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Periodic Tables of the

Elements
Transition Elements
Transition elements are elements from
Group 3 to Group 12 in the Periodic
Table.
- examples of transition elements are
iron, Fe, zinc, Zn, copper, Cu, silver, Ag,
gold, Au, and mercury, Hg.
Transition elements also known as
transition metals.
Properties
Transition metals have some special
characteristics which are not
possessed by other metals.
i) show different oxidation numbers
in their compounds.
Transiti Oxidati Name Ionic Exampl
on on of symbol e of
Elemen Number ion compou
t nd
Iron, Fe +2 Iron(II) Fe FeCl2
+3 ion Fe FeCl3
Iron(III)
ion
ii) form coloured ions or compounds.
Compound Compound Colour Ion which gives colour to
colour(crys of compound
tal) aqueous
solution Ion name Ion
symbol
Copper(II) blue blue Copper(II) ion Cu
nitrate,
Cu(N03)2
Nickel(II) Green Green Nickel(II) ion Ni
sulphate,
NiSO4
Manganese(I Pink PInk Manganese(II) Mn
I) ion
Sulphate,
MnSO4
iii) form complex ions
Examples of complex ions :
tetraamminecopper(II) ion, and
Hexacyanoferrate(II) ion.
iv) can act as catalysts.
-catalysts are chemicals which can
increase the rate of a chemical reaction.
Example: Iron are used as catalyst in
Haber process.
Uses of Transition elements in
industry.
Exercises
1) State three examples of transition
elements.
2) State four special characteristics of
transiton elements.
3) Why do precious stones have
colours which are different?