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SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE

Nonlinear analysis of earthquake-induced


vibrations

Master Of Science Final Project

Vlad Incule
Academic advisor: Lars V. Andersen, Associate Professor, PhD

March 2, 2016
Introduction to Earthquake Engineering

Earthquake - geological phenomenon produced


by sudden release of energy
that generates seismic waves

Described by - accelerograms on Seismic data - readings performed


three directions in Seismic Stations
Objective: study the behavior of structures
under seismic loads

Static analysis

Methods used 1. Rectangular cross-section steel beam


2. Reinforced concrete beam
Analytical methods

Matlab 2D FEA Dynamic analysis

Abaqus 3D FEA 3. Rectangular cross-section steel


column
4. Multi-storey framed steel structure
encoded in 5. Multi-storey framed reinforced
Matlab for concrete structure
general cases
3 4 5

1 2
Rectangular cross-section steel beam
Analytically

Bernoulli-Euler

Timoshenko

Navier formula

vmax=15.183 mm
max=337.5 MPa
Rectangular cross-section steel beam
Matlab 2D FEA, Input encoded for L, n_nodes and q
Rectangular cross-section steel beam
Abaqus 3D FEA
Rectangular cross-section steel beam
Abaqus 3D FEA
Rectangular cross-section steel beam
Results
Reinforced concrete beam
Analytically, Approach 1
Reinforced concrete beam
Analytically, Approach 2

a2=33mm
xpl=17.3mm
Reinforced concrete beam
Analytically: centroid, equivalent EI, displacement
Reinforced concrete beam
Analytically, results
Reinforced concrete beam
Analytically: Matlab general case code and Smartphone app

to come
Defining concrete in Abaqus

Concrete damage plasticity with default Abaqus coefficients


Reinforced concrete beam
Abaqus 3D FEA, preprocessing
Reinforced concrete beam
Abaqus 3D FEA: postprocessing (displacement field and compressive
behavior)
Reinforced concrete beam
Abaqus 3D FEA: postprocessing (displacement results and tensile
behavior)
MRd,solid=11.25*10^7 kNm MRd,wire=12.375*10^7 kNm Analytically

MRd,analytically=7.01*10^7 kNm
Rectangular cross-section steel column
Matlab 2D FEA: eigen modes, equation of motion
Rectangular cross-section steel column
Matlab 2D FEA: modal analysis, displacement field
Rectangular cross-section steel column
Abaqus 3D FEA (eigenmodes and accelerograms implementation)
Rectangular cross-section steel column
Abaqus 3D FEA, postprocessing (Normal Stresses and global displacements)

Abaqus Matlab
Multi-storey framed steel structure
Abaqus 3D FEA: Geometry, Mesh, Eigenmodes, Normal Stresses
Multi-storey framed steel structure
Abaqus 3D FEA: Drifts
and Strains
Multi-storey framed reinforced
concrete structure
Abaqus 3D FEA, preprocessing

Lcolumn=Lbeam=2800mm
Cross-section 300x300mm
Each element reinforced with 414 (modeled as wire)
Concrete cover: 37mm to rebar center (30mm to rebar
edge)
Multi-storey framed reinforced
concrete structure
Abaqus 3D FEA, postprocessing (Vrancea Earthquake) (Stresses,
Strains, Drifts, Failure Mechanism)
Multi-storey framed reinforced
concrete structure
Abaqus 3D FEA, engineering by youtube videos

Expand your professional network

Become a better lecturer

Find out new ideas and concepts

Have fun, never a robot

https://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=CCzUvgJB51A
Conclusions

Steel elements, results obtained analytically are


identical as obtained in Finite Element

Moment capacity, computed analytically the same in


both of the approaches, good tool to use in the future

The way of defining the material behavior of concrete


and the way of modelling the rebars play a critical
role in the time efficiency of the analysis

High performance computer critical asset for


advanced structural engineering

More youtube videos, this way you can easily remind


yourself when you forget how to do something
THE END