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Corrosion & Its Types 1


Corrosion & Its Types 2
INTRO

Corrosion has been a prob in ac structures since dawn of avn

Tech advancement has delayed the process but not successfully eliminated

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INTRO

The consequences of corrosion are many and varied and the effects of these on the safe, reliable
and efficient operation of equipment or structures are often more serious than the simple loss of a
mass of metal.

Failures of various kinds and the need for expensive replacements may occur even though the
amount of metal destroyed is quite small.

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AIM

To Apprise About Corrosion, Types & Effects On Ac


Structure

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SEQ

Intro

Corrosion

Factors Affecting Corrosion

Effects of Corrosion

Types of Corrosion

Corrosion Prone Areas in Ac

Prevention Against Corrosion

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Corrosion

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CORROSION

Corrosion is the process of deterioration or degradation of metals through an electrochemical or


chemical attack by its environment

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CORROSION
Greater is the amount of energy
required to separate the metal from its
mineral

Lower Energy Extraction Higher Energy


State Processes Excited State

Mineral Ores Metallic States

Stable Natural Unstable Pure


Combined Form Form

Greater will be the tendency of the


metal to revert back to its natural
states

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FACTORS AFFECTING CORROSION

The nature and extent of corrosion depends on the metal and the environment

The important factors that influence this process include

Nature of the Metal

Environment

Concentration of an Electrolyte

Temperature

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EFFECTS OF CORROSION

Affect safe, reliable and efficient operation of equipment

Much serious than mere loss of metal mass

Some of the effects include

Reduced Strength

Downtime of Equipment

Lost Surface Properties

Reduced Value of Equipment

Escape of Fluids

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TYPES OF CORROSION

Different types of corrosion includes

Uniform Corrosion

Pitting Corrosion

Exfoliation Corrosion

Filiform Corrosion

Stress Corrosion

Crevice Corrosion

Galvanic Corrosion

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UNIFORM CORROSION

This corrosion develops as pits of very small diameter, in the order of micrometers, and
results in a uniform and continuous decrease in thickness over the entire surface area of the
metal.

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PITTING CORROSION

This localized form of corrosion is characterized by the formation of irregularly shaped


cavities on the surface of the metal. Their diameter and depth depends on several
parameters related to the metal, the medium and service conditions.

MDH 369E - Tail rotor gearbox - bearing pitted


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EXFOLIATION CORROSION

This type of corrosion propagates along a large number of planes running parallel to the
direction of rolling or extrusion.

Between these planes are very thin sheets of sound metal that are not attacked, but
gradually pushed away by the swelling of corrosion products, peeling off like pages in a
book; hence the term exfoliation

Cessna 182E horizontal stabilizer attach fitting - hinge corroded

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FILIFORM CORROSION

Filiform corrosion is a special form of corrosion that occurs under some thin coatings in the
form of randomly distributed threadlike filaments.

Filiform corrosion is also known as "underfilm Corrosion" or "filamentary corrosion".

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STRESS CORROSION

This type of corrosion results from the combine action of a mechanical stress (bending,
tension) and a corrosive environment.

It can lead to unexpected sudden failure of normally ductile metals subjected to a tensile
stress, especially at elevated temperature.

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CREVICE CORROSION

Crevice Corrosion refers to the localized attack on a metal surface at, or immediately
adjacent to, the gap or crevice between two joining surfaces. The gap or crevice can be
formed between two metals or a metal and non-metallic material.

Example of crevices are overlapping zones for riveting, bolting or welding, zones under
joints and under various deposits.

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GALVANIC CORROSION

When two dissimilar metals are in direct contact in a conducting liquid, one of the two may
corrode. This is called galvanic corrosion.

Galvanic Corrosion is highly localized in contact zone with other metal.

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CORROSION PRONE AREAS

External Surfaces

Battery Compartments

Wheel Wells and Landing Gears

Engine Frontal Area and Air Vents

Water Entrapment Areas

Exhaust Trail Areas

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PREVENTION OF CORROSION

Moisture free environment

Thorough rinsing and cleaning of aircraft

Exposed areas need attention


Chipped or delaminating paint to be stripped &
repainted
Use of avn grade lubricants and protectants

Proper shelter

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Human Factors in AC Occurrences 22