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7SR23 (DAD)

High Impedance Protection

For internal use only / Siemens


Protection
AG 2012.
noticeAll
/ Copyright
rights reserved.
notice
Product Updates

2013/01 2435H85014R7c-1a Revised file handling during shutdown.

2012/07 2435H85014R7b-1a First Release

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Structure of the Electrical Energy System Location of Motors

GENERATORS

Busbars
Auto-Transformers
TRANSMISSION NETWORK Interconnected Feeders

Busbars
Interconnectors
Double Wound Transformers
DISTRIBUTION Radial Feeders
NETWORK Ring Mains
Embedded Generation
Motors

G M

UTILISATION

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Applications of 3-Phase High Impedance Protections

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Applications of High Impedance Restricted Earth Fault Protection

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7SR23 MLFB - Hardware

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7SR23 Construction

High impedance specific hardware

Alpha Numeric LCD Display


4 lines, 20 characters
Backlit

Pushbuttons
Menu navigation x5
Programmable from Fascia

LEDs: HEALTHY TRIP PICKUP


User programmable:
x8 (E6 case) or x16 (E8 case)

Standard Data Comms Ports


Front USB-B Port, Rear RS485 Port

Optional Rear Data Comms Ports


F.O. ST connectors (x2) and IRIG-B
RS485 (x1) and IRIG-B
RS232 (x1) and IRIG-B
2 x Optical Duplex LC connectors (2 transmitters and 2 receivers)
2 x Electrical RJ45 connectors
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7SR23 DAD Wiring Diagram

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7SR23 Protection Functions

Relay and external components can be configured to provide different arrangements of


high impedance protection SYSTEM CONFIG > Relay Config:
User
3P + REF
3P + EF
REF1 + REF2

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SYSTEM CONFIG > Relay Config

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7SR23 and 7SG12 Equivalence

Using the connections shown overall 3-


phase differential protection is provided in
the same way as provided by the 7SG12
DAD N relay.

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Basics of Circulating Current Differential Protection

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Comparison of Current Differential Protections

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Busbar Current Distribution During Faults

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High Impedance Principles

Performance Ensured by Calculation:


Stability ensured for worst case:
One CT saturated, all other CTs transform perfectly

Operating current (fault setting) adjusted according to requirements

Proven, simple, high performance protection


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Magnetising Curve of Class X Current Transformer

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Calculation Procedure

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Data Required for Typical Calculation

SYSTEM DATA
Current Transformers
Ratio 500/1
SYSTEM DATA
VK 400V
Rated Voltage: 132kV
imag @ VK 100mA
Swgr Rating: 3500 MVA (15300A)
Secy Res. 0.7 Ohms

RL max2 Ohms

F2: Internal Fault


BUSBAR 1 BUSBAR 2

F1: External Fault


BBZ 1 CHECK BBZ 2

Overall fault setting between 10% and 50% of minimum fault current
The fault setting of the check zone and the minimum fault setting of the individual discriminating zones shall be equal to
approximately 50% of the full load rating of the associated busbar.
The maximum fault setting of the individual discriminating zones shall not exceed of the full load rating of the associated
busbar.
When two or more sections of busbar are connected together via section disconnectors and the combined discriminating
zone gives rise to a fault setting in excess of the full load current rating of the associated busbar, the minimum fault
setting of the individual discriminating zones shall be reduced below 50% to achieve a combined fault setting equal to or
less than the full load rating of the associated busbar.
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Circuit Components for High Impedance Protection

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High Impedance Component Box - Option

Standardises component ordering for high impedance schemes ordering,


engineering and installation simplified.

E6 case suitable for panel mounting includes:


Stabilising resistors
Voltage limiting Varistors

500R, 1K or 2K user selectable stabilising resistance, selected by external


connections.

Software settings tool available on request.

Protection zone short circuiting relay

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Integrated Solution

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Settings Software

Applicable to all high impedance scheme


arrangements.

Provides guidance on appropriate fault


level setting (primary operate current)
selection.

Settings recommendations include:


Component box stabilising resistor
value selection.
Differential protection current setting.
CT Supervision current setting.

Available on request.

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Considering CT Location Overlapping CTs

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Considering CT Location Non Overlapping CTs

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New feature - Sustained Fault Monitor

The 7SR23 is connected to


measure unbalance current.
The sustained flow of fault
current after a differential
protection operation indicates
either a failed CB condition or
fault in a protection blind spot.

Where one of the circuit


breakers fails to trip the relay
cannot inherently identify the
failed CB, it can measure
continued flow of differential
current only.

Can be used in conjunction with


circuit position monitoring.

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New feature Circuit Position Monitoring

CB position monitoring can utilise either the


IEC61850 comms or be hardwired between
binary inputs of the 7SR23 and CB auxiliary
switches, in effect producing a replica of the
busbar.

This feature can be used for example on


double busbar installations to issue trip
outputs to the relevant circuit breakers. Back-
tripping logic from circuit CB fail inputs can
also utilise these busbar replica tripping
outputs.

Where differential current continues to flow


and CB status indicates that all CBs are open
then this indicates a blind-spot fault has
occurred.

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New feature - Zone In/Out Switching

In/Out switching of the high impedance protections is provided to aid commissioning and testing.
When the Zone Switch Out feature is initiated the operation of the differential protection and CT
supervision monitoring is inhibited.
User selected output contacts assigned to CT50 are operated when Zone Switchout CT Shorting is
selected to Enabled. The connection of these contacts in the protection scheme ensures that any
unbalance current in the differential circuit does not flow through the relay/stabilising resistor.

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User Interface Fascia Menu Structure

Consistent user interface for all 7SR relays.

Compatible with Reydisp EVO and MANAGER.

Settings files and templates available from


website.

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Data Storage

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Easy configuration with Reydisp software
(Free download)

Reydisp Software Interface


- View and download settings
- Disturbance records
- Relay events
- Fault Records
Language Editor Change the text descriptions in
the relay to suit your preferences within the
European character set.

Communications Editor - Configure the Data


Communications Files in the relay to match your
control system requirements. Protocols:
DNP 3.0
MODBUS RTU
IEC60870-5-103

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Reydisp Manager for 61850 configuration / Graphical Logic
(Free download)

Manage the project


Add devices
Import third party ICDs
Add Station
Add time sever
Mange updates
Manage logic
Manage Settings
Export files
Update device

Reylogic Express
Setting Editor

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Serial Data Communications

Standard Data Comms Ports


Front USB-B Port
Rear RS485 Port

Optional Data Comms Ports


2 x Fibre Optic ports, with ST Connectors Optimised
for 62.5/125m Glass Fibres
RS232 Port: 9 pin D Connector
RS485 Port: 2 wire with integral Terminating Resistor

Protocols
IEC 60870-5-103, MODBUS RTU, DNP-3, ASCII

Each port can be set for local or remote access

REYDISP is compatible with IEC 60870-5-103 and can be


used on all ports

IRIG-B with BNC connector


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Optional Ethernet communications - IEC61850

Integration of the EN100 module


established in Siprotec devices with
many worldwide installations.

Simplified tool chain using Reydisp


Manager and DIGSI 4 system
configurator
EN100
2 x Optical Duplex LC connectors
(2 transmitters and 2 receivers) Functions
2 x Electrical RJ45 connectors Object Modelling
GOOSE Messaging
Buffered and Unbuffered Reporting
SNTP Tine Synchronising
Disturbance Record File Transfer
Redundancy
5 Clients Supported

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7SR23: Further Information

www.siemens.com/energy
Information Available:
Catalogue sheets

Technical Manual:
1. Description of Operation
2. Settings, Configuration and Instruments
3. Performance Specification
4. Data Communications
5. Installation
6. Commissioning
7. Applications Guide
8. IEC61850 MICS, PICS, PIXIT files

Wiring diagrams
Panel drilling drawings

Reydisp Evolution settings files


Reydisp Manager templates

Relay firmware

High Impedance Applications Guide

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