Sie sind auf Seite 1von 28

Use of GIS in effective planning and

management of fiber optics cables

Prepared
Prepared By:
By:
Abubaker
Abubaker Ahmed
Ahmed Elobied
Elobied Ali
Ali
Outline

Introduction

Problem Statement

Objective
Methodology

Literature Review

Case study

Conclusion
Introduction

GIS in fiber optics cables are used to play important roles in :

System operation & maintenance

System planning and expansion

System analysis and visualization


Problem Statement

Planning
oo Optimal routes for cable infrastructure.
Engineering
oo Network design & cost estimation
Management
oo Maintenance and expansion network
Objective

To Develop GIS database for solving challenges of planning,


engineering and management of fiber optics cables
Methodology

1) Data
)
) Road network
)
) Business points
)
) Buildings
)
) Fiber optic cable routes
)
) Fiber optic Network nodes
Figure 1.Field Surveys to Collect Fiber Optics Data
(C. Chang-Albitres. 2011).
CONT

2) Build GIS
)
) Design Database
)
) Design Tools
)
) Build Database
)
) Integrating fiber optics data into GIS
)
) Implement in Your Management
Literature Review

Fiber optics is used to transmit voice, video and data


signals by light waves

Figure 2. Fiber Optic Cable (en.wikipedia.org)


CONT

Figure 3. Fiber optic cable construction


(http://www.telebyteusa.com)
CONT

Advantages of Fiber Optics

Large bandwidth

Low transmission loss

Small size and weight

Electrical Isolation

Signal security
Main Advantages:
Large bandwidth
Low loss
CONT

Todays Scenario

More than 600 Million kms of fiber-optic cables have
been installed worldwide

More than 120 Million kms in Asia

More than 22,000km in Saudi Arabia
Figure 4. Submarine Cables in the world (en.wikipedia.org)
Figure 5. Fiber Optical cable in Saudi Arabia
(www.mobily.com)
Case study: The City of El Paso
Texas (April 2011)
Figure 6. Flood Damage and Destroyed Streets in the City
(2006) (C. Chang-Albitres. 2011).
Figure 7. Components of the Infrastructure Management
System for City of El Paso (C. Chang-Albitres. 2011).
GIS Fiber Optics Asset
Management System

The objectives of GFOAMS to provide managers and


maintenance crews easy access to fiber optics information
The data is stored in three main layers:
Junction Boxes (splices connection points)
Conduit Runs (connecting point A to point B)
Cables carrying the information
GFOAMS Framework Structure

The GFOAMS framework structure is composed of


three modules: inventory, documents and images.

Figure 8. GFOAMS Framework Structure


(C. Chang-Albitres. 2011)
Table1. Location Data (C. Chang-Albitres. 2011).
Table2. Summary of descriptive data
(C. Chang-Albitres. 2011).
GFOAMS Applications

Figure 9. Accessing Fiber Optics Documents and Photos


(C. Chang-Albitres. 2011).
Figure 10. Manage Fiber Optics Network (maintenance &operation)
(C. Chang-Albitres. 2011).
Figure 11. Planning & expansion of Fiber Optics
(C. Chang-Albitres. 2011).
Concluding Remarks

Due to uses GIS in Fiber Optics Network :


Provide managers easy access to fiber optics information

Quick responses for Maintenance

Decrease overall operating costs

Improves the performance of fiber optic network


MAIN References

1.
1. C.
C. Chang-Albitres,
Chang-Albitres, L. Quintana and R. Aldouri. GIS Fiber Optics Asset
Management
Management System.
System. Final
Final Report.
Report. University
University of
of Texas
Texas at
at El
El Paso,
Paso, TX,
TX,
2011.
2011.
.
. Hecht,
Hecht, J.
J. Understanding
Understanding Fiber
Fiber Optics.
Optics. 5th
5th Ed.
Ed. Pearson
Pearson Prentice
Prentice Hall,
Hall, Upper
Upper
Saddle
Saddle River,
River, 2006.
.
. Alwayn,
Alwayn, V. Fiber-Optic Technologies. Cisco Press, April
2004.http://www.ciscopress.com/articles/article.asp?
2004.http://www.ciscopress.com/articles/article.asp?
p=170740&seqNum=7
p=170740&seqNum=7
Thanks for
Listening