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FLOOD

BY: FATHONI QURAISY


XII IPA I
WHAT IS THE FLOOD ?
Flooding is a natural phenomenon that occurs
in areas fed by many streams. Meanwhile, in a
simple, defined as the presence of water
flooding a large area of the earth's surface so
that it covers the region. Based SK SNI M-18-
1989-F (1989) in Suparta 2004, that flood
water flow is relatively high, and can not be
accommodated by the river channel or
channels.
TYPES OF FLOOD
Flood Water is flooding are common. The cause of the flood
water is overflowing in rivers, lakes, or diselokan so the
water will rise come ashore. In general, water flooding
resulting from persistent rain that made rivers, lakes or
sewers can not hold water.Floods, was the flooding that
transports water and mud.
Flash floods are very dangerious for not saving themselves.
Flash floods can menghayutkan anything, because it is very
high destruction power. Flooding usually occurs in the
mountainous area of mountainous land as landslides due to
rain water to be carried on the lower mainland. Generally
flood menghayutkan trees or large-sized rocks that could
damage the residents, are in the surrounding mountains.
WHY CAN COME
FLOODING?
Blockage of the watershed or schools often throw garbage in the
river.The community considers his behavior because if the waste is
burned, it will cause air pollution and odor. So that people take shortcuts
without thinking about cause and effect. Penyumbayatan that occur due
to sedimentation or precipitation downstream area can reduce the ability
of the river to collect water.
High rainfall relatively high rainfall may cause rivers can not
accommodate the volume of water that may be beyond the capacity.
Establishment of houses along the river people who set up home on the
riverbank usually reducing the width of the river. With the reduction of
the width of the river can cause water circulation is not optimal
At least absorptive area in modern times, the catchment areas tend to
be found. Particularly in urban areas are basically very vulnerable to
flooding, given the condition of the city that are in the lowlands.
Absorptive area actually covered with asphalt lots or concreting so that
water can not seep into the soil.
THE EFFECTS OF
FLOODING
Damage to facilities and infrastructure
particles entering the water pooled on the wall of the
building, if the walls are not able to withstand the water
conttens then the wall will suffer cracks and eventually
broken
Rise to victims of soul
Loss of property
As germs
Diseases that can be caused flooding are itching, Dengue
fever, and floods carry germs that spread of disease is very
large.
HOW TO PREVENT FLOOD
Optimization of the river or ditch
Rivers or drains should be maintained and used properly.
River or ditch not to be used to dispose of waste or landfill.
Cleanliness and swift currents should be monitored every
rather than observing floods.
Carry out selective logging and reforestation program
A felled tree should be replaced. Cutting down trees that
have woody shoots back later in planting new trees. It is
intended to regenerate the forest with forest destination not
become bald.
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION