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Voltage Divider Rule

Voltage Divider Rule

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magnitude of the resistance levels.

Voltage divider rule (VDR) that permits determining the

voltage levels without first finding the current. The rule can be

derived by analyzing the network of Fig.

Example

Determine the voltage V1 for the network of Fig.

Solution:

Example

Using the voltage divider rule, determine the voltages

V1 and V3 for the series circuit of Fig.

Solution:

Example

Design the voltage divider of Fig. such that VR1 = 4VR2.

CURRENT DIVIDER RULE

For two parallel elements of equal value, the current will

divide equally.

For parallel elements with different values, the smaller

the resistance, the greater the share of input current.

For parallel elements of different values, the current will

split with a ratio equal to the inverse of their resistor

values.

Deriving CDR

The input current I equals V/RT, where RT is the total

resistance of the

parallel branches. Substituting V=IxRx into the above

equation, where Ix

refers to the current through a parallel branch of

resistance Rx, we have

Example (Kirchhoff's Current law)

With reference to the network shown in Fig,

determine the relationship between the currents I1,

I2, I4 and I5.

Example (KCL)

For the network shown in Fig, I1 = 2.5 A and I2 =

1.5 A. Calculate the current I3.

Example (KCL)

Write down the current relationships for junctions

a, b and c of the

network shown in Fig. and hence determine the

currents I2, I4

and I5.

Example (KVL)

For the network shown in Fig, determine the

voltages V1 and V3.

Example (CDR)

Find the current I1 for the network of Fig.

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