Sie sind auf Seite 1von 13

BUREAUCRACY

Bureaucracy in old order and new oder

Ainun Dwiyanti (20160510371)


Andi Firmansah (20160510308)
Farasdivana Centika Putri (20160510321)
Kelvin Alfayed Lugiano (20160510365)
Miraj Maghfirah (20160510347)
According to Merriam-Webster Dictionary, the term
bureaucracy is derived from the French bureaucratie,
which consist of two words: bureau that means desk
and cratie that refer to the word government. The
term of bureaucracy itself means a government
characterized by specialization of functions, adherence to
fixed rules, and a hierarcy of authority
Research Questions

How is the condition of bureaucracy in the transfer of


power from the old order of Soekarno to the new order of
Soeharto referring to the ideology of both polarized leader?

What is the impact of both order in bureaucracy into


todays bureaucracy?
How is the condition of bureaucracy in the transfer of power from the old order
of Soekarno to the new order of Soeharto referring to the ideology of both
polarized leader?
Soekarno arranged the bureaucracy that could take over
the territory of Indonesia as a whole. In consructing his
authority, Soekarno laid on political parties and military.
The political party that is so-called as NASAKOM
(National, Religion and Communist) is dominated by PKI.
The bureaucracy of government through the leading
democracy (demokrasi terpimpin) was stopped once
Soeharto was elected as the President of Indonesia
through the command-letter of 11 Maret (Supersemar).
In 1947, Soeharto rearranged the bureaucracy through Keppres No.
44 year 1974 that arrange :

1) The position of main job and the function of department.


2) The organization structure department that consists of; a) The
leaders element, b) Ministers, c) the governments element:
Inspectorate of General, d) organizers element: Directorate of
General, d) supervisors element: General of Inspectorate.
3) The way department work.
4) The position and ministers job.
5) Secretariat of general.
6) Directorate general.
7) Inspector general.
8) Another unit of organizations.
9) Vertical instasion which is arranged in Keppres No. 45, year
1974.
What is the impact of both order in bureaucracy into
todays bureaucracy?
The first General Election to be held was on
Soekarno era

The people in that era demanded the democracy to be


applied and choose over the General Election in term of
electing the government. This impacted to Indonesia
nowadays, with the democracy system, where we use
general election system in the election.
In new order era, it is impacted to the laws of Indonesia, for
example, the ban of Indonesias communist party

The TAP MPR no. XXV 1966 still exist to this day, the existence
of PKI (Indonesias Communist Party) is still prohibited.
The privatization of BUMN (Badan Usaha Milik Negara) or
State-owned Enterprises, where Soeharto was intentionally
relinquished BUMN from the structure of Ministry.
Conclusion

In conlusion, bureaucracy in Indonesia had already


existed as indicated by the very first Cabinet. Then, as
the time passed and as the government system changed,
the bureaucracy had differences between one regime to
another regime. And from both orders bureaucracy, it
gives their own impacts into todays bureaucracy.