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THE BASIC OF

Scientific Paper
Fidelisa Cita Arini
AMSA 12
Tujuan Instruksional Tujuan Instruksional
Umum Memberikan Khusus
penjelasan tentang Menjelaskan hubungan
scientific paper dan scientific paper dan
scientific poster. scientific poster
Menjelaskan bagian-
bagian dari scientific
paper dan scientific
poster
Menjelaskan cara
pembuatan serta teknik
presentasi scientific
paper dan scientific
KTI = Scientific Paper?
KTI SCIENTIFIC PAPER
Pendahuluan Introduction
Tinjauan Pustaka
Kerangka Konsep Materials & Method
Metode Penelitian
Hasil Penelitian Result
Pembahasan Discussion
Kesimpulan & Saran Conclusion
Daftar Pustaka References
Introduction
An introduction usually describes:
theoretical background,
indicates why the work is important,
states a specific research question,

You will findbackgroundinformation and a statement of


the author'shypothesisin the introduction.

Good writing should be like a skirt:


Long enough to cover subject, but
short enough to stay interesting.
- Doyle Albee
Introduction
A
HIV/AIDS Social Stigma:
Knowledge and Attitude of Religion-Based and Non-Religion-
Based Organizations Members B

A Define the first subject!


History? Current situation? Statistic? Special characteristic?
B Define the second subject!
Same with A. Dont be repetitive!
A + B Define the possible correlation.
Hypothesis? What is the goal of the study? Why is this
important?
Materials & Method
The methods section will help you determine
exactlyhowthe authors performed the research.

Qualitative Study Quantitative Study


primarily exploratory used to quantify the
research. It is used to problem by way of
gain an understanding of generating numerical data
underlying reasons, or data that can be
opinions, and motivations. transformed into useable
statistics.
Materials & Method
Quantitative research:
Descriptive study
A descriptive study is one in which information is collected
without changing the environment.

Analytic study
A comparative study designed to reach causal inferences
about hypothesized relationships between risk factors and
outcome.
Materials & Method
Sampling
Probability sampling
Simple random sampling
Stratified random sampling
Cluster sampling

Non-probability sampling
Consecutive sampling
Convenience sampling
Quota sampling
Result
The results section contains thedatacollected
during research.

Use tables and/or diagrams!


DO NOT interpret the data just yet.
Discussion
The discussion section will explain theauthors
interprettheir data and how they connect it to other
work.
states what conclusions can
be drawn from the results
(present major findings first,
then minor ones)
compares your results with
those of other workers and
cites the references used for
comparisons,
examines your results for
possible errors or bias.
Considerin
g methods
Finish your
complete
paper
Check the Making
guideline
Title
Doing
Research

Analyzing
problem ABSTRACT!
I have my
research
completed;
but now
what?
Research posters summarize information or
research concisely and attractively to help
publicize it and generate discussion.
Basically, the structure is the same with scientific paper.
Lets
design a
poster!
Tulis Judulnya Gede
Gede
Your biggest
impact!
Boldface
type. Not
all caps!

Group
authors
names
and
affiliation
s
Leave breathing
space around your
text
Plain fonts even serif
here
Same size and style
Conclusions fi rst!
Put the most
important part first!
Short and to the
point!
Upper left hand
corner
Can anyone read your body text?
Images & graphs say much more t h a n
words
Picture perfect photos

Avoid resolution overkill!


At least 150 dpi, but no more than 300
dpi

Web images are


usually poor resolution
jpg

png
Your cool images
mean nothing
without a scale
bar or
description
Using color to engage your
readers
2-3 colors, no
more!

Dark on
light color
background
Ini gak keliatan

Ini juga gak keliatan

Nulis apaan sih

Padahal kalogin kebac


i a
Tapi ga gini juga ya

This attracts attention but tires out the eye


Be careful w i t h primary colors
Beware of busy backgrounds
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!


The whole of science is nothing more than a
refinement of everyday thinking.
Albert Einstein