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UNEMPLOYMENT PROJECT

What is unemployment?
Unemployment is the term
used when a lack of jobs for
skilled and capable forces
to work properly. This
phenomenon is
characterized by the fact
that part of the population
is looking for a job. When
this serious economic
problems prevalent in the
region or State, by
increasing social spending
maintenance unemployed .
Specialists in this field believe that there are two types of unemployment:

Voluntary unemployment: Unemployment is the type that


describes the situation in which people able to work do not
want to work because they have enough material resources;
Involuntary unemployment: describes the situation where
people capable of work they want to engage, but can not find
jobs available. This type of unemployment is one that raises
social issues, the only accepted form for paying
unemployment benefits.
Involuntary unemployment is a negative side effect of labor
legislation that creates barriers to entry into the labor market
demand for labor, which is an expansion of an oversupply of
labor (involuntary unemployment).
Barriers on the meeting between supply and demand on the labor market:

The minimum wage is imposed a wage lower limit imposed by legislation.Prevent


entry of jobs for people who are willing to work under the limit, forcing them to
remain unemployed.Real minimum wage increase imposed over the lowest price of
the offer, has the effect of increasing unemployment.

Limiting the number of employers.With few exceptions, labor law does not allow
individuals to become employers, as a barrier to the labor market by being stuck
many jobs that would be in direct competition with those offered by commercial
companies, with positive effects unemployed and employees.
Mandatory social security contributions.Access to the labor market (labor) of any
citizen is conditional on buying social insurance through mandatory contributions
from wages paid.The refusal of an employee to buy social insurance is sanctioned
by removing it from the labor market.
Professional certification.Possession of a proper condition to trade in a national act,
imposed by labor legislation is a barrier to entry to the labor market for self-
directed people who have the knowledge, skills and skills to engage in that economic
sector.
What do you do after completing an educational institution?
Those who can not work after graduating from an educational institution entitled
to request unemployment benefit, as stated in Law no. 76/2002 on the
unemployment insurance system and stimulation of employment.

These can be considered unemployed only if


they are found in the following situations:
are graduates of educational institutions
have minimum 16 years, a period of 60 days
from graduation, they have managed to be
employed according training training;
are graduates of special schools for the
disabled have less than 16 years and have not
managed to be employed according to their
professional training.
Morever, apart from compensation and
bonuses, graduates registered with the NEA
can benefit from:
information and professional counseling
services (assessment and self-assessment of
personality for career guidance, training in
methods and techniques of searching for a
job, presentation techniques for job
interviews etc.);
employment mediation (putting in contact
with employers offering vacancies according
to their training, skills and interests
graduates);
Training (initiation, training, retraining,
refresher and specialization in various jobs
required on the labor market).
What is the unemployment rate?

Romania's unemployment
rate was 6.8% in October,
according to Eurostat the
statistical office, the European
average of 9.3%. Romania is
among European states with low
unemployment, namely ranks
tenth. The highest
unemployment rate is recorded
in Greece, over 24%, and lowest
in Germany, only 4.5%. In total,
about 22.4 million Europeans
were unemployed during the
month of October 2015.
Fighting Measures
Unemployment determined by economic circumstances, when demand is reduced
the market economy, can through a flexible fiscal policy to offset losses caused by
reduced sales. In the US this policy is more flexible compared to Europe if this
policy is applied rationally will preclude the recurrence day Black Friday on Wall
Street US on 25 October 1929 when he broke a world economic crisis led to the
bankruptcy of banks devaluation of the currency. This phenomenon is not as
intense course has been observed since 1970 in Germany when high taxes,
growing unemployment and high wages, which causes the high prices of German
products could not compete with those produced cheaper in other countries.
A measure to combat structural unemployment is to establish flexible wage rates
through better cooperation between trade unions and management companies, as
tariffs are adjusted according to the level of inflation rate. The method of
extending enrollment of students and early retirement of employees turned out for
a period of time as a measure costly and ineffective. Another measure was to
reduce unemployment shorter create services 8 hours with the aim that post to be
occupied by two employees.
Policy measures to reduce unemployment:

- are the new employees is a time trial, while receiving a salary lower
flexibility of working time, easing dissolution of the employment contract and
prices payroll flexible after economic conjuncture
-training and sluggishness unemployed how should look for a job
-integration process of those living in the country
-and a foreign nationality raising skill levels and training schools .
In many cases, active measures have the effect of increasing the number and
intensity of barriers labor market, emphasizing unemployment.
Remove any barriers in the labor market (specific rules of labor law) would
result in the elimination of all forms of involuntary unemployment,
increasing competition among employees for the best jobs (salaries and
working conditions higher), increased competition among employers the best
employees, effects of the growth of labor productivity, reducing bureaucracy,
a general rise in real incomes and will be stimulated people's desire to train.
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