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SELF-COMPACTING CONCRETE (SCC)

INTRODUCTION TO SELF-COMPACTING
CONCRETE:-
SCC was first developed in Japan around the
year 1980.
Professor H.Okamura from the university of
Tokyo Japan is mainly responsible for initiating
the development of scc.
The need for development of such concrete
arose from the scarcity of skilled manpower in
Japan during this period.
It was developed to overcome deficiency of
skilled manpower & problem of placing and
compacting congested civil engineering
structures.
SCC can be considered as the greatest
technical advancement and most
revolutionary development in concrete
technology over the years, at least from till
today.
This is the concrete of future , as it will be
replacing the normal concrete because of tis
many advantages
It is reported that in the year 2003
approximately 50% of the total concrete
The growth of SCC in Japan is depicted in fig.
as below
ANNUAL GROWTH OF SCC IN Cum
300
Cum (In Million)

250
200 ANNUAL
150 GROWTH OF
SCC IN Cum
100
50
0

YEARS
In India it was used for the first time in the year
2003 and work was executed by Gammon India
Ltd.
Subsequently scc was used in many developed and
developing countries such as Canada, Sweden,
Netherland ,Taiwan, Thailand, USA, Australia
,Korea, France, UK, Germany, etc.
DEFINITION OF SCC

Self compacting concrete (scc)is concrete


which flows under its own weight without
any segregation and maintaining its
homogeneity , also flows through all shapes
and obstructions and needing no vibrations
for compaction.
NECESSITY OF SCC

It has been observed that scc not only reduces


the requirement of manpower but also results
in more durable concrete as illustrated below.

Congested
Congested structures
structures
Self-Compacting
Self-Compacting Concrete
Concrete
Skill
Skill of
of workers
workers

problem
problem of
of placing
placing and
and compaction
compaction

Durable
Durable concrete
concrete
structures
structures
REQUIREMENTS OF SCC

The main requirement of scc are:


Flow ability (Passing ability)

Filling ability
Self compacting without
segregation (Resistance to
segregation)
MIX PROPORTIONING (MIX DESIGN) OF SCC

TRADITIONAL SELF- INGRADIENTS


CONCRETE COMPACTING
CONCRETE
0.01% 0.01% ADMIXTURE

18% 20% WATER

46% 28% COARSE


AGGREGATE

24% 34% SAND

12% 18% FINES


TYPICAL MIX PROPORTIONING OF SCC USED IN
1770S AND 1980S
Ingredient/Property Mix Details
Ordinary Portland Cement 400Kg/m3
Very Fine Sand(0.075-0.6mm) 180Kg/m3

Sand(0-5mm)(F.A.=Fine 990Kg/m3
Aggregate)
Gravel(5-15mm)(C.A.=Course 630Kg/m3
Aggregate)
Water 190Kg/m3

Super plasticizer 7Kg/m3

Water/Cement Ratio 0.47


Slump 260
Note: Ratio of F.A/C.A.=1.86
MIX PROPORTIONS AND PROPERTIES OF
FRESH CONCRETE FOR NC,HPC & SCC
Material NC HPC SCC
Ordinary Portland Cement 345 Kg/m3 300 Kg/m3 220 Kg/m3
Slag - 60 Kg/m3 80 Kg/m3
Fly Ash - - 120 Kg/m3
Free Water 192 Kg/m3 192 Kg/m3 182 Kg/m3
Sand 863 Kg/m3 835 Kg/m3 1030
Kg/m3
Gravel 938 Kg/m3 945 Kg/m3 724 Kg/m3
High-range Water-reducing 1.31 Kg/m3 3.46 Kg/m3 5.04
Admixture/Water Reducer Kg/m3
Water/ Cementitious Material 0.556 0.533 0.433
Ratio
Sand / Aggregate Ratio 0.47 0.48 0.59
Ratio of F.A/C.A 0.92 0.88 1.42
Slump , mm 75 220 265
Air Content,% - 1.1 5(High)
MIX PROPORTIONING FOR SCC USED IN INDIA IN
RECENT
INGREDIENTS Kg/m3
Ordinary Portland Cement 225.0
Fly Ash 225.0
Water 165.0
Water Cementitious Ratio 0.37
Corse Aggregate,20mm 354.0
Corse Aggregate,10mm 354.0
River Sand 288.0
Crushed Sand 684.0
Admixtures,0.4%by weight of (cement 1.80
+ fly ash)
VAM*,0.3% by wt. of (cement + fly 1.35
ash)
Note:
Note: Ratio
Ratio of
of F.A./C.A.=
F.A./C.A.= 1.37
1.37
*VAM-
*VAM- Viscosity
Viscosity Modifying
Modifying
Agent
MIX PROPORTIONING FOR SCC USED IN INDIA IN
RECENT

INGREDIENTS Kg/m3
Ordinary Portland Cement 300.0
Fly Ash 200.0
Silica fume 25.0
Water 175.0
Water Cementitious Ratio 0.33
Corse Aggregate,20mm 299.0
Corse Aggregate,10mm 365.0
River Sand 683.0
Crushed Sand 293.0
Admixtures,2.4%by weight of (cement + fly ash + Silica 12.6
fume)
VAM*,1% by wt. of (cement + fly ash + Silica fume) 1.35
Note:
Note: Ratio
Ratio of
of F.A./C.A.=
F.A./C.A.=
1.47
1.47
TEST METODS

The most commonly used tests are as


fallows:
Slump Flow Test and T50cm Test.

V Funnel Test.

L Box Test.

U Box Test.
Fill Box Test.
BOND STRENGTH & BOND RATIO OF NC IN
VARIOUS CONSOLIDATION CONDITIONS

Normal concrete (75 mm Slump)


8
7 7
6.3 6.6
6
Normalized bond

(Mpa)

5
4
3 3
strength

2
1
0
0 10 20 30

Vibration time (sec)


BOND STRENGTH & BOND RATIO OF HPC IN VARIOUS
CONSOLIDATION CONDITIONS

HPC(220 mm slump)
Normalized bond strength

8
7 6.8
6.5
6
(Mpa)

5 4.8 HPC(220 mm
4.4 slump)
4
3
2
1
0
0 10 20 30
Vibration time (sec)
BOND STRENGTH & BOND RATIO OF SCC IN VARIOUS
CONSOLIDATION CONDITIONS

Self compacting concrete


9
8
7
Normalized bond

(Mpa)

6
Self compacting
5 concrete
4
strength

3
2
1
0
0 10 20 30
Vibration time (sec)
EFFECT OF VIBRATION TIME ON BOND STRENGTH OF
VARIOUS CONCRETE

8
7.3
7 6.8
6.3
6.05 6.3 6.1 Normal
6 5.91 5.8 5.9
concrete
5 High
4.7
Normalized bond

4.5
(Mpa)

4 performance
3.4 concrete
3
Self
strength

2 compacting
1 concrete

0
0 10 20 30

Vibration time (sec)