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Dynamic Soil Properties

Yuamar Imarrazan Basarah


25011023

Institut Teknologi Bandung Bismillah.....


Gmax and Damping Ratio

Initial shear modulus=Go

Linear equivalent
Analysis:
- EERA
- SHAKE
- STRATA

Non-Linear
Analysis
- NERA
- FLAC
Vs Formulas
Based on NSPT
Vs Formulas Based on CPT and
NSPT
Vs Formulas Based on CPT and
NSPT
Vs Formulas Based on CPT
Site Classification (Based on
ASCE-2010)
Site Classification (SNI-1726-
2012)
Gmax Formula for Clay

(P
Reference:
QUAKE/W manual



Void ratio 1 atm=100 kPa


Note:
Gmax, pa, and m expressed
n the same unit
Gmax Formula for Sand and Gravel (Seed
and Idriss, 1970)
1

2
Note:
Gmax and m is in lb/ft2
1 lb/ft2 = 0.04788 kPa K2max for gravel = 80-180

Gmax Formula for


Rock Fill

(Gazetas, 1991)

K2max = 170
Note:
Gmax and m is in
kPa
G/Gmax (Ishibashi and Zhang, 1993)


Sand or gravel

Tangent
hyperbolic Shear strain
Damping Ratio

For initial Damping ratio, G/Gmax=1


So, it only depends on PI
Example
Keterangan
1: Sand Fill di atas muka
air
2: Sand Fill di bawah
muka air
3: QRR
4: Rock Fill
5: Very Soft Clay
6: Medium Stiff Clay
7: Very Hard Clay 1
8: Stiff to very stiff clay
9: Very Hard Clay 2
10: Bedrock

Determine shear modulus and damping ratio for soil no 1 to 8!


Vs

Based on NSPT Based on Seismic Based on NSPT


downhole test

(P


Kurva G/Gmax dan Damping Ratio
Analisis Linier Ekivalen
1.2

1 Parameter Kurva Darendeli dan


0.8
Sand Fill Above GWT Stokoe(2001):
Sand Fill Below GWT - Tegangan efektif tanah
0.6 Rock Fill
G/Gmax - Indeks plastisitas
Soft Clay
0.4 Medium Stiff Clay - OCR
0.2 Very Hard Clay 1 - Koefisien lateral tanah saat kondisi
Stiff to Very Stiff Clay diam
0 very Hard Clay 2
0 0 0.01 0.1 1 10
- Jumlah cycle (n=1), dan frekuensi (f=10
Strain (%)
hz)

30

25
Sand Fill Above GWT
20
Sand Fill Below GWT
15 Rock Fill
Damping (%)
Soft Clay
10 Medium Stiff Clay

5 Very Hard Clay 1


Stiff to Very Stiff Clay
0 very Hard Clay 2
0 0 0.010.1 1 10

Strain (%)
Kurva G/Gmax dan Damping Ratio
Analisis Non-Linier FLAC
Clay (Sun dkk., 1988): Sand (Seed dan Idriss, 1970)
oft Clay, med clay, stiff clay, hard clay Sandfill, QRR, Rockfill