Sie sind auf Seite 1von 57

Art Nouveau

Cabrera
Patrimonio
Laperal
Naoe
Reyes, C
Kaluag
Art Nouveau
Means New Art

Ornamental style of art that flourished between about 1890 and 1914
throughout Europe and the United States.

It was a deliberate attempt to create a new style, free of the imitative


historicism that dominated much of 19th-century art and design.

Art Nouveau developed first in England and soon spread to the


European continent
Other names of Art
Nouveau
Nieuwe Kunst In Netherland
Jugendstil in Germany
Arte Joven, in Spain
Secession, in Austria
Stile Liberty, in Italy
Siegfried Bing
German naturalized French in
1876, Siegfried Bing (later
called Samuel Bing)

was the founder in 1895 of " La


Maison de l'Art Nouveau " in
Paris :

it was his art gallery and


exhibition hall that gave its
name to the famous artistic
Style Art Nouveau.
Art Nouveau was aimed at modernizing design,
seeking to escape the eclectic historical styles
that had previously been popular.

The movement was committed to abolishing the


traditional hierarchy of the arts, which viewed so-
called liberal arts, such as painting and
sculpture, as superior to craft-based decorative
arts.

The practitioners of Art Nouveau sought to revive


good workmanship, raise the status of craft, and
produce genuinely modern design.
Inspirations

Arts and Crafts


Japanese Art
Movement

Led by William Morris


the flat perspective
and strong colors
reaction against the
of Japanese wood
cluttered designs and
compositions of block prints
Victorian-era
decorative art (Olive green,
carnation pink and
Handcraftsmanship periwinkle blue)

Highly expressive Whiplash curves


paintings of post were derived
impressionist
Whiplash curves

Art Nouveau typically


employed intricate
curvilinear patterns of
sinuous asymmetrical lines,
often based on plant-forms
Other Influences and prominent
features:
Rythmic floral patterns, is often considered the first
realization of Art Nouveau

2D imagery (Japan)

Nature illustrations of deep sea creatures and


plants were used as references
Characteristics
Moved away from imitation of real subjects and moved
towards flowing and twisting lines of nature

Inspired by the lines and shapes of nature

united flowing, natural forms with more angular contours

Art Nouveau designers also believed that all the arts should
work in harmony to create a "total work of art

Art Nouveau was a short-lived movement whose brief


incandescence was a precursor of modernism, which
emphasized function over form and the elimination of
superfluous ornament.
Art Nouveau embracedall forms of art and
design:

architecture
furniture
glassware
graphic design
jewelry
painting
pottery
metalwork
textile
ARCHITECTURE
FEATURES

Art Nouveau buildings have many of these


features:

Asymmetrical shapes
Extensive use of arches and curved forms
Curved glass
Curving, plant-like embellishments
Mosaics
Stained glass
Japanese motifs
Pierre
Francastel
Divides Art Nouveau
into two main
tendencies that could
broadly termed the
organic and the
rationalist
Rationalist: Organic:

Mackintosh school Gaudi house


Glasglow, Scotland Barcelona, Spain
1897-1909 1903
-dependent on the straight line -gives precedence to the curved line and floral shapes
Stephan
Tschudi
Madsen
(Art Historian)

proposed a more subtle


classification, but still
relies on
an assumed antagonism
between four designs
In his book Sources of Art Nouveau, he
describes for styles:
1. An abstract, structural style with a strong symbolic
and dynamic tendency (France & Belgium)
(Horta, Guimard, Van de Velde)

Henry Van de Veldes hous


2. A floral approach focuding on
organic plant forms
(Galle, Majorelle, Vallin)

Aquarium Pavillion
3. The linear, flat approach, with
a heavy symbolic element
(Glasglow group, Mackintosh)

Glasgow School of Art


by Charles Rennie
4. A structured, geometric style (Austria & Germany)
(Wagner, Olbrich, Hoffmann, Loos)

Majolikahaus in Vienna
by Otto Wagner
Victor
Horta
(Belgian architect
and
designer)
(January 6, 1861 -
September 8 1947)
Hotel
Tassel
Brussels,
Belgium
Construction started
1893
Completed 1894
(1st Art Nouveau Building in the
World)
Stairway of Tassel House, Brusse
Htel van
Eetvelde
Brussels, Belgium
Construction started 1898
Completed 1900
Htel van Eetvelde office : fireplace
Htel
Solvay
Brussels, Belgium
Construction started
1898
Completed 1900
Castel
Berange
r
Paris, France
1890 circa
Details
Paris
Metro
Entrances
Paris, France
1899 to 1905
Louis
Sullivan
(American architect)
(September 3, 1856 April 14,
1924)

"father of skyscrapers
"father of modernism
one of "the recognized trinity of
American architecture"
Wainwright
Building
Missouri, USA
1890 to 1891
Height: 44.81 meters / 147
feet
Stories: 10
Charles
Rennie
Mackintosh
The
Light
House
Glasglow, Scotland
Completed in 1895
Casa
Mil
Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
1905-1907
Casa
Battlo
Barcelona,
Spain
1905-1907
La
Sagrada
Familia
(The Holy Family)
Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
1882-2026
Parque
Gell
Barcelona, Spain
1900 to 1914
Parque Gell, or Guell Park is
surrounded
by an undulating mosaic wall.
FURNITURE
Henri Van De Velde
Henri van de Velde was
very influential in the
birth of Belgian Art
Nouveau Style.
In 1896 he presented
his furniture works in
Samuel Bing's gallery
"L'Art Nouveau" in Paris
and became
internationally known.
LAMPS
GLASSWARE, POTTERY
JEWELRY
Brooch, ca. 1900

Gold, enamel, motherof


pearl, opal, emerald,
colored stones, gold paint;
Diam. 1/2 in. (1.3 cm)
PAINTINGS
The Scream,
1895

Edvard Munch
(Norwegian,
18631944)
GRAPHIC ARTS

Moulin Rouge:
La Goulue, 1891
Others
Fall of Art Nouveau & Birth of Art
Deco

When Art Nouveau fell out of fashion in


the 1920s and 1930s, it was replaced
by the clean, simple geometries of Art
Deco.
The extravagant curves of Art Nouveau
were seen as old-fashioned and viewed
with contempt.
Many Art Nouveau products were
put away, spurned, or
destroyed.

Rooms once decorated in what had


been the height of fashion were
redecorated to conform to the
latest taste.
http://
www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/artn/hd_artn.htm
http://
www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/36571/Art-
Nouveau
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Art_Nouveau
http://
www.nga.gov/feature/nouveau/exhibit_intro.shtm
http://
www.theartstory.org/movement-art-nouveau.htm
http://
www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/artn/hd_artn.htm