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Surface Mining
Introduction to Vulcan
Folder

Design
File

Layer

Object

Point

Hierarchical tree
structure of Vulcan
Folder (Level 1): the VULCAN workspace, which is a directory on the file system
of the computer. This folder contains typically files used in a project. The types of
files or specifications are automatically organized into sub-folders virtual by
VULCAN
Design File (Level 2) is the database file by VULCAN definition. This file contains
design data or CAD created during the project.
Layers (Level 3): They are the largest grouping in the classification design. In
VULCAN should always define a default layer to work on it. This layer is called
current (Current layer). A design file can contain one or more layers.
Object (Level 4): These are compressed sequential data entities. For example: a
line (a sequential set of connected points), a polygon (a closed line), or a group of
disconnected points. A layer could contain one or more objects.
Point (Level 5): The smallest unit of compressed data coordinates of x, y, z. An
Objects could contain one or more points.

Hierarchical structure
Launcher window

3D modeler
Database manager
Plotter (ya rly)
Vulcan hub
List of recent
work areas

In general, use 1 workspace per project


To use Vulcan, create a work area using Browse
I recommend saving in USB key.
Open Envisage once the work area is defined
By default, this window will open every time Envisage runs.
There is an option to load a Vulcan project by default.
Start file name: Name of project
Prefix: written before design files for internal organization
Environment prefix: just use something different from
project prefix (by convention)
Enter coordinates of project. This affects mostly default
zoom and view.
In general, use larger than needed.
This creates the first design file (.dgd)
Hints for file management:
Have 1 design file per purpose. Ex: survey, short-term
planning, geology, drill-blast patterns, etc.
If many people are using Vulcan, personal .dgd could be
useful.
Try to avoid redundancy as much as possible. Have a single
layer in a single place.
Analyze toolbar

Layer selection Manual Z, Visibility


W and
grade View options
New layer

Basic creation
tools
Windows
explorer

Snap, grid, point


input Visibility
Right click: Cancel (most situations); Close polygon
A: Cycles between the standard and alternate color sets.
Backspace: Undo when creating points, lines
Ctrl+click: Rotation (left click) or pan (mid click)
D: Takes a screenshot. Saved in project folder.
E: display extent of objects.
G: toggle grid
HOME: resets view to default
N: Cycle between snap modes
Shift+R: Define rotation center
S: toggle section view
Shift+Click: when digitizing a point: creates point at same
elevation as previous point

All these shortcuts can be activated with menu functions.


Useful
options to
change
Try using the polygon, point and line tool
Try rotating and panning
Try changing the center of rotation
Try the shift+click to get same elevation
Try changing Z and grade
Try different snap modes (hint: smart snap is the best)

Free time
Key In Point Data
Bearing Input
Create Line At Given Angle

Digitize tools
Keyboard Input can be used in two different ways:
Get points coordinates
Create points with specific coordinates
To have a specific field relative to another, enter r+ (ex:
r+100)

Key In Point Data


Point E N Z
1 850 1450 500

Use Key In Point Data to 2


3
1000
2000
1550
1550
500
500

create the shape shown in 4


5
2200
2200
1450
1300
500
500
figure 6
7
2000
1900
1200
1200
500
500

Assignment 2.a
8 1800 1300 500
9 ##### 1300 500
10 1050 1250 500
11 1000 1200 500
12 850 1200 500
13 750 1300 500
Use Bearing Input to create new points at specified angles and
distance from the last designed point when digitizing mode
(point, line, polygon). You can create a new point using:
Distance and angle: use to create a point at a given angle
and to a specified distance.
Angle: use to create a point at a given angle.
Distance: use to ceate a point at a specified distance and
direction.

Bearing Input
Use Bearing Input and Keyboard Input dialog boxes to create
A ALL
the red shape in figure
From point 1 to point A: B SAME

Bearing: 0 C ELEV.
Inclination: -45 D
Distance: 424.264
E

Assignment 2.b F

G
2000

1850
1300

1350

H 1200 1350

I 1000 1300
Mostly useful to give parallel-perpendicular lines.
Parallel lines can be made at specific distance (offset)
Side at which it creates line depends on point order of
reference line

Create Line at Given Angle


Use your 1337 skillz to make this figure.

Assignment 2.c
Free move (in plane with view)
Can do some really weird stuff
if the view is not plan
Controlled move
Can copy
Can use coordinates, bearing
and angle parameters

Moving and copying


Point E N Z
1 850 1450 500
1.2 850 1550 400
1.3 850 1650 300

Copy the first figure to the selected locations

Assignment 2.d.
Introduction to Vulcan Version 8, 2009 MAPTEK
VULCAN

References