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UMTS Access Control

ZTE University
Content

UMTS System Information Broadcasting


UMTS Paging
UMTS Random Access
UMTS RRC Connection Setup and Release
Access Failed Case
System Broadcasting
The system information broadcasted over the BCH channel
mainly includes the following contents:
Public Land Mobile Network (PLMN) ID, location area (LA), route
area (RA)
Information on the timers and counters related to the Radio
Resource Control (RRC) connections
Configuration information of the UTRAN registration area (URA)
Cell selection and reselection parameters
Parameters for configuring the common channels, such as FACH,
PCH, and RACH
Information on the uplink interference related to the auxiliary power
control
UE measurement control message over the idle or common channel
Parameters of the adjacent cell
System information
Master information block (MIB)
Schedule block (SB)
System information block (SIB)
ZTE UTRAN supports SIB1, SIB2, SIB3, SIB5, SIB7, SIB11,
SIB11bis, SIB18.
MIB

SB1/SB2

SIB1 SIB2 SIB3/4 SIB5/6 SIB7 SIB11/12

SIB15 SIB18
Scheduling levels of the SIBS

Information blocks scheduled by MIB: SB, SIB1, SIB2, SIB3,


Level 1
SIB5, SIB7
Level 2 Information blocks scheduled by SB1: SIB11, SIB18
Broadcast interval of level 2 >= broadcast interval of level 1
SIB Block
SIB Content Controlled by
SIB1 the CN information, UE behavior RNC
related timers and counters
SIB2 URA ID of a cell RNC
SIB3/4 cell selection and cell reselection RNC
SIB5/6 common transport channels and RNC
common physical channels
SIB7 parameters needed in the calculation RNC/NodeB
of the PRACH preamble power
SIB11/12 cell measurement control information. RNC
SIB 11bis Compensation of SIB 11 RNC
SIB 15 Information for location service RNC
SIB 18 the PLMN tag of neighbor cell RNC
System broadcasting
SIB1
SIB1 mainly contains the CN information, UE behavior
related timers and counters.
T300 N312Connected
N300 T313
T312Idle N313
N312Idle N315
T302 T314
N302 T315
T304 T316
N304 T317
T305 T3212Cs
T307 ATTIndCs
T308 NMOPs
N308 Kcs
T309 Kps
T312 Connected
SIB1
SIB2
SIB2 specifies the URA ID of a cell. With SIB2, the UE in
the URA_PCH state can update the URA.

Parameter Name Parameter Description


URANum Number of UTRAN registration areas
URA[4] ID of a UTRAN registration area
SIB3/SIB4
Parameters in SIB3 and SIB4 are related to the
cell selection and cell reselection. SIB3 contains
information required by the UE in Idle mode. SIB4
contains information required by the UE in
Connected. If SIB4 is not sent, the UE in
Connected mode can also receive SIB3.
SIB3/SIB4
Parameter Name Parameter Description
Cid Cell ID
QualMeas Measurement Quantity for Cell Selection and Reselection
SIntraSearchPre Sintrasearch Configuration Tag
SIntraSearch The threshold that triggers the intra-frequency measurement in the cell reselection
process
SInterSearchPre Sintersearch Configuration Tag
SInterSearch The threshold that triggers the inter-frequency measurement in the cell reselection
process
SSearchHCS Pre SsearchHCS Configuration Tag
SSearchHCS The threshold that triggers the measurement in the HCS cell reselection process
SSearchRat The threshold that triggers the inter-system measurement in the cell reselection
process
SHCSRatPre SHCS,RAT Configuration Tag
SHCSRat The threshold that triggers the inter-system measurement in the HCS cell reselection
process
SLimitRat The threshold that triggers the inter-system cell measurement in the cell reselection
process
QQualMin The minimum cell quality requirement level
QRxLevMin The minimum cell receive electrical level threshold
DltaQRxLevMinPr DeltaQrxlevmin Configuration Tag
DltaQRxLevMin The minimum cell receive electrical level threshold increment
SIB5/SIB6
SIB5 and SIB6 are mainly used to configure the
common transport channels and common physical
channels. SIB5 contains the parameters of the
auxiliary common control channels in IDEL mode;
SIB6 contains the parameters of the common
physical channels or shared physical channels in
connected mode. The UE in Idle mode uses SIB5;
the UE in connected mode uses SIB6. If SIB6
does not exist, the UE in the connected mode also
uses SIB5.
SIB5/SIB6
Parameter Name Parameter Description
Transmission format index. It is used to indicate the attributes of a
transport channel, including channel type, transport format number,
TfsIndex
number of transport blocks, transport block size, transmission time
interval, coding rate, rate matching attribute.
ChType Channel Type
TfNum Transport Format Number
TrBlkNum Number of Transport Blocks
RlcSize Transport Block Size
TTI Transmission Time Interval
CodingRate Coding Rate
RateMatchAttr Rate Matching Attribute
CRCSize CRC Size
NiNumPerFrame Number of NI per Frame
CPCId Common Physical Channel ID
MichPwr Power(dB)
MichChCode Channelisation Code No.
SIB5/SIB6
Parameter Name Parameter Description
SttdInd STTD Indicator
SttdInd AICH STTD Indicator
ChCode AICH Channelisation Code No.
AichTranTime AICH Transmission Timing
AichPwr AICH Power
MplexPos Multiplexing Position
PCHInd Indicator for SCCPCH Carrying PCH
DlScraCode SCPICH Scrambling Code
ChCode SCPICH Channelisation Code No
ChCode PICH Channelisation Code No.
SttdInd PICH STTD Indicator
CPCId Pich Common Physical Channel ID
PichPwr PICH Power
SttdInd PCCPCH STTD Indicator
Signature Available Signature
AvailSubChanNum PRACH Available Subchannel Number
AvailableSF PRACH Available SF
SIB5/SIB6
Parameter Name Parameter Description
PreamScraCode PRACH Preamble Scrambling Code
PcpichPwr P-CPICH Power(dBm)
PunctLimit Puncturing Limit
SignalFach FACH Usage
Index of a transmission format combination set. It must be configured for
TfcsIndex
S-CCPCH or PRACH.
Number of transmission format combination sets. It must be configured
CtfcNum for S-CCPCH or PRACH.
ID of a transmission format combination. It must be configured for S-
Ctfc CCPCH or PRACH.
SCCPCHUsage SCCPCH Usage
SccpchOffset SCCPCH Frame Timing Offset
SttdInd SCCPCH STTD Indicator
DlScraCode S-CCPCH Scrambling Code
DlChCodeNo S-CCPCH Channelisation Code No.
SlotFmt S-CCPCH Slot Format
SttdInd P-CPICH STTD Indicator
SIB7
SIB7 is the system information block that is updated
periodically. The timer of SIB7 is calculated as follows:
Expiration timer = MAX(32,SIB_REP * ExpirationTimeFactor)
SIB_REP is the transmission interval of SIB7 and is obtained at the
time of broadcast scheduling; ExpirationTimeFactor is the timeout
factor of SIB7 and is set to 2 invariably.
SIB7 contains the parameters needed in the calculation of
the PRACH preamble power.

Parameter Name Parameter Description


DynPstLevelInit Initial Dynamic Persistence Level
SIB11/SIB12
SIB11/SIB12 is used to configure cell
measurement control information. SIB11 specifies
the measurement control information required by
the UE in Idle mode. SIB12 specifies the
measurement control information required by the
UE in FACH state. If SIB12 is not broadcasted, the
UE in connected mode can also use the
configuration information specified by SIB11.
SIB18
SIB18 specifies the PLMN tag that must be considered by
the UE in Idle or connected mode.

Parameter Name Parameter Description


NMCC Mobile Country Code of Neighboring Cell
NMNC Mobile Network Code of Neighboring Cell
SIB11bis
The content of SIB11bis is same with SIB11, it can
alleviate the lack of SIB11 space when there is too many
adjacent cells.

Parameter Name Parameter Description


SIB11ORSIB11BIS Specify if an adjacent cell information can be
broadcast through SIB11bis
Waiting Time After UE Sending RRC
CONNECTION SETUP REQUEST Message
Parameter Name T300
Description The timer is started after the UE sends the RRC
CONNECTION REQUEST message. The T300 timer is
stopped when the message RRC CONNECTION SETUP is
received, when the timer expires and the retransmit event
count is smaller than N300, the UE retransmits the RRC
CONNECTION SETUP REQUEST message.

Range and Step 100 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400
1600 1800 2000 3000 4000 6000 8000
ms
Default Value 2000ms
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->UE
Timers and Constants Infomation ->Waiting Time After UE
Sending RRC CONNECTION SETUP REQUEST
Message(T300)(ms)
Maximum Number of Retransmissions of the
RRC CONNECTION REQUEST Message
Parameter Name N300
Description If the T300 timer expires and the retransmit event count is
equal to or larger than N300 but the RRC CONNECTION
SETUP message has not been received, the UE enters the
Idle mode.
Range and Step 07
Default Value 3
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->UE
Timers and Constants Infomation ->Maximum Number of
Retransmissions of the RRC CONNECTION REQUEST
Message (N300)
Waiting Time for Receiving "In Sync" from L1
in Idle Mode
Parameter Name T312Idle
Description The timer is started when the UE starts to establish the
dedicated channel. When the UE finds the number of
synchronization indications received from layer 1 is equal to
N312Idle, the T312 timer is stopped. If the timer expires, the
physical channel setup fails.
Range and Step 1 15 s
Default Value 2s
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->UE
Timers and Constants Infomation ->Waiting Time for
Receiving "In Sync" from L1 in Idle Mode (T312 in Idle Mode)
(s)
Maximum Number of "In Sync" Received from
L1 in Idle Mode
Parameter Name N312Idle
Description The smaller the parameter, it is easier to judge whether the
synchronization finishes, but the chance of fake
synchronization also increases; the larger the parameter, the
higher the reliability, but it is more time consuming.
Range and Step 0 11
Default Value 10
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->UE
Timers and Constants Infomation ->Maximum Number of "In
Sync" Received from L1 in Idle Mode (N312 in Idle Mode)
Waiting Time After UE Sending CELL/URA
UPDATE Message
Parameter Name T302
Description The counter is started when the UE sends the CELL UPDATE
or URA UPDATE message; the counter is stopped when the
UE receives the CELL UPDATE CONFIRM or URA UPDATE
CONFIRM message. If the counter T302 expires but the
number of retransmitted messages is smaller than N302, the
UE retransmits the CELL UPDATE or URA UPDATE message.

Range and Step 100 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400
1600 1800 2000 3000 4000 6000 8000
ms
Default Value 1000ms
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->UE
Timers and Constants Infomation ->Waiting Time After UE
Sending CELL/URA UPDATE Message(T302)(ms)
Maximum Number of Retransmissions of the
CELL/URA UPDATE Message
Parameter Name N302
Description When the T302 counter expires and the number of the CELL
UPDATE or URA UPDATE messages sent by the UE is larger
than or equal to N302, the UE enters the Idle mode.
Range and Step 07
Default Value 2
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->UE
Timers and Constants Infomation ->Maximum Number of
Retransmissions of the CELL/URA UPDATE Message (N302)
Waiting Time After UE Sending UE
CAPABILITY INFORMATION Message
Parameter Name T304
Description When the UE sends the UE CAPABILITY INFORMATION
message, the timer is started; when the UE receives the UE
CAPABILITY INFORMATION Confirmed message, the timer is
stopped. When the T304 timer expires and the number of the
CAPABILITY INFORMATION messages sent by the UE is
smaller than N304, the UE retransmits the UE CAPABILITY
INFORMATION message.

Range and Step 100 200 400 1000 2000 ms


Default Value 2000ms
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->UE
Timers and Constants Infomation ->Waiting Time After UE
Sending UE CAPABILITY INFORMATION Message(T304)
(ms)
Maximum Number of Retransmissions of the
UE CAPABILITY INFORMATION Message
Parameter Name N304
Description When the T304 counter expires and the retransmit event
count is equal to or larger than N304, the UE starts the CELL
UPDATE process.
Range and Step 07
Default Value 2
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->UE
Timers and Constants Infomation ->Maximum Number of
Retransmissions of the UE CAPABILITY INFORMATION
Message (N304)
Period of Cell/URA Update When UE is in
CELL_FACH/CELL_PCH/ URA_PCH State
Parameter Name T305
Description The T305 timer is started when the UE enters the
CELL_FACH, or CELL_PCH/URA_PCH state. When the UE
receives the CELL UPDATE CONFIRM or URA UPDATE
CONFIRM message, the T305 timer is stopped. When the
T305 timer expires and the UE detects its own serving cell, the
UE sends the CELL UPDATE message; when the T305 timer
expires and the UE is not in the serving cell, it starts the T307
timer.

Range and Step no


update 5 10 30 60 120 360 720 min
Default Value 5min
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->UE
Timers and Constants Infomation -> Period of Cell/URA
Update When UE is in CELL_FACH/CELL_PCH/ URA_PCH
State(T305)(min)
Waiting Time for Cell Reselection After UE is
out of Service
Parameter Name T307
Description The parameter specifies the waiting time between the time
when the UE leaves the serving cell and the time when the UE
reselects the cell. The smaller the parameter, more quickly the
UE can reenter the network, but this may increase the load of
the UE and the system.
Range and Step 5 10 15 20 30 40 50 s
Default Value 5s
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->UE
Timers and Constants Infomation ->Waiting Time for Cell
Reselection After UE is out of Service(T307)(s)
Waiting Time After Sending RRC CONNECTION
RELEASE COMPLETE Message in CELL_DCH State
Parameter Name T308
Description The T308 timer is started after the UE sends the RRC
CONNECTION RELEASE COMPLETE message. When the
T308 timer expires and the number of the RRC
CONNECTION RELEASE COMPLETE messages sent by the
UE is smaller than N308, the UE retransmits the RRC
CONNECTION RELEASE COMPLETE message.

Range and Step 40 80 160 320 ms


Default Value 80ms
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->UE
Timers and Constants Infomation ->Waiting Time After
Sending RRC CONNECTION RELEASE COMPLETE
Message in CELL_DCH State(T308) (ms)
Maximum Number of Retransmissions of the
RRC CONNECTION RELEASE Message
Parameter Name N308
Description When the T308 counter expires and the number of the RRC
CONNECTION RELEASE COMPLETE messages sent by the
UE is larger than or equal to N308, the UE enters the Idle
mode.
Range and Step 18
Default Value 1
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage
->RNC Radio Resource Management -> Maximum Number of
Retransmissions of the RRC CONNECTION RELEASE
Message(N308)
Waiting Time After Requesting Connection
Establishment in Other System(eg. GSM)
Parameter Name T309
Description When the UE receives the CELL CHANGE ORDER FROM
UTRAN message, the T309 timer is started; when the UE in
the new cell successfully receives the response to the
connection setup request, the T309 timer is stopped. If the
T309 timer expires, the UE returns to the original UTRAN.
Range and Step 18s
Default Value 8s
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->UE
Timers and Constants Infomation ->Waiting Time After
Requesting Connection Establishment in Other System(eg.
GSM) (T309)(s)
Waiting Time for Receiving In Sync from L1
In Connected Mode
Parameter Name T312Connected
Description The timer is started when the UE starts to establish the
dedicated channel. When the UE finds the number of
synchronization indications received from layer 1 is equal to
N312, T312 is stopped. If the T312 timer expires, the physical
channel setup fails.
Range and Step 1 15 s
Default Value 1s
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->UE
Timers and Constants Infomation ->Waiting Time for
Receiving In Sync from L1 In Connected Mode(T312 in
Connected Mode)(s)
Maximum Number of "In Sync" Received from
L1 in Connected Mode
Parameter Name N312Connected
Description The smaller the parameter, it is easier to judge whether the
synchronization finishes, but the chance of fake
synchronization also increases; the larger the parameter, the
higher the reliability, but it is more time consuming.
Range and Step 1 2 4 10
20 50 100 200 400 600 800 1000
Default Value 1
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->UE
Timers and Constants Infomation ->Maximum Number of "In
Sync" Received from L1 in Connected Mode (N312 in
Connected Mode)
Waiting Time After DPCCH Established in
CELL_DCH State Losing Sychronization
Parameter Name T313
Description When the number of synchronization loss indications received
by the UE in the DCH state from layer 1 reaches the value of
N313, the UE starts T313. When the UE receives
synchronization indications from layer 1 for N315 times, it
stops the T313 timer. When the T313 timer expires, the radio
links involved in the lost synchronization fail.

Range and Step 0 15 s


Default Value 3s
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->UE
Timers and Constants Infomation ->Waiting Time After
DPCCH Established in CELL_DCH State Losing
Sychronization (T313)(s)
Maximum Number of Successive "Out of
Sync" Received from L1
Parameter Name N313
Description The smaller the parameter, it is easier to judge whether the
synchronization finishes, but the chance of fake
synchronization also increases; the larger the parameter, the
higher the reliability, but it is more time consuming.
Range and Step 1 2 4 10 20 50 100 200
Default Value 50
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage
->INFORMATION ON THE CONSTANTS OF THE UE
COUNTER AND TIMER ->Maximum Number of Successive
"Out of Sync" Received from L1(N313)
Maximum Number of Successive "In Sync"
Received from L1 During T313 is Activated
Parameter Name N315
Description The smaller the parameter, it is easier to judge whether the
synchronization finishes, but the chance of fake
synchronization also increases; the larger the parameter, the
higher the reliability, but it is more time consuming.
Range and Step 1 2 4 10 20 50 100 200 400
600 800 1000
Default Value 1
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->UE
Timers and Constants Infomation ->Maximum Number of
Successive "In Sync" Received from L1 During T313 is
Activated ( N315)
Waiting Time for Completion of Cell Update When Radio
Link Fails and Radio Bearer(s) Associated with T314 Exist
Parameter Name T314
Description When the criteria for radio link failure are fulfilled, T314 is
started if radio bearer(s) that are associated with T314 exist or
if only RRC connection exists only to the CS domain. When
the Cell Update procedure has been completed, T314 is
stopped.
Range and Step 0 2 4 6 8 12 16 20 s
Default Value 4s
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->UE
Timers and Constants Infomation ->Waiting Time for
Completion of Cell Upate When Radio Link Fails and Radio
Bearer(s) Associated with T314 Exist (T314)(s)
Waiting Time for Completion of Cell Update When Radio
Link Fails and Radio Bearer(s) Associated with T315 Exist
Parameter Name T315
Description When the RB is set up, the system uses T314 or T315 for the
RB. When the radio link fails and the current RB uses T315,
the system starts T315. When the cell updating process
finishes, the system stops T315.
Range and Step 0 10 30 60 180 600 1200 1800 s
Default Value 30s
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->UE
Timers and Constants Infomation ->Waiting Time for
Completion of Cell Upate When Radio Link Fails and Radio
Bearer(s) Associated with T315 Exist (T315)(s)
Waiting Time for Cell Selection/Reselection After UE
is out of Service in CELL_PCH/URA_PCH State
Parameter Name T316
Description When the UE in the PCH state leaves the serving cell, the
system starts the T316 timer; when the UE detects the serving
cell, the system stops the T316 timer. When the T316 timer
expires, if the UE is in the serving cell, it initiates the cell
updating; if the T316 timer is not in the serving cell, it starts
the T317 timer and switches to the FACH state. When the UE
detects the serving cell, it starts the cell updating.

Range and Step 0 10 20 30 40 50 Infinity s


Default Value 0s
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->UE
Timers and Constants Infomation -> Waiting Time for Cell
Selection/Reselection After UE is out of Service in
CELL_PCH/URA_PCH State(T316)(s)
Waiting Time for Cell Selection/Reselection
After UE is out of Service in CELL_FACH State
Parameter Name T317
Description When the T316 timer expires, the system starts the T317
timer; when the UE in the FACH leaves the serving cell, the
system starts the T317 timer. When the UE detects the
serving cell, it stops the T317 timer.
Range and Step 0 10 30 60 180 600 1200 1800 s
Default Value 0s
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->UE
Timers and Constants Infomation ->Waiting Time for Cell
Selection/Reselection After UE is out of Service in
CELL_FACH State(T317)(s)
Mobile Country Code
Parameter Name MCC
Description The parameter specifies the mobile country code.
Range and Step 0 999
Default Value 460
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management->CN NAS Configuration Information
->Mobile Country Code
Mobile Network Code
Parameter Name MNC
Description The parameter specifies the mobile network code.
Range and Step 0 999
Default Value
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management->CN NAS Configuration Infomation-
>Mobile Network Code
CN Domain Supported
Parameter Name CnDomain
Description The parameter specifies the supported CN domains.
Range and Step 0: CS Domain
1: PS Domain
2: CS+PS
Default Value 2: CS+PS
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management->CN NAS Configuration Infomation
->CN Domain Supported
Timer for Periodic Location Update
Parameter Name T3212Cs
Description The parameter specifies the interval at which the location
information is reported. The smaller the parameter, it is easier
to judge the real location.
Range and Step 0 25.5 hours Step0.1hour
Default Value 1 hour
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->CN
System Infomation ->Timer for Periodic Location
Update(T3212)(hour)
URA Number
Parameter Name URANum
Description The parameter specifies the number of URAs for the current
cell. The system supports up to 4 URAs.
Range and Step 14
Default Value N/A
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management->UtranCell->UtranCell Global
Information ->URA Number
URA Identity
Parameter Name URA 4
Description The parameter specifies the No. of the URA to which the
current area belongs.
Range and Step 0 65535
Default Value N/A
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management->UtranCell->UtranCell Global
Information ->URA Identity
Cell Identity
Parameter Name CId
Description The parameter specifies the ID of a cell and is used to
distinguish different cells.
Range and Step 0 65534
Default Value N/A
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management->UtranCell->UtranCell Global
Information ->Cell Identity
Content

UMTS System Information Broadcasting


UMTS Paging
UMTS Random Access
UMTS RRC Connection Setup and Release
Access Failed Case
Paging Flow
PAGING TYPE 1
When the UE is in the Idle, or URA_PCH state,
the RNC receives the paging message from the
CN and then sends the paging message of
PAGING TYPE 1 over the PCH channel to the UE.
To improve the chance of receiving the paging
message by the UE, the RNC repeatedly sends
the paging message of PAGING TYPE 1 to the
UE.
Page Indicator
The PCH channel has a corresponding PICH physical
channel. The page indicator (PI) is transmitted over the
PICH channel, with each PI corresponding to a group of
UEs. The following lists the formula for calculating the PI:
PI = DRX Index mod Np
Where:
DRX Index = IMSI div 8192
Np = the number of PIs included in a PICH frame.
Page Indicator
The UE judges whether the network is paging itself by
monitoring its own PI. Each PICH frame can contain the PI
of multiple UEs. The more the parameter Np, the larger the
transmit power of the PICH will be.
Number of PIs Number of repeated Transmit power of the PICH in
in each frame bits in the PICH comparison with that of the CPICH
18 16 -7
36 8 -7
72 4 -5
144 2 -2
12 bits (transmission
288 bits for paging indication off)

b0 b1 b287 b288 b299

One radio frame (10 ms)


Paging Occasion
For saving power, the UE in the Idle or PCH state
monitors the PICH channel in the Discontinuous
Reception (DRX) mode. In the DRX mode, the UE
monitors the PI once every DRX period. That is,
each UE has its own paging occasion (PO). The
UE monitors each PICH frame in the
corresponding SFN and finds its own PI in the
frame according to the calculated PI. Therefore,
the RNC fills in the PI in the message transmitted
over the PICH channel according to the paging
occasion of the UE. DRX period = 2k frames
Paging Occasion
Paging Occasion = {(IMSI div N) mod (DRX cycle length
div PBP)} * PBP + n * DRX cycle length + Frame Offset
Where:
N = number of SCCPCH channels carried over the PCH in a cell
DRX cycle length = 2k frame
PBP = 1
n = SFN
DRX Cycle
0 2K-1 4095

PO

PI PI PI PI PI PI
0 1 i-1 i i+1 Np-1
DRX cycle length coefficient
When the UE is in the Idle mode, the RNC calculates K in
the DRX period according to Kcs, Kps, and DRX Cycle
Length Coefficient in the paging message from the CN.
For paging messages from the CS domain, K = Min(Kcs,Kps)
For paging messages from the PS domain, if the CN adds DRX
Cycle Length Coefficient to the paging message, K = Min (Kcs,
Kps, DRX Cycle Length Coefficient).If the CN does not add DRX
Cycle Length Coefficient to the paging message, K = Min(Kcs,Kps).
DRX cycle length coefficient
When the UE is in the PCH state, the RNC calculates K in
the DRX period according to Kcs, Kps, KUtran, and DRX
Cycle Length Coefficient in the paging message from the
CN.
For paging messages from the CS domain, K = Min(Kcs,KUtran)
For paging messages from the PS domain, if the CN adds DRX
Cycle Length Coefficient to the paging message, K = Min (Kps,
KUtran, DRX Cycle Length Coefficient). If the CN does not add
DRX Cycle Length Coefficient to the paging message, K =
Min(Kps,KUtran).
Called Signaling Flow
System Information
RRC Connection Setup

NAS Connection

RRC Connection Release


PAGING TYPE 2
When the UE is in the DCH or FACH state, the
UTRAN initiates the paging process and sends a
paging message of PAGING TYPE 2 over the
DCCH channel. The UTRAN configures paging
cause in the message. After the UE in the DCH or
FACH state receives the message of PAGING
TYPE 2, it starts the paging reception process and
reports paging cause and paging record type
identifier to the upper layer.
Paging Area
CN
UMTS
URA_PCH
Cell Registration
Area
Cell_DCH
Cell_FACH Idle mode

Routing Location
Area Area

Different paging area for UE in different RRC state


UTRAN DRX Cycle Length Coefficient
Parameter Name KUtran
Description This parameter is used for the discontinuous reception of UE
in the connection mode. This parameter is used to calculate
the paging occasion, that is, a constant required in monitoring
the PICH cycle. The discontinuous reception cycle is 2k
frames.
Range and Step 39
Default Value 6
View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage
->RNC Radio Resource Management ->UTRAN DRX Cycle
Length Coefficient
Sending Times of Paging Message
Parameter Name PagingSendTimes
Description The system has not obtained the information on the number of
retransmitted paging message when receiving no response. If
the value of this parameter increases, the possibility of paging
success will increase. With the increase of the Uu interface
messages, the Uu interface becomes more time consuming.
Range and Step 16
Default Value 3
View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Resource Management->UtranCell->Advanced Parameter
Manage ->UtranCell ->Sending Times of Paging Message
CS Domain DRX Cycle Length Coefficient
Parameter Name Kcs
Description The parameter allows a UE in the Idle or PCH state to
calculate the paging occasion so that it can monitor the PICH
channel at the time specified by the parameter.
Range and Step 69
Default Value 6
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->
CN System Infomation ->CS Domain DRX Cycle Length
Coefficient
PS Domain DRX Cycle Length Coefficient
Parameter Name Kps
Description The parameter allows a UE in the Idle or PCH state to
calculate the paging occasion so that it can monitor the PICH
channel at the time specified by the parameter.
Range and Step 69
Default Value 6
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->
CN System Infomation ->PS Domain DRX Cycle Length
Coefficient
Number of Paging Indicators per PICH Frame
Parameter Name Np
Description The larger the parameter, the higher the paging success rate,
but the larger the transmit power of the PICH channel.
Range and Step 18 36 72 144
Default Value 18
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management->UtranCell->Advanced Parameter
Manage ->PICH ->Number of Paging Indicators per PICH
Frame
PICH Power
Parameter Name PichPwr
Description This parameter indicates the PICH transmission power, which
is an offset relative to the Primary CPICH power.
Range and Step -10 5 dB step 1dB
Default Value -7dB
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage ->
Power Control not Related to Service -> PICH Power
Content

UMTS System Information Broadcasting


UMTS Paging
UMTS Random Access
UMTS RRC Connection Setup and Release
Access Failed Case
PRACH Structure

Preamble Preamble Preamble Message part

4096 chips
10 ms (one radio frame)

Preamble Preamble Preamble Message part

4096 chips 20 ms (two radio frames)


Preamble Part
The preamble part of PRACH is 4096 chips long.
It is obtained by repeating the 16-chip signature
for 256 times and then processed with RPACH
preamble scrambling.
Message Part
Data
Data Ndata bits

Pilot TFCI
Control Npilot bits NTFCI bits

Tslot = 2560 chips, 10*2k bits (k=0..3)

Slot #0 Slot #1 Slot #i Slot #14

Message part radio frame T RACH = 10 ms


k=0, 1, 2 and 3 corresponds respectively to the spectrum spreading
factors adopted by the message part: SF=256, 128, 64 and 32.
Channelized code of PRACH message part
The spectrum spreading code used by the control part of PRACH is c c =
Cch,256,m. where m = 16s + 15.
The spectrum spreading code used by the data part of PRACH is c d
=Cch,SF,m. where SF=256, 128, 64, 32 are the spectrum spreading factor
of the data part, m = SFs/16.
s(0 s 15) is the serial number of the signature used by the PRACH
preamble part among all 16 PRACH preamble signatures.
Number of bits carried in PRACH message vs spectrum spreading
factor:
Slot Channel Bit Channel Symbol SF Bits/ Bits/ Ndata
Format #i Rate (kbps) Rate (ksps) Frame Slot
0 15 15 256 150 10 10
1 30 30 128 300 20 20
2 60 60 64 600 40 40
3 120 120 32 1200 80 80
Random Access Process of Physical Layer
Select an available access slot
Select a signature
Set the preamble retransmission counter
The UE calculates the initial transmit power of preamble
If the UE fails to receive, in the DL access slot corresponding to the
slot that sends the UL access preamble, the positive or negative
response (AI = +1 nor 1) corresponding to the selected signature on
AICH, Increase the transmit power of random access preamble by one
PRStep.
If the UE receives, in the DL access slot corresponding to the slot that
sends the UL access preamble, the positive response corresponding
to the selected signature on AICH, then the UE sends the message
part of random access.
RACH access slot set
PRACH has totally 15 slots of 20ms and the slots belongs to two
access slot sets.
Access slot set 1 includes: slot 0~7 starting from p-a chips before the
DL P-CCPCH frame of SFN mod 2=0.
Access slot set 2 includes: slot 8~14 starting from p-a2560 chips
before the DL P-CCPCH frame of SFN mod 2=1.
AICH access
slots SFN mod 2 = 0 SFN mod 2 = 1

p-a #0 #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 #6 #7 #8 #9 #10 #11 #12 #13 #14

#0 #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 #6 #7 #8 #9 #10 #11 #12 #13 #14

PRACH
access slots Access slot set 1 Access slot set 2

10 ms 10 ms
RACH Sub-channel
RACH sub-channel defines a subset of all UL access slots.
Mapping relation between available UL access slot and
RACH sub-channel:
Sub-channel number
SFN modulo 8 of
corresponding
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
P-CCPCH frame
0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
1 12 13 14 8 9 10 11
2 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
3 9 10 11 12 13 14 8
4 6 7 0 1 2 3 4 5
5 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
6 3 4 5 6 7 0 1 2
7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
PRACH/AICH timing relation
The AICH frame is 20ms long and divided into 15 slots,
each slot with 5120 chips.
One access slot
Acq.
Ind.
AICH access
slots RX at UE

p-a
Pre- Pre-
amble amble Message part
PRACH access
slots TX at UE

p-p p-m
PRACH Preamble Scrambling Code
Parameter Name PreamScraCode
Description This parameter indicates the preamble scrambling number
that this PRACH can use. The scrambling code that can be
used for PRACH in each cell relates to the DL primary
scrambling code of the cell. In addition, there are at most
sixteen preamble scrambling codes available. This parameter
can be used to distinguish the PRACHs.

Range and Step 0 15


Default Value 0
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management->External UTRAN Cell-> External
UTRAN Cell XXX-> Advanced Parameter Manager->PRACH-
> PRACH Preamble Scrambling Code
Available Signature
Parameter Name Signature
Description This parameter indicates all effective signatures when the
PRACH is used. 16 bit represents 16 signatures; the bit which
equals 1 means the corresponding signature is valid. Each
signature corresponds one by one to the channelization code
number of PRACH whose SF is 16.
Range and Step Bit0: sig0
..
Bit15: sig15,
Bit=1 means the corresponding signature is valid.
Default Value Each bit is 1
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management->External UTRAN Cell-> External
UTRAN Cell XXX-> Advanced Parameter Manager->PRACH-
> Available Signature
PRACH Available SF
Parameter Name AvailableSF
Description This parameter indicates the minimum effective spreading
factor that this PRACH can use (limiting the maximum rate
that the PRACH can transmit). The greater the minimum
effective spreading factor is, the lower the maximum rate
becomes at which the PRACH can transmit.
Range and Step 32 64 128 256
Default Value 64
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management-> UTRAN Cell-> Advanced Parameter
Manager->PRACH-> PRACH Available SF
PRACH Preamble Power Ramp Step
Parameter Name PRStep
Description This parameter indicates the power ramp step used by the UE
when it does not receive any responses from AICH after
sending a preamble. This parameter is used to be added to
the previous power, and then the next preamble is sent at this
new power.
Range and Step 1 8 dB step 1dB
Default Value 1dB
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management-> UTRAN Cell-> Advanced Parameter
Manager->PRACH-> PRACH Preamble Power Ramp
Step(dB)
Maximum Number of Preamble Being
Transmitted
Parameter Name MaxPreamRetrans
Description This parameter indicates the maximum number that the
access preamble can be sent before L1 receives ACK or
NACK.
Range and Step 1 64
Default Value 40
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management-> UTRAN Cell-> Advanced Parameter
Manager->PRACH-> Maximum Number of Preamble Being
Transmitted
Power Offset between PRACH Control Part
and PRACH Data Part
Parameter Name POPpm
Description This parameter indicates the power offset between control part
of the PRACH message part and the last preamble. It should
be configured for each TFC.
Range and Step -5,10 dB step 1dB
Default Value 2
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management-> Advanced Parameter Manager-
>Transmission Format Composition Set of PRACH-> Power
Offset between PRACH Control Part and PRACH Data
Part(dB)
PRACH Available SubChannel Number
Parameter Name AvailSubChanNum
Description This parameter indicates the available effective sub-channel
number of this PRACH. The sub-channel number actually
defines the available time slot for the PRACH. The bit
indicates whether this sub-channel number is valid or not.
Each sub-channel number can correspond to several access
slots. For several PRACHs in the same cell, their sub-channel
numbers must be different from each other.

Range and Step bit0: subch0


..
bit11: subch11
Bit=1 means the corresponding sub channel is valid.
Default Value Each bit is 1
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management-> UTRAN Cell-> UTRAN Cell XXX->
Advanced Parameter Manager->PRACH-> PRACH Available
SubChannel Number
Maximum Allowed UL TX Power of RACH
Parameter Name MaxRACHTxPwr
Description This parameter indicates the maximum allowed UL
transmission power of RACH. If the parameter value is
increased, the maximum allowed UL transmission power of
RACH increases. If the parameter value is decreased, the
maximum allowed UL transmission power of RACH
decreases.

Range and Step -50 33 dBm


Default Value 24dBm
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management-> UTRAN Cell-> UTRAN Cell XXX->
Advanced Parameter Manager->PRACH-> Maximum Allowed
UL TX Power of RACH(dBm)
Maximum Number of Preamble Ramping
Cycles
Parameter Name Mmax
Description This parameter indicates the maximum times for re-sending
attempts on MAC layer. When the physical layer returns NACK
(unacknowledged) or NO ACK (Node B does not response),
adds the attempt times, M, by 1. When M is over Mmax, the
MAC layer stops the access process. When the parameter
value is increased, the MAC layer makes more sending
attempts. When the parameter value is decreased, the MAC
layer makes less sending attempts.

Range and Step 1 32


Default Value 6
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management-> UTRAN Cell-> UTRAN Cell XXX->
Advanced Parameter Manager->PRACH-> Maximum Number
of Preamble Ramping Cycles
Detected Preamble Threshold
Parameter Name PreamThs
Description This parameter indicates the preamble judgment threshold
when Node B detects preambles. To make the access
preamble of the PPRACH transmission be detected by Node
B, the proportion of the received preamble power in the
preamble cycle and the interference level should be larger
than this parameter.

Range and Step -36.0 0.0 dB step 0.5dB


Default Value -24dB
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management-> UTRAN Cell-> UTRAN Cell XXX->
Advanced Parameter Manager->PRACH-> Detected
Preamble Threshold(dB)
Content

UMTS System Information Broadcasting


UMTS Paging
UMTS Random Access
UMTS RRC Connection Setup and Release
Access Failed Case
RRC Connection Setup
A dedicated channel
A common channel

UE UTRAN

RRC CONNECTION REQUEST

RRC CONNECTION SETUP

RRC CONNECTION SETUP COMPLETE


The signaling flow in signal trace tool
RRC Connection Setup
RRC Connection Setup Request
RNC
Establishing a RRC Connection over a
Dedicated Transport channel
When receiving the RRC CONNECTION REQUEST
message from a UE, the RNC specifies the channel over
which the RRC connection is to be established according
to the parameter InitRrcOnDch.
If the parameter InitRrcOnDch is set to 0 (Forced to DCH and
Using Normal Speed Signaling) or 1 (Forced to DCH and Using
13.6Kbps signaling), or 5(Forced to DCH and using 27.2Kbps), the
RNC establishes the RRC connection over the DCH channel.
If the parameter InitRrcOnDch is set to 3 (Not Forced, Using
3.4Kbps Signaling on Cell-DCH State) or 4 (Not Forced, Using
13.6kbps Signaling on Cell-DCH State), or 6(Not Forced, Using
27.2Kbps Signaling on Cell-DCH State), the RNC selects to
establish the RRC connection over the DCH according to the
establishment cause in the RRC CONNECTION REQUEST
message.
Establishing a RRC Connection over a
Common Transport channel
When receiving the RRC CONNECTION REQUEST
message from a UE, the RNC specifies the channel over
which the RRC connection is to be established according
to the parameter InitRrcOnDch.
If the parameter InitRrcOnDch is set to 2 (Forced to FACH), the
RNC establishes the RRC connection over the FACH channel.
If the parameter InitRrcOnDch is set to 3 , 4, or 6, the RNC
establishes the RRC connection according to the establishment
cause. If there is only a signaling process, instead of setting up
services(for example, the value of establishment cause is
registration ), RNC will select common channel to bear signaling.
Wireless Link Setup Failure
If the radio link setup fails, the RNC sends the
RRC CONNECTION REJECT message to the UE
and fills in Wait Time in the message. The
parameter Wait Time specifies the duration (from
the reception of the RRC CONNECTION REJECT
message to the time of sending access request)
during which the UE has to wait.
Failure to Receive RRC Connection Setup
Response From UE
If RNC havnt received RRC CONNECTION
SETUP COMPLETE for waiting 5 seconds from
the first transmitting of RRC CONNECTION
SETUP, the RRC connection setup fails. The UE is
still in idle mode.
Releasing the RRC Connection
The connection carrying services data or NAS signaling is released
normally.
The Node B detects radio link failure.
The RNC monitors the RLC connection failure.
The UE in the DCH or FACH state sends CELL UPDATE message.
The value of AM_RLC error indication is true.
The UE in the FACH state sends the CELL UPDATE message to the
RNC. The cause is Radio link failure or RLC unrecoverable error.

UE(DCH) RNC UE(FACH) RNC


RRC Connection Release RRC Connection Release
(SRB1) (SRB2/CCCH)
RRC Connection Release
Complete
RRC Connection Release
Complete (CCCH)
RRC connection release flow
Maximum Number of Retransmissions of the
RRC CONNECTION RELEASE Message
Parameter Name NReTran
Description The parameter specifies the number of the RRC
CONNECTION RELEASE messages retransmitted by the
RNC after the UE does not return the RRC CONNECTION
RELEASE COMPLETE message. If the value of this
parameter decreases, the possibility of process failed will
increase.

Range and Step 1 10


Default Value 3
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage
->RNC Radio Resource Management ->Maximum Number of
Retransmissions of the RRC CONNECTION RELEASE
Message
Wait Time for RRC Connection
Reestablishment
Parameter Name Twait
Description The smaller the parameter, it is easier to trigger access
request flow, the larger the chance of second failure.
Range and Step 0 15 s
Default Value 5s
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management->Advanced Parameter Manage
->RNC Radio Resource Management ->Wait Time for RRC
Connection Reestablishment(s)
Number of FDD UMTS Frequency Range
Parameter Name FDDFreqRngNum
Description This parameter indicates the number of UTRAN FDD
frequency range controlled by the local PLMN. When UE
comes back to idle mode from RRC connected mode, UE
selects one cell to reside. UTRAN contains this parameter in
the message of RRC CONNECTION RELEASE, indicating the
possible frequency range in UTRAN cells. This parameter
helps UE to speed up the process of cell searching.

Range and Step 0 32


Default Value 2
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management->RPLMN Range Information ->
Number of FDD UMTS Frequency Range
Number of GSM BA Range
Parameter Name GsmBARangeNum
Description This parameter indicates the number of GSM BCCH
distribution tables. When UTRAN network and BSS network
belong to the same PLMN at the same time and UE has
transferred from RRC connected mode to Idle mode, UE will
selects one cell to reside. UTRAN contains this parameter in
the message of RRC CONNECTION RELEASE, indicating the
possible BCCH frequency range of neighboring GSM cells of
the BSS network. This parameter helps UE to speed up the
process of cell searching.

Range and Step 0 32


Default Value 3
Configuration View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Path Resource Management->RPLMN Range Information ->
Number of GSM BA Range
GSM Lower Range
Parameter Name GsmLRange 32
Description This parameter indicates the frequency lower range of a
specific GSM BCCH distribution table that the local PLMN
controls. When UTRAN network and BSS network belong to
the same PLMN at the same time and UE has transferred
from RRC connected mode to Idle mode, UE will selects one
cell to reside. UTRAN contains this parameter in the message
of RRC CONNECTION RELEASE, indicating the possible
BCCH frequency range of neighboring GSM cells of the BSS
network. This parameter helps UE to speed up the process of
cell searching.

Range and Step [0 1023]


Default Value N/A
View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Resource Management->RPLMN Range Information ->GSM
Lower Range
GSM Upper Range
Parameter Name GsmURange 32
Description This parameter indicates the frequency upper range of a
specific GSM BCCH distribution table that the local PLMN
controls. When UTRAN network and BSS network belong to
the same PLMN at the same time and UE has transferred
from RRC connected mode to Idle mode, UE will selects one
cell to reside. UTRAN contains this parameter in the message
of RRC CONNECTION RELEASE, indicating the possible
BCCH frequency range of neighboring GSM cells of the BSS
network. This parameter helps UE to speed up the process of
cell searching.

Range and Step [0 1023]


Default Value N/A
View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Resource Management->RPLMN Range Information ->GSM
Upper Range
UARFCN (Nlow)
Parameter Name Luarfcn 8
Description This parameter indicates the frequency lower range of a
specific UTRAN FDD frequency that the local PLMN controls.
When UE state is transferred from RRC connected mode to
idle mode, UE selects one cell to reside. UTRAN contains this
parameter in the message of RRC CONNECTION RELEASE,
indicating the possible transmission frequency range of the
UTRAN cells. This parameter helps UE to speed up the
process of cell searching.

Range and Step Band I: [10562, 10838]


Band II: [9662, 9938]
Default Value N/A
View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Resource Management->RPLMN Range Information
->UARFCN (Nlow)
UARFCN(Nupper)
Parameter Name Uuarfcn 8
Description This parameter indicates the frequency upper range of a
specific UTRAN FDD that the local PLMN controls. When UE
state is transferred from RRC connected mode to idle mode,
UE selects one cell to reside. UTRAN contains this parameter
in the message of RRC CONNECTION RELEASE, indicating
the possible transmission frequency range of the UTRAN
cells. This parameter helps UE to speed up the process of cell
searching.

Range and Step Band I: [10562, 10838]


Band II: [9662, 9938]
Default Value N/A
View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Resource Management->RPLMN Range Information
->UARFCN(Nupper)
Type of Transport Channel for Initial RRC
Connection Setup
Parameter Name InitRrcOnDch
Description This parameter indicates the type of transport channel and
signaling rate for initial RRC connection setup.
Range and Step 0:forcedly establish the RRC connection over the DCH
channel and use the common signaling
1: Forcedly establish the RRC connection over the DCH
channel and use the high speed signaling
2: Forcedly establish the RRC connection over the FACH
channel and use the high speed signaling
3:Establish the RRC connection over the DCH channel in a
non-forced manner and use the common signaling
4: Establish the RRC connection over the DCH channel in a
non-forced manner and use the high speed signaling.

Default Value 1
View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio
Resource Management->Basic Infomation ->Type of Transport
Channel for Initial RRC Connection Setup
Content

UMTS System Information Broadcasting


UMTS Paging
UMTS Random Access
UMTS RRC Connection Setup and Release
Access Failed Case
Description
Customer complained that it was difficult to access
the network in office, and it was too long to wait.
Analysis
The drive test shows that the
receiving level of UE is normal.
Besides, there is no alarm
related to hardware.
The Performance Management
System(PMS) software of NodeB
shows the statistics of
accessing. A large amount of
rejection of access is found,
which occupied the
demodulation resource, causing
the long time to wait for a call
connection.
Analysis
Preamble_Initial_Power = Primary CPICH DL TX
power CPICH_RSCP + UL interference +
Constant Value
Primary CPICH DL TX power CPICH_RSCP is the
Pathloss of downlink.
UE UTRAN

CPICH

Preamble ..Preamble
AICH

Message of
PRACH
Analysis
Use the signaling trace tools of OMCR, RNC didnt
receive the RRC Connection Request message.
Use the BMC TRACE, find Rach CRC Error.So,
we make a conclusion that the Preamble
Threshold is too big which result in the message
transmit power is very low, and NodeB cannot
receive the message.
Solution
Solution
Change the Preamble Threshold:-24dB-21dB
Constant Value:-21dB-18dB
Result
Test again, make a call 120 times, all the calls are
successful.
Access Failed Case

-21dB
-21

-18dB