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Airport Markings & Signs

GROUP MEMBERS:
2017-MS-TE-04
2017-MS-TE-05
2017-MS-TE-06
INTRODUCTION

Airport signs and marking provide information that is


useful to ground vehicle operators when operating on the
airport and to pilots during takeoff, landing, or taxiing.
TYPES

MANDATORY SIGNS
LOCATION SIGNS
DIRECTION SIGNS
DESTINATION SIGNS
SPECIAL INFORMATION SIGNS
MANDATORY SIGNS

White inscriptions on a red background

Requires clearance before entering (due caution at


uncontrolled airports)
LOCATED ON TAXIWAYS
AT INTERSECTION WITH
RUNWAY AND AT
RUNWAY/RUNWAY
INTERSECTION

Do not cross unless clearance has been received


(towered airport) or until clear (untowered airport)

At runway/ runway intersections, hold short if land


and hold-short clearance has been accepted
LOCATED AT THE HOLD
POSITION ON A TAXIWAY
LOCATED IN RUNWAY
APPROACH OR DEPARTURE
AREA HOLD

Controlled airport -- hold when instructed

Non controlled airport -- proceed when no traffic conflict


exists
INDICATES AN ILS
CRITICAL AREA

Hold when instructed by ATC when approaches are


being made with visibility less than 2 miles or ceiling
less than 800 feet
INDICATES AREAS WHERE
AIRCRAFT ARE FORBIDDEN
TO ENTER

Do not enter

Identifies paved areas where aircraft entry is prohibited


INDICATES HS-1

Land and hold short point for other than intersecting


runways as instructed by ATC
LOCATION SIGNS

Yellow inscriptions on a black background -- identifies


runways and taxiways

Black inscription on a yellow background -- identifies


runway or critical area boundaries of:
Runway safety area (RSA)
Obstacle free zone (OFZ)
Instrument landing system areas (ILS)
LOCATED ON THE TAXIWAY

Identifies taxiway on which aircraft is located


LOCATED ON THE RUNWAY

Identifies runway on which aircraft is located


LOCATED AT THE EDGE
OF PROTECTED AREA FOR
RUNWAY

Identifies the boundary of the runway protected area on


controlled airports

It is intended that pilots exiting this area would use this


sign as a guide to judge when the aircraft is clear of the
protected area
LOCATED AT THE
EDGE OF THE ILS
CRITICAL AREA

Identifies the boundary of the ILS critical area on


controlled airports

It is intended that pilots exiting this area would use this


sign as a guide to judge when the aircraft is clear of the
ILS critical area
TAXIWAY ENDING MARKER

Indicates taxiway does not continue


DIRECTION SIGNS

Black inscriptions on a yellow background (always has an


arrow)

Provides directional information


LOCATED ON TAXIWAYS AND
RUNWAYS

On taxiways -- provides direction to turn to next


intersection to maneuver aircraft onto named taxiway

On runways -- provides direction to turn to exit runway


onto named taxiway
LOCATED ON THE
TAXIWAY

Provides general taxing direction to named runway


DESTINATION SIGNS

Similar to direction signs except that they point toward


general location such as:
APRON
FUEL
TERM
CIVIL
MIL
PAX
CARGO
INTL
FBO
SPECIAL INFORMATION SIGNS

Such as noise abatement procedures --have black


inscriptions on a yellow background
LOCATED ON THE RUNWAY

Distance remaining info for taking-off/landing


20 to 75 feet from the pavement edge, depending upon the
size of the sign
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