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GENE

IS A COLLECTION OF
DNA
GENE IS A COLLECTION OF DNA WHICH IS
MADE UP OF NUCLEOTIDE.
NUCLEOTIDES

PHOSPHATE GROUP .
PENTOSE SUGAR.
NITROGENOUS BASE.
PENTOSE SUGAR
NUCLEOSIDE & NUCLEOTIDE
NUCLEOTIDES AND NUCLEOSIDES

NUCLEOTIDES ARE NUCLEOSIDES + PHOSPHATE


BASE NUCLEOSIDE DEOXYNUCLEOSIDE

Adenine Adenosine 2-deoxyadenosine

Guanine Guanosine 2-deoxyguanosine

Cytosine Cytodine 2-deoxycytodine

Uracil Uridine Not usually found

Thymine Not usually found 2-deoxythymidine


CHEMICAL STRUCTURE OF DNA AND
RNA

The C is
named 1-5

Nucleotide

Nucleoside
DNA STABILIZATION
COMPLEMENTARY BASE PAIRING
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN DNA & RNA
DNA STABILIZATION--H-BONDING &
BASE PAIR STACKING