. Its involvement shall be limited only to the exercises
of his right to vote the candidate of his choices and to assist in
ensuring a clean and honest election

8. Democracy - the AFP adheres to the principles of democracy. It

believes that the Philippine Government is the embodiment of the Filipino
peoples will and was established to protect their inherent rights and to
fulfill their aspirations as a nation
Military Culture, Customs and Traditions and
Core Philosophies

9. National Interest - the AFP realizes that the protection of national

interest is for the common good of the people. In accomplishing the
mission given to AFP it shall keep in mind that national interests is of
paramount concern and must be enhanced and protected

10. Peace - the AFP believes that program and development can only be
attained if there is stability, peace and order

11. War -the AFP believes that war or the use of force against the enemy
of the state shall be resorted to only when all the peaceful means shall
have failed and no other option is left to resolve the conflict
Military Culture, Customs and Traditions and
Core Philosophies

12. Use of Armed Force - When implementing government policies

pertaining to security, the AFP must act with restraint as far as use of
force is concerned. When the use of arms is necessary, it must have the
authority of the duly established government

13. Social Justice - the members of the AFP shall be instrument in the
promotion of social justice. It shall subscribe to the generally accepted
principle that all men are created equal and every citizen must be given
the same rights and opportunities in life and equal protection from the
Military Culture, Customs and Traditions and
Core Philosophies

14. Human Rights - The members of the AFP shall respect the inherent
rights of an individual as a human being. In the performance of its
mission, the troops must see to it that the lives and properties on non-
combatants and innocent civilians are well protected
Military Culture, Customs and Traditions and
Core Philosophies
15. Enemies of the State
1) Those who shall violate the sovereignty of the Philippines such as
foreign aggression whose intention is to occupy and control the national territory or part
2) Those who resort to violence as a means to achieve their ends such as
NPA or Guerillas.
3) Those who shall not accept the supremacy of civilian authority over the
military, such as the coup plotters and participants.
4) Those who shall dismember the country or any part thereof, such as the
Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) and other secessionist groups.
5) Those who shall engage in organized crimes, such as gambling
syndicates, drug pushers, gun runners, hired killers.
6) Those who shall organize the populace for the purpose of alienating
their allegiance from the state such as the national democratic front and the sectoral
organizations under its umbrella
Military Culture, Customs and Traditions and
Core Philosophies

16. Military professionalism - is the heart and soul of the whole AFP code
of ethics. It emphasizes that being public servants, we in the AFP area
expected to perform our duties and responsibilities with utmost
competence and efficiency. Our right to bear arms as one of the
peculiarities of the military service calls for the assurance to the people
that their safety, protection and welfare shall be our paramount concern

17. Standards

a. Standard of Loyalty - all military personnel shall be loyal and true to

the Republic of the Philippines, the constitution, the AFP and to the
people. We are loyal to the republic when we serve its interest and
protect its territorial integrity against the enemy, even if it shall cost our
Military Culture, Customs and Traditions and
Core Philosophies

b. Standard of Competence - All military must be competent in

the performance of his duties. By competence means the ability
or capability to do what is expected him/her to do and to do it
c. Standard of Ethics - Every soldier must conform to the
accepted principles of right conduct, being observed in the
society which he is a part, from being a soldier, he is also a
citizen of the community, because the military community is
only a part of a larger society the Filipino society

d. Standard of Morals - The soldier must be aware that he has

the capacity to distinguish between what is right and what is
wrong. To be moral is to do the right things and to avoid the
wrong ones
Military Culture, Customs and Traditions and
Core Philosophies

18. Unprofessional Acts - these behaviors that fall short of the

professional standards as enumerated in the AFP code of ethics are
considered unprofessional acts

Examples: Disloyalty, Incompetence, Unethical Acts and Corrupt Acts

End of Topic

Any Questions or Clarifications will be heard at this moment.