Sie sind auf Seite 1von 20

MODERN FACTS DEVICES AND

ITS COMPENSATION TECHNIQUES


Relation between cost and Power
Transmission
Area of the conductor is inversely proportional to squa
age transmitted and its power factor value

a 1 (VL2
*cos )

To lower cost we need two important


parameters
High Voltage in transmission lines
Power factor value nearer to one
How power factor of Transmission
line is affected?

esence of thick insulators and long transmission line

ere is improper distribution of load factors

r example -inductors are said toconsumereactive p


nd capacitors are said tosupplyit.

proper distribution of these loads causes power fact


rop below one.
POWER FACTOR CORRECTION IN LOADS

A high power factor is generally


desirable in a transmission system to
reduce transmission losses
For power factor correction , power
electronic devices such as the Static
VAR compensatororSTATCOMare
used.
These devices are called FACTS
Devices
Voltage Regulation and stability

How the Voltage in Transmission line


be controlled?
The control of voltage and reactive power is
a major issue in power system operation.
To reduce transmission losses and to
maintain the ability of the system to
withstand and prevent voltage collapse.
Reactive power is the very important
parameter to control the voltage in
transmission lines
History of FACTS Devices
Dr. Narain Hingorani is the father
of FACTS technology.

C. J. Slatt Substation near


Arlington, Oregon

This is a 500 kV, 3-phase 60Hz


substation
FLEXIBLE AC TRANSMISSION
SYSTEMS (FACTS)
FACTS
Categories
Series Connected FACTS Devices
Shunt Connected FACTS Devices
Combined Seriesseries Connected
FACTS
Device
Combined Seriesshunt Connected
FACTS
Device
SERIES COMPENSATION
Improper load distribution in
transmission line
In case inductance is prominent in
the transmission line we suffer
Voltage drop.
To compensate, series capacitors are
connected.
Capacitors add voltage to line
current.
Effect of Inductance thus eliminated.
SHUNT COMPENSATION

In case capacitance is prominent in


the transmission line we suffer low
current in transmission line.
To compensate, shunt inductors are
connected.
inductors add current to line voltage.
Effect of Capacitance thus
eliminated.
Types of Shunt
Compensation
SHUNT CAPACITIVE
COMPENSATION

SHUNT INDUCTIVE
COMPENSATION
Different FACTS
controllers
Static VAR compensator

It is for providing fast-


actingreactive poweronhigh-
voltageelectricity transmission
networks.
It is used for regulating voltage,
power factor, harmonics and
stabilizing the system.
designed to bring the system closer
to unitypower factor.
Static VAR compensator
Types of Static VAR compensator
Transmission SVC : Connected to the
power system, to regulate the
transmission voltage.
Industrial SVC : Connected near large
industrial loads, to improve power
quality .
STATCOM
It is a regulating device used
onalternating currentelectricity
transmission networks.
To reduce poorpower factorand
poorvoltage regulation.
It is based on apower
electronicsvoltage-source converter
act as eithera sourceorsinkof
reactiveAC power
STATCOM
Unified Power Flow
Controller
Latest in series connected Facts
Controllers.
The UPFC is a combination of a static
synchronous compensator and a static
synchronous series compensator.
It allows function such as stability control to
suppress power system oscillations and
transient stability of power system.
Unified Power Flow
Controller
Generalized Unified Power
Flow Controller
Three converters one shunt
,two series power controller.
active and reactive power
compensation.
Generalized Unified Power Flow
Controller
Thanks for watching!..